Professor Brendan Choat

Dr Brendan ChoatBrendan Choat obtained his BSc (Hons) in 1997 (JCU) and his PhD in 2003 (JCU).

From 2003-2005 he worked as a Post Doctoral Fellow at Harvard University in the Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology. He held a second Post Doctoral Fellowship in the Department of Viticulture and Enology at the University of California, Davis from 2005-2008.

In 2008 he returned to Australia to take up a Research Fellowship at ANU before moving to a Senior Research Lectureship at the Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment. He is an editor for the PrometheusWiki Project and on the editorial review board of Tree Physiology.

In 2010 he was awarded a Humboldt Fellowship for Experienced Researchers.

In 2013, Brendan was awarded an ARC Future Fellowship for his work in mapping drought responses in trees.

More details about the research and collaborations of Prof Brendan Choat are found at the Choat Lab website.(opens in a new window)

Areas of Research / Teaching Expertise

The growth and survival of plants is strongly tied to the effective balance of water loss and carbon gain. In vascular plants, the xylem tissue constitutes a hydraulic system that must supply water to the transpiring leaf surface at a rate that allows for a net positive carbon balance.

The efficiency of this system is therefore of paramount importance to plant productivity and survival. However, water transported in the xylem is under tension and is therefore subject to cavitation. The resultant gas void (embolism) blocks conduits and leads to a reduction in hydraulic conductivity, which in turn can impact on leaf gas exchange and ultimately cause die back and death of the plant.

I am studying how the structure of the xylem achieves a compromise between features that promote efficiency of transport to the leaves while preserving safety from cavitation. The questions are of great importance in both natural and agricultural systems.

Awards and Recognition

  • Won a Thomson Reuters 2015 Citation and Innovation Award. Brendan and his colleague Tim Brodribb (University of Tasmania) received the citation award in Plant & Animal Science for their research in ‘Drought and tree mortality’.
  • Received recognition as a Clarivate Highly Cited Researcher. The recognition identifies researchers that have been ranked in the top 1% globally – identifying them as the world’s most influential scientists, 2018, 2020 and 2021.

Grants / Current Projects

Understanding the confluence of Eucalyptus dieback and koala habitat in NSW - Stage 1 
Co-Researchers: Rachael Nolan, Ben Moore, Rachael Gallagher, Belinda Medlyn, Matthias Boer
Partner/Funding Body: NSW Department of Planning and Environment
Period: 2023-2024

Understanding the confluence of Eucalyptus dieback and koala habitat in NSW - literature review 
Co-Researchers: Rachael Nolan, Ben Moore, Rachael Gallagher, Belinda Medlyn, Matthias Boer
Partner/Funding Body: NSW Department of Planning and Environment
Period: 2023-2024

Assessment of the impact of damage to retained trees

Co-Researcher: Rachael Nolan
Partner/Funding Body: NSW Government Natural Resources Commission
Period: 2023

Quantifying the recovery trajectory and aboveground productivity in rainforest species after fire on rich versus poor soils
Co-Researchers: Kristine Crous, Rachael Nolan, David Ellsworth and Robert Kooyman (MQ)
Partner/Funding Body: Herman Slade
Period: 2022

Understanding the survival of forests under drought
Co-Researcher: Ben Smith
Partner/Funding Body: Australian Research Council Discovery
Period: 2022-2024

Predicting vegetation dynamics in Australia's arid zone
Co-Researchers: Rachael Nolan and Belinda Medlyn
Partner/Funding Body: Bush Heritage Australia / Arid Recovery
Period: 2022

Recovery of NSW Gondwana rainforest from bushfires
Partner/Funding Body: Baker Hughes Services Australia Pty Ltd
Period: 2021

Impacts of drought stress on bushfire risk
Co-Researchers: Rachael Nolan, Belinda Medlyn, Brendan Choat and Anne Griebel
Partner/Funding Body: Department of Industry, Science, Energy and Resources and RedEye Consulting
Period: 2021-2022

Memorandum of Understanding Partner Grants Project
Partner/Funding Body: NSW Department of Planning, Industry and Environment
Period: 2021

Real-time decision support system for remote monitoring of crops
Co-Researchers: Ian Anderson and Oula Ghannoum
Partner/funding body: Horticulture Innovation Australia
Period: 2021

Determining the physiological underpinnings of eucalypt dieback in NSW
Co-Researchers: Matthias Boer, Belinda Medlyn, Sebastian Pfautsch, Rachael Nolan, David Tissue, Paul Rymer and Mark Tjoelker
Partner/Funding Body: NSW Environmental Trust
Period: 2021-2024

Quantifying forest mortality after record-breaking drought and unprecedented wildfire in Eastern Australia
Co-Researchers: Rachael Nolan, Matthias Boer, Belinda Medlyn and Anne Griebel
Partner/Funding Body: Hermon Slade Foundation
Period: 2020-2022

Report on the impact of drought on tree health and consequences for storm damage
Co-Researcher: Belinda Medlyn
Partner/Funding Body: AUSGRID
Period: 2020

Terrestrial Ecosystems Research Network – Cumberland Plain Supersite.
Co-Researcher: David Ellsworth, Elise Pendall and Matthias Boer
Partner/Funding Body: NSW Government, Departmnt of Industry, Research Attraction and Acceleration Program (RAAP)
Period: 2018-2022

