Environmental regulation of carotenoid biosynthesis in plants
Carotenoids are tetraterpenoid pigments synthesized in plants and other photosynthetic organisms. They are involved in the light and temperature regulated metabolic processes in plants. The oxidative degradation of carotenoids produces phytohormones such as abscisic acid and strigolactones, which play key roles on the plant acclimation to the altered environmental conditions. In addition, carotenoids such as β-carotene, lutein, etc. are among the essential nutrients for non-photosynthetic organisms including human, which can only obtained from the plant based dietary sources. The ever changing environmental conditions immensely affect biosynthesis, accumulation, and degradation of carotenoids in plants.
My dissertation project will investigate the effect of various environmental conditions on the carotenoid landscape in plants. I will mainly focus on elevated CO2 and cold temperature in the context of two major factors affecting the global climate change. Using wild type and carotenoid pathway mutants of Arabidopsis and Tomato (Lycopersicon esculantum var. Microtom), I will investigate how elevated CO2 and cold exposure affect carotenogenesis at molecular and physiological level. Findings of this research will underpin the role of carotenoids in plants to acclimate short- and long-term environmental changes. In addition, it will be a valuable resource for agricultural industries in crop biofortification endeavours to ensure optimum amount of health promoting carotenoids in food crops under the future environmental conditions.
(Research gate profile: https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Namraj_Dhami (opens in a new window)
Alagoz Y, Nayak P, Dhami N, Cazzonelli CI, (2018) 'cis-carotene biosynthesis, evolution and regulation in plants: The emergence of novel signaling metabolites', Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, vol.654, pp 172-184
Dhami N, Tissue DT, Cazzonelli CI, (2018) 'Leaf-age dependent response of carotenoid accumulation to elevated CO2 in Arabidopsis', Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, vol.647, pp 67-75
Dhami N, Mishra AD, (2015) 'Phytochemical variation: How to resolve the quality controversies of herbal medicinal products?', Journal of Herbal Medicine, vol.5, no.2, pp 118-127
Dr Christopher Cazzonelli, Professor David Tissue, Professor Barry Pogson (ANU)