Forecasting live fuel moisture content, the on/off switch for forest fireCo-Researchers: Rachael Nolan, Belinda Medlyn and Matthias Boer
Partner/Funding Body: Australian Research Council Linkage
Period: 2020-2023

Quantifying adaptive capacity to climate change through a multi-faceted approach: habitat suitability, functional traits, physiological tolerance and genetic adaptation
Co-Researchers: Paul Rymer, David Tissue and Belinda Medlyn
Partner/Funding Body: NSW Office of Environment and Heritage
Period: 2018-2021

Burning for a healthy future: people and their environment. Founding partner of NSW Bushfire Risk Management Research Hub.
Co-Researchers: Matthias Boer, Belinda Medlyn, Mark Tjoelker Elise Pendall, Ross Bradstock, David Bowman and David Keith
Partner/Funding Body: NSW Government, Department of Environment and Heritage
Period: 2018-2022

Understanding the physiological underpinnings of a massive mangrove die off in northern Australia
Partner/Funding Body: Australia and Pacific Science Foundation
Period: 2017-2019

Finding damage thresholds in pyrethrum to optimise crop profitability
Co-Researcher: Timothy Brodribb
Partner/Funding Body: Australian Research Council Discovery
Period: 2017-2019

Carbon Water Linkages for native trees under elevated CO2: A unique coupled sensor system for tree water-use efficiency
Co-Researcher: David Ellsworth
Partner/Funding Body: Campbell Scientific Australia Pty Ltd
Period: 2014

Limits to the resilience of Australian forests and woodlands to drought
Partner/Funding Body: Australian Research Council Future Fellowship
Period: 2014-2018

Drought and recovery: embolism spread and repair in conifer and angiosperm species
Partner/Funding Body: Australian Synchrotron Company Ltd
Period: 2013

Observation of embolism formation and refilling in plants using synchrotron based x-ray micro computed tomography
Partner/Funding Body: Australian Synchrotron Company Ltd
Period: 2012

Xylem and phloem transport limitations and their role in drought-induced mortality of trees
Co-Researcher: David Tissue
Partner/Funding Body: University of Western Sydney
Period: 2011-2014

Climate change effects on decomposition of coarse woody debris, as mediated by wood traits and fungal communities
Co-researchers: Jeff Powell and Peter Reich
Partner/Funding Body: University of Western Sydney
Period: 2011-2013

Fundamental aspects of water transport in plants
Co-Researcher: Steven Jansen
Partner/Funding Body: Humboldt Fellowship for Experienced Researchers
Period: 2010-2012

Travel funding to conduct experiments at the Advanced Light Source in Berkeley California
Partner/Funding Body: Australian Synchrotron International Synchrotron
Period: 2010

Visualizing xylem functional repair and elucidating its mechanisms in a variety of woody and herbaceous species
Co-Researchers: AJ McElrone, C Brodersen, KA Shackel and MA Matthews
Partner/Funding Body: Advanced Light Source, General Sciences Proposals
Period: 2010

Salinity tolerance along an aridity gradient: linking physiological processes with morphological constraints on leaf function in mangroves
Co-Researchers: MC Ball, CE Lovelock and L Sack
Partner/Funding Body: ARC Discovery Grant
Period: 2010-2012

The role of systems level properties in the transport function of the xylem network
Co-Researchers: MA Matthews, AJ McElrone, R Phillips, KA Shackel
Partner/Funding Body: NSF, Integrative Organismal Systems Program UC Davis
Period: 2008-2011

Australian Vegetation Function Network Working Group 63: Xylem Functional Traits
Co-Researcher: S Jansen
Period: 2009

Functional studies of pit membrane thickenings in angiosperms
Co-Researcher: S Jansen
Partner/Funding Body: Lennox Boyd Memorial Trust Fund
Period: 2005

The effects of seasonal drought on hydraulic architecture and vulnerability to embolism in Cordia
Partner/Funding Body: Mellon Exploration Grant, Smithsonian Tropical Research Institute and Organisation of Tropical Studies
Period: 2003

Selected Publications

Griebel A, Boer MM, Blackman C, Choat B, Ellsworth DS, Madden P, Medlyn B, Resco de Dios V, Wujeska-Klause A, Yebra M, Younes Cardenas N, Nolan RH, (2023) 'Specific leaf area and vapour pressure deficit control live fuel moisture content', Functional Ecology, vol.37, no.3, pp 719 - 731

Hislop S, Stone C, Gibson RK, Roff A, Choat B, Nolan RH, Nguyen TH, Carnegie AJ, (2023) 'Using dense Sentinel-2 time series to explore combined fire and drought impacts in eucalypt forests', Frontiers in Forests and Global Change, vol.6, Article no.1018936

Smith-Martin CM, Muscarella R, Hammond WM, Jansen S, Brodribb TJ, Choat B, Johnson DM, Vargas-G G, Uriarte M, (2023) 'Hydraulic variability of tropical forests is largely independent of water availability' Ecology Letters, vol.26, no.11, pp 1829-1839

De Kauwe MG, Sabot MEB, Medlyn BE, Pitman AJ, Meir P, Cernusak LA, Gallagher RV, Ukkola AM, Rifai SW, Choat B, (2022) 'Towards species-level forecasts of drought-induced tree mortality risk', vol.235, no.1, pp 94-110

Diaz S, Kattge J, Cornelissen JHC, Wright IJ, Lavorel S, Dray S, Reu B, Kleyer M, Wirth C, Prentice IC, Garnier E, Bönisch G, Westoby M, Poorter H, Reich PB, Moles AT, Dickie J, Zanne AE, Chave J, Wright SJ, Sheremetiev SN, Jactel H, Baraloto C, Cerabolini BEL, Pierce S, Shipley B, Casanoves F, Joswig JS, Günther A, Falczuk V, Rüger N, Mahecha MD, Gorné LD, Amiaud B, Atkin OK, Bahn M, Baldocchi D, Beckmann M, Blonder B, Bond W, Bond-Lamberty B, Brown K, Burrascano S, Byun C, Campetella G, Cavender-Bares J, Chapin FS, Choat B, Coomes DA, Cornwell WK, Craine J, Craven D, Dainese M, de Araujo AC, de Vries FT, Domingues TF, Enquist BJ, Fagúndez J, Fang J, Fernández-Méndez F, Fernandez-Piedade MT, Ford H, Forey E, Freschet GT, Gachet S, Gallagher R, Green W, Guerin GR, Gutiérrez AG, Harrison SP, Hattingh WN, He T, Hickler T, Higgins SI, Higuchi P, Ilic J, Jackson RB, Jalili A, Jansen S, Koike F, König C, Kraft N, Kramer K, Kreft H, Kühn I, Kurokawa H, Lamb EG, Laughlin DC, Leishman M, Lewis S, Louault F, Malhado, Ana CM, Manning P, Meir P, Mencuccini M, Messier J, Miller R, Minden V, Molofsky J, Montgomery R, Montserrat-Martí G, Moretti M, Müller S, Niinemets Ü, Ogaya R, Öllerer K, Onipchenko V, Onoda Y, Ozinga WA, Pausas JG, Peco B, Penuelas J, Pillar, Valério D.dr; Pladevall C, Römermann C, Sack L, Salinas N, Sandel B, Sardans J, Schamp B, Scherer-Lorenzen M, Schulze E-D, Schweingruber F, Shiodera S, Sosinski Ê, Soudzilovskaia N, Spasojevic MJ, Swaine E, Swenson N, Tautenhahn S, Thompson K, Totte A, Urrutia-Jalabert R, Valladares F, van Bodegom P, Vasseur F, Verheyen K, Vile D, Violle C, von Holle B, Weigelt P, Weiher E, Wiemann MC, Williams M, Wright J, Zotz G, (2022) 'The global spectrum of plant form and function: enhanced species-level trait dataset', Scientific Data, vol.9, no.1, Article no.755

Duan HL, de Dios VR, Wang DF, Zhao N, Huang GM, Liu WF, Wu JP, Zhou SX, Choat B, Tissue DT, (2022) 'Testing the limits of plant drought stress and subsequent recovery in four provenances of a widely distributed subtropical tree species', Plant Cell and Environment, vol.45, no.4, pp 1187-1203

Gauthey A, Backes D, Balland J, Alam I, Maher DT, Cernusak LA, Duke NC, Medlyn BE, Tissue DT, Choat B, (2022) 'The Role of Hydraulic Failure in a Massive Mangrove Die-Off Event', Frontiers in Plant Science, vol.13, Article no.822136

Gauthey A, Peters JMR, Lòpez R, Carins-Murpjhy MR, Rodriguez-Dominguez CM, Tissue DT, Medlyn BE, Brodribb TJ, Choat B, (2022) 'Mechanisms of xylem hydraulic recovery after drought in Eucalyptus saligna', Plant Cell and Environment, vol.45, no.4, pp 1216 - 1228

Griebel A, Peters JMR, Metzen D, Maier C, Barton CVM, Speckman HN, Boer MM, Nolan RH, Choat B,  Pendall E, (2022) 'Tapping into the physiological responses to mistletoe infection during heat and drought stress', Tree Physiology, vol.42, no.3, pp 523–536

Li X, Xi B, Wu X, Choat B, Feng J, Jiang M, Tissue D, (2022) 'Unlocking Drought-Induced Tree Mortality: Physiological Mechanisms to Modeling', Frontiers in Plant Science, vol.13, Article no.835921

McDowell NG, Sapes G, Pivovaroff A, Adams HD, Allen CD, Anderegg WRL, Arend M, Breshears DD, Brodribb T, Choat B, Cochard H, De Caceres M, De Kauwe MG, Grossiord C, Hammond WM, Hartmann H, Hoch G, Kahmen A, Klein T, Mackay DS, Mantova M, Martinez-Vilalta J, Medlyn BE, Mencuccini M, Nardini A, Oliveira RS, Sala A, Tissue DT, Torres-Ruiz JM, Trowbridge AM, Trugman AT, Wiley E, Xu CG, (2022) 'Mechanisms of woody-plant mortality under rising drought, CO2 and vapour pressure deficit', Nature Reviews Earth & Environment, vol.3, no.5, pp 294-308

Nolan RH, Collins L, Gibson RK, Samson SA, Rolls KT, Milner K, Medlyn BE, Price OF, Griebel A, Choat B, Jiang MK, Boer MM, (2022) 'The carbon cost of the 2019-20 Australian fires varies with fire severity and forest type', Global Ecology and Biogeography, vol.31, no.10, pp 2131-2146

Nolan RH, Foster B, Griebel A, Choat B, Medlyn BE, Yebra M, Younes N, Boer MM, (2022) 'Drought-related leaf functional traits control spatial and temporal dynamics of live fuel moisture content', Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol.319, Article no.108941

Pritzkow C, Brown MJM, Carins-Murphy MR, Bourbia I, Mitchell PJ, Brodersen C, Choat B, Brodribb TJ, (2022) 'Conduit position and connectivity affect the likelihood of xylem embolism during natural drought in evergreen woodland species', Annals of botany, vol.130, no.3, pp 431-444

Rodriguez-Dominguez CM, Forner A, Martorell S, Choat B, Lopez R, Peters JMR, Pfautsch S, Mayr S, Carins-Murphy MR, McAdam SAM, Richardson F, Diaz-Espejo A, Hernandez-Santana V, Menezes-Silva PE, Torres-Ruiz JM, Batz TA, Sack L, (2022) 'Leaf water potential measurements using the pressure chamber: Synthetic testing of assumptions towards best practices for precision and accuracy', Plant Cell and Environment, vol.45, no.7, pp 2037-2061

Sabot MEB, De Kauwe MG, Pitman AJ, Medlyn BE, Ellsworth DS, Martin-StPaul NK, Wu J, Choat B, Limousin J-M, Mitchell PJ, Rogers A, Serbin SP, (2022) 'One Stomatal Model to Rule Them All? Toward Improved Representation of Carbon and Water Exchange in Global Models', Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, vol.14, no.4, Article no.e2021MS002761

Chen YJ, Choat B, Sterck F, Maenpuen P, Katabuchi M, Zhang SB, Tomlinson KW, Oliveira RS, Zhang YJ, Shen JX, Cao KF, Jansen S, (2021) 'Hydraulic prediction of drought-induced plant dieback and top-kill depends on leaf habit and growth form', Ecology Letters, Article no.106616

Falster DS, Gallagher RV, Wenk E, Wright IJ, Indiarto D, Andrew SC, Baxter C, Lawson J, Allen S, Fuchs A, Monro A, Kar F, Adams MA, Ahrens CW, Alfonzetti M, Angevin T, Apgaua DMG, Arndt A, Atkin OK, Atkinson J, Auld TD, Baker A, von Balthazar M, Bean A, Blackman CJ, Bloomfield K, Bowman DMJS, Bragg J, Brodribb TJ, Buckton G, Burrows G, Caldwell E, Camac J, Carpenter R, Catford JA, Cawthray GR, Cernusak LA, Chandler G, Chapman AR, Cheal D, Cheesman AW, Chen S-C, Choat B, Clinton B, Clode PL, Coleman H, Cornwell WK, Cosgrove M, Crisp M, Cross E, Crous KY, Cunningham S, Curran T, Curtis E, Daws MI, DeGabriel JL, Denton MD, Dong N, Du P, Duan H, Duncan DH, Duncan RP, Duretto M, Dwyer JM, Edwards C, Esperon-Rodriguez M, Evans JR, Everingham SE, Farrell C, Firn J, Fonseca CR, French BJ, Frood D, Funk JL, Geange SR, Ghannoum O, Gleason SM, Gosper CR, Gray E, Groom PK, Grootemaat S, Gross C, Guerin G, Guja L, Hahs AK, Harrison MT, Hayes PE, Henery M, Hochuli D, Howell J, Huang G, Hughes L, Huisman J, Ilic J, Jagdish A, Jin D, Jordan G, Jurado E, Kanowski J, Kasel S, Kellermann J, Kenny B, Kohout M, Kooyman RM, Kotowska MM, Lai HR, Laliberté E, Lambers H, Lamont BB, Lanfear R, van Langevelde F, Laughlin DC, Laugier-Kitchener B-A, Laurance S, Lehmann CER, Leigh A, Leishman MR, Lenz T, Lepschi B, Lewis JD, Lim F, Liu U, Lord J, Lusk CH, Macinnis-Ng C, McPherson H, Magallón S, Manea A, López-Martinez A, Mayfield M, McCarthy JK, Meers T, van der Merwe M, Metcalfe DJ, Milberg P, Mokany K, Moles AT, Moore BD, Moore N, Morgan JW, Morris W, Muir A, Munroe S, Nicholson A, Nicolle D, Nicotra AB, Niinemets Ü, North T, O’Reilly-Nugent A, O’Sullivan OS, Oberle B, Onoda Y, Ooi MKJ, Osborne CP, Paczkowska G, Pekin B, Guilherme Pereira C, Pickering C, Pickup M, Pollock LJ, Poot P, Powell JR, Power SA, Prentice IC, Prior L, Prober SM, Read J, Reynolds V, Richards AE, Richardson B, Roderick ML, Rosell JA, Rossetto M, Rye B, Rymer PD, Sams MA, Sanson G, Sauquet H, Schmidt S, Schönenberger J, Schulze E-D, Sendall K, Sinclair S, Smith B, Smith R, Soper F, Sparrow B, Standish RJ, Staples TL, Stephens R, Szota C, Taseski G, Tasker E, Thomas F, Tissue DT, Tjoelker MG, Tng DYP, de Tombeur F, Tomlinson K, Turner NC, Veneklaas EJ, Venn S, Vesk P, VlasveldC , Vorontsova MS, Warren CA, Warwick N, Weerasinghe LK, Wells J, Westoby M, White M, Williams NSG, Wills J, Wilson PG, Yates C, Zanne AE, Zemunik G, Ziemińska K, (2021) 'AusTraits, a curated plant trait database for the Australian flora', Scientific Data, vol.8, no.1, Article no.254

Jiang X, Choat B, Zhang Y-J, Guan X-Y, Shi W, Cao K-F, (2021) 'Variation in xylem hydraulic structure and function of two mangrove species across a latitudinal gradient in eastern australia', Water (Switzerland), vol.13, no.6, Article no.850

Lopez R, Cano FJ, Martin-St Paul NK, Cochard H, Choat B, (2021) 'Coordination of stem and leaf traits define different strategies to regulate water loss and tolerance ranges to aridity', New Phytologist, vol.230, no.2, pp 497-509

Nolan RH, Gauthey A, Losso A, Medlyn BE, Smith R, Chhajed SS, Fuller K, Song M, Li X, Beaumont LJ, Boer MM, Wright IJ, Choat B, (2021) 'Hydraulic failure and tree size linked with canopy die-back in eucalypt forest during extreme drought', New Phytologist, vol.230, no.4, pp 1354-1365

Oyanoghafo OO, O'Brien C, Choat B, Tissue D, Rymer PD, (2021) 'Vulnerability to xylem cavitation of Hakea species (Proteaceae) from a range of biomes and life histories predicted by climatic niche', Annals of Botany, vol.127, no.7, pp 909 - 918

Peters JMR, Gauthey A, Lopez R, Carins-Murphy MR, Brodribb TJ, Choat B, (2021) 'Non-invasive imaging reveals convergence in root and stem vulnerability to cavitation across five tree species', Journal of Experimental Botany, vol.71, no.20, pp 6623-6637

Pivovaroff AL, McDowell NG, Rodrigues TB, Brodribb T, Cernusak LA, Choat B, Grossiord C, Ishida Y, Jardine KJ, Laurance S, Leff R, Li WB, Liddell M, Mackay DS, Pacheco H, Peters J, Filho IJS, Souza DC, Wang WZ, Zhang PP, Chambers J, (2021) 'Stability of tropical forest tree carbon-water relations in a rainfall exclusion treatment through shifts in effective water uptake depth', Global Change Biology, Article no.108634

Brodribb TJ, Powers J, Cochard H, Choat B, (2020) 'Hanging by a thread? Forests and drought', Science, vol.368. no.6488, pp 261-266

De Kauwe MG, Medlyn BE, Ukkola AM, Mu MY, Sabot MEB, Pitman AJ, Meir P, Cernusak LA, Rifai SW, Choat B, Tissue DT, Blackman CJ, Li XM, Roderick M, Briggs PR, (2020) 'Identifying areas at risk of drought‐induced tree mortality across South‐Eastern Australia', Global Change Biology, vol.26, no.10, pp 5716-5733

Gauthey A, Peters JMR, Carins‐Murphy MR, Rodriguez‐Dominguez CM, Li X, Delzon S, King A, Lòpez R, Medlyn BE, Tissue DT, Brodribb TJ, Choat B, (2020) 'Visual and hydraulic techniques produce similar estimates of cavitation resistance in woody species', New Phytologist, vol.228, no.3, pp 884-897

Jacob V, Zhang H, Churchill AC, Yang J, Choat B, Medlyn BE, Power SA, Tissue DT, (2020) 'Warming reduces net carbon gain and productivity in medicago sativa l. And festuca arundinacea', Agronomy, vol.10, no.10, Article no.1601

Johnson KM, Brodersen C, Carins-Murphy MR, Choat B, Brodribb TJ, (2020) 'Xylem Embolism Spreads by Single-Conduit Events in Three Dry Forest Angiosperm Stems', Plant physiology, vol.184, no.1, pp 212-222

Kattge J, Bonisch G, Diaz S, Lavorel S, Prentice IC, Leadley P, Tautenhahn S, Werner GDA, Aakala T, Abedi M, Acosta ATR, Adamidis GC, Adamson K, Aiba M, Albert CH, Alcantara JM, Alcazar CC, Aleixo I, Ali H, Amiaud B, Ammer C, Amoroso MM, Anand M, Anderson C, Anten N, Antos J, Apgaua DMG, Ashman TL, Asmara DH, Asner GP, Aspinwall M, Atkin O, Aubin I, Baastrup-Spohr L, Bahalkeh K, Bahn M, Baker T, Baker WJ, Bakker JP, Baldocchi D, Baltzer J, Banerjee A, Baranger A, Barlow J, Barneche DR, Baruch Z, Bastianelli D, Battles J, Bauerle W, Bauters M, Bazzato E, Beckmann M, Beeckman H, Beierkuhnlein C, Bekker R, Belfry G, Belluau M, Beloiu M, Benavides R, Benomar L, Berdugo-Lattke ML, Berenguer E, Bergamin R, Bergmann J, Carlucci MB, Berner L, Bernhardt-Romermann M, Bigler C, Bjorkman AD, Blackman C, Blanco C, Blonder B, Blumenthal D, Bocanegra-Gonzalez KT, Boeckx P, Bohlman S, Bohning-Gaese K, Boisvert-Marsh L, Bond W, Bond-Lamberty B, Boom A, Boonman CCF, Bordin K, Boughton EH, Boukili V, Bowman DMJS, Bravo S, Brendel MR, Broadley MR, Brown KA, Bruelheide H, Brumnich F, Bruun HH, Bruy D, Buchanan SW, Bucher SF, Buchmann N, Buitenwerf R, Bunker DE, Burger J, Burrascano S, Burslem DFRP, Butterfield BJ, Byun C, Marques M, Scalon MC, Caccianiga M, Cadotte M, Cailleret M, Camac J, Camarero JJ, Campany C, Campetella G, Campos JA, Cano-Arboleda L, Canullo R, Carbognani M, Carvalho F, Casanoves F, Castagneyrol B, Catford JA, Cavender-Bares J, Cerabolini BEL, Cervellini M, Chacon-Madrigal E, Chapin K, Chapin FS, Chelli S, Chen SC, Chen AP, Cherubini P, Chianucci F, Choat B, Chung KS, Chytry M, Ciccarelli D, Coll L, Collins CG, Conti L, Coomes D, Cornelissen JHC, Cornwell WK, Corona P, Coyea M, Craine J, Craven D, Cromsigt JPGM, Csecserits A, Cufar K, Cuntz M, da Silva AC, Dahlin KM, Dainese M, Dalke I, Dalle Fratte M, Anh TDL, Danihelka J, Dannoura M, Dawson S, de Beer AJ, De Frutos A, De Long JR, Dechant B, Delagrange S, Delpierre N, Derroire G, Dias AS, Diaz-Toribio MH, Dimitrakopoulos PG, Dobrowolski M, Doktor D, Drevojan P, Dong N, Dransfield J, Dressler S, Duarte L, Ducouret E, Dullinger S, Durka W, Duursma R, Dymova O, E-Vojtko A, Eckstein RL, Ejtehadi H, Elser J, Emilio T, Engemann K, Erfanian MB, Erfmeier A, Esquivel-Muelbert A, Esser G, Estiarte M, Domingues TF, Fagan WF, Fagundez J, Falster DS, Fan Y, Fang JY, Farris E, Fazlioglu F, Feng YH, Fernandez-Mendez F, Ferrara C, Ferreira J, Fidelis A, Finegan B, Firn J, Flowers TJ, Flynn DFB, Fontana V, Forey E, Forgiarini C, Francois L, Frangipani M, Frank D, Frenette-Dussault C, Freschet GT, Fry EL, Fyllas NM, Mazzochini GG, Gachet S, Gallagher R, Ganade G, Ganga F, Garcia-Palacios P, Gargaglione V, Garnier E, Garrido JL, de Gasper AL, Gea-Izquierdo G, Gibson D, Gillison AN, Giroldo A, Glasenhardt MC, Gleason S, Gliesch M, Goldberg E, Goldel B, Gonzalez-Akre E, Gonzalez-Andujar JL, Gonzalez-Melo A, Gonzalez-Robles A, Graae BJ, Granda E, Graves S, Green WA, Gregor T, Gross N, Guerin GR, Gunther A, Gutierrez AG, Haddock L, Haines A, Hall J, Hambuckers A, Han WX, Harrison SP, Hattingh W, Hawes JE, He TH, He PC, Heberling JM, Helm A, Hempel S, Hentschel J, Herault B, Heres AM, Herz K, Heuertz M, Hickler T, Hietz P, Higuchi P, Hipp AL, Hirons A, Hock M, Hogan JA, Holl K, Honnay O, Hornstein D, Hou EQ, Hough-Snee N, Hovstad KA, Ichie T, Igic B, Illa E, Isaac M, Ishihara M, Ivanov L, Ivanova L, Iversen CM, Izquierdo J, Jackson RB, Jackson B, Jactel H, Jagodzinski AM, Jandt U, Jansen S, Jenkins T, Jentsch A, Jespersen JRP, Jiang GF, Johansen JL, Johnson D, Jokela EJ, Joly CA, Jordan GJ, Joseph GS, Junaedi D, Junker RR, Justes E, Kabzems R, Kane J, Kaplan Z, Kattenborn T, Kavelenova L, Kearsley E, Kempel A, Kenzo T, Kerkhoff A, Khalil MI, Kinlock NL, Kissling WD, Kitajima K, Kitzberger T, Kjoller R, Klein T, Kleyer M, Klimesova J, Klipel J, Kloeppel B, Klotz S, Knops JMH, Kohyama T, Koike F, Kollmann J, Komac B, Komatsu K, Konig C, Kraft NJB, Kramer K, Kreft H, Kuhn I, Kumarathunge D, 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Taylor SH, Aspinwall MJ, Blackman CJ, Choat B, Tissue DT, Ghannoum O, (2018) 'CO2 availability influences hydraulic function of C3 and C4 grass leaves', Journal of Experimental Botany, vol.69, no.10, pp 2731-2741

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Torres-Ruiz JM, Cochard H, Choat B, Jansen S, Lopez R, Tomaskova I, Padilla-Diaz CM, Badel E, Burlett R, King A, Lenoir N, Martin-StPaul NK, Delzon S, (2017) 'Xylem resistance to embolism: presenting a simple diagnostic test for the open vessel artefact', New Phytologist, vol.215, no.1, pp 489-499

Anderegg WRL, Klein T, Bartlett M, Sack L, Pellegrini AFA, Choat B, Jansen S, (2016) 'Meta-analysis reveals that hydraulic traits explain cross-species patterns of drought-induced tree mortality across the globe', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol.113, no.18, pp 5024-5029

Bartlett MK, Klein T, Jansen S, Choat B, Sack L, (2016) 'The correlations and sequence of plant stomatal, hydraulic, and wilting responses to drought', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol.113, no.46, pp 13098-13103

Blackman CJ, Pfautsch S, Choat B, Delzon S, Gleason SM, Duursma RA, (2016) 'Toward an index of desiccation time to tree mortality under drought', Plant Cell and Environment, vol.39, no.10, pp 2342-2345

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Charrier G, Torres-Ruiz JM, Badel E, Burlett R, Choat B, Cochard H, Delmas CEL, Domec JC, Jansen S, King A, Lenoir N, Martin-StPaul N, Gambetta GA, Delzon S, (2016) 'Evidence for Hydraulic Vulnerability Segmentation and Lack of Xylem Refilling under Tension', Plant Physiology, vol.172, no.3, pp 1657-1668

Choat B, Badel E, Burlett R, Delzon S, Cochard H, Jansen S, (2016) 'Noninvasive measurement of vulnerability to drought-induced embolism by X-Ray microtomography', Plant Physiology, vol.170, no.1, pp 273-282

Christoffersen BO, Gloor M, Fauset S, Fyllas NM, Galbraith DR, Baker TR, Kruijt B, Rowland L, Fisher RA, Binks OJ, Sevanto S, Xu CG, Jansen S, Choat B, Mencuccini M, McDowell NG, Meir P, (2016) 'Linking hydraulic traits to tropical forest function in a size-structured and trait-driven model (TFS v.1-Hydro)', Geoscientific Model Development, vol.9, no.11, pp 4227-4255

Dijkstra FA, Carrillo Y, Aspinwall MJ, Maier C, Canarini A, Tahaei H, Choat B, Tissue DT, (2016) 'Water, nitrogen and phosphorus use efficiencies of four tree species in response to variable water and nutrient supply', Plant and Soil, vol.406, no.1 pp 187-199

Gleason SM, Westoby M, Jansen S, Choat B, Hacke UG, Pratt RB, Bhaskar R, Brodribb TJ, Bucci SJ, Cao K-F, Cochard H, Delzon S, Domec J-C, Fan Z-X, Feild TS, Jacobsen AL, Johnson DM, Lens F, Maherali H, Martínez-Vilalta J, Mayr S, Mcculloh KA, Mencuccini M, Mitchell PJ, Morris H, Nardini A, Pittermann J, Plavcová L, Schreiber SG, Sperry JS, Wright IJ, Zanne AE, (2016) 'Weak tradeoff between xylem safety and xylem-specific hydraulic efficiency across the world's woody plant species', New Phytologist, vol.209, no.1, pp 123-136

Li S, Feifel M, Karimi Z, Schuldt B, Choat B, Jansen S, (2016) 'Leaf gas exchange performance and the lethal water potential of five European species during drought', Tree Physiology, vol.36, no.2, pp 179-192

López R, Cano FJ, Choat B, Cochard H, Gil L, (2016) 'Plasticity in vulnerability to cavitation of pinus canariensis occurs only at the driest end of an aridity gradient', Frontiers in Plant Science, vol.7, Article no.769

Choat B, Brodersen CR, Mcelrone AJ, (2015) 'Synchrotron X-ray microtomography of xylem embolism in Sequoia sempervirens saplings during cycles of drought and recovery', New Phytologist, vol.205, no.3, pp 1095-1105

Duan HL, O'Grady AP, Duursma RA, Choat B, Huang GM, Smith RA, Jiang YA, Tissue DT, (2015) 'Drought responses of two gymnosperm species with contrasting stomatal regulation strategies under elevated [CO2] and temperature', Tree Physiology, vol.35, no.7, pp 756-770

Nolf M, Creek D, Duursma R, Holtum J, Mayr S, Choat B, (2015) 'Stem and leaf hydraulic properties are finely coordinated in three tropical rain forest tree species', Plant Cell and Environment, vol.38, no.12, pp 2652-2661

Simonin KA, Burns E, Choat B, Barbour MM, Dawson TE, Franks PJ, (2015) 'Increasing leaf hydraulic conductance with transpiration rate minimizes the water potential drawdown from stem to leaf', Journal of Experimental Botany, vol.66, no.5, pp 1303-1315

Torres-Ruiz JM, Jansen S, Choat B, McElrone AJ, Cochard H, Brodribb TJ, Badel E, Burlett R, Bouche PS, Brodersen CR, Li S, Morris H, Delzon S, (2015) 'Direct X-ray microtomography observation confirms the induction of embolism upon xylem cutting under tension', Plant Physiology, vol.167, no.1, pp 40-43

Brodersen C, Jansen S, Choat B, Rico C, Pittermann J, (2014) 'Cavitation resistance in seedless vascular plants: The structure and function of interconduit pit membranes', Plant Physiology, vol.165, no.2, pp 895-904

Duan H, Duursma RA, Huang G, Smith RA, Choat B, O'Grady AP, Tissue DT, (2014) 'Elevated [CO2] does not ameliorate the negative effects of elevated temperature on drought-induced mortality in Eucalyptus radiata seedlings', Plant, Cell and Environment, vol.37, no.7, pp 1598-1613

Martorell S, Diaz-Espejo A, Medrano H, Ball MC, Choat B, (2014) 'Rapid hydraulic recovery in Eucalyptus pauciflora after drought: linkages between stem hydraulics and leaf gas exchange', Plant Cell and Environment, vol.37, no.3, pp 617-626

Scholz A, Stein A, Choat B, Jansen S, (2014) 'How drought and deciduousness shape xylem plasticity in three Costa Rican woody plant species,' IAWA Journal, vol.35, no.4, pp 337-355

Brodersen CR, Choat B, Chatelet DS, Shackel KA, Matthews MA, McElrone AJ, (2013) 'Xylem vessel relays contribute to radial connectivity in grapevine stems (Vitis Vinifera and V. Arizonica; Vitaceae)', American Journal of Botany, vol.100, no.2, pp 314-321

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Duan H, Amthor JS, Duursma RA, O'Grady AP, Choat B, Tissue DT, (2013) 'Carbon dynamics of eucalypt seedlings exposed to progressive drought in elevated [CO2] and elevated temperature', Tree Physiology, vol.33, no.8, pp 779-792

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Choat B, Jansen S, Brodribb TJ, Cochard H, Delzon S, Bhaskar R, Bucci SJ, Feild TS, Gleason SM, Hacke UG, Jacobsen AL, Lens F, Maherali H, Martinez-Vilalta J, Mayr S, Mencuccini M, Mitchell PJ, Nardini A, Pittermann J, Pratt RB, Sperry JS, Westoby M, Wright IJ, Zanne AE, (2012) 'Global convergence in the vulnerability of forests to drought', Nature, vol.491, no.7426, pp 752-755

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Melcher PJ, Holbrook NM, Burns MJ, Zwieniecki MA, Cobb AR, Brodribb TJ, Choat B, Sack L, (2012) 'Measurements of stem xylem hydraulic conductivity in the laboratory and field', Methods in Ecology and Evolution, vol.3, no.4, pp 685-694

Brodersen CR, Lee EF, Choat B, Jansen S, Phillips RJ, Shackel KA, McElrone AJ, Matthews MA, (2011) 'Automated analysis of three-dimensional xylem networks using high-resolution computed tomography', New Phytologist, vol.191, no.4, pp 1168-1179

Choat B, Medek DE, Stuart SA, Pasquet-Kok J, Egerton JJG, Salari H, Sack L, Ball MC, (2011) 'Xylem traits mediate a trade-off between resistance to freeze-thaw-induced embolism and photosynthetic capacity in overwintering evergreens', New Phytologist, vol.191, no.4, pp 996-1005

Lens F, Sperry JS, Christman MA, Choat B, Rabaey D, Jansen S, (2011) 'Testing hypotheses that link wood anatomy to cavitation resistance and hydraulic conductivity in the genus Acer', New Phytologist, vol.190, no.3, pp 709-723

Brodersen C, McElrone AJ, Choat B, Matthews MA, Shackel KA, (2010) 'The dynamics of embolism repair in xylem: in vivo visualizations using High Resolution Computed Tomography', Plant Physiology, vol.154, no.3, pp 1088–1095

*Choat B, Drayton WM, Brodersen C, Matthews MA, Shackel KA, Wada H, McElrone AJ, (2010) 'Measurement of vulnerability to water-stress induced cavitation in grapevine: a comparison of four techniques applied to a long-vesseled species', Plant Cell and Environment, vol.33, no.9, pp 1502-1512 (*first two authors share lead authorship)

Lens F, Sperry JS, Christman MA, Choat B,  Rabaey D, Jansen S, (2010) 'Testing hypotheses that link wood anatomy to cavitation resistance and hydraulic conductivity in the genus Acer', New Phytologist, DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8137.2010.03518.x

*Pittermann J, Choat B, Jansen S, Stuart SA, Lynn L and Dawson T, (2010) 'The relationships between xylem safety and hydraulic efficiency in the Cupressaceae: the evolution of pit membrane form and function', Plant Physiology, vol.153, no.4, pp 1919–1931 (*first two authors share lead authorship)

Sack L, Cornwell WK, Santiago LS, Barbour MM, Choat B, Evans JR, Munns R, Nicotra, A, (2010) 'A unique web resource for physiology, ecology and the environmental sciences: PrometheusWiki', Functional Plant Biology, vol.37, no.8, pp 687-693

Choat B, Gambetta GA, Shackel KA, Matthews MA, (2009) 'Vascular function in grape berries across development and its relevance to apparent hydraulic isolation', Plant Physiology, vol.151, no.3, pp 1677–1687

Choat B, Gambetta GA, Wada H, Shackel KA, Matthews MA, (2009) 'The effects of Pierce's disease on leaf and petiole hydraulic conductance in Vitis vinifera cv. Chardonnay', Physiologia Plantarum, vol.136, no.4, pp 384–394

Choat B, Pittermann, J, (2009) 'New insights into bordered pit structure and cavitation resistance in angiosperms and conifers', New Phytologist, vol.182, no.3, pp 557–560

*Jansen S. Choat B, Pletsers A, (2009) 'Morphological variation of intervessel pit membranes and implications to xylem function in angiosperms', American Journal of Botany, vol.96, no.2, pp 409-419 (*first two authors share lead authorship)

Choat B, Cobb AR, Jansen S, (2008) 'Tansley Review: Structure and function of bordered pits: new discoveries and impacts on whole plant hydraulic function', New Phytologist, vol.177, no.3, pp 608-625

Choat B, Sack L, Holbrook NM, (2007) 'Diversity of hydraulic traits in nine Cordia species growing in tropical rainforests with contrasting precipitation', New Phytologist, vol.175, no.4, pp 686-698

Cobb AR, Choat B, Holbrook NM, (2007) 'Dynamics of freeze-thaw embolism in Smilax rotundifolia (Smilacaceae)', American Journal of Botany, vol.94, no.4, pp 640–649

Jansen S, Sano Y, Choat B, Rabaey D, Lens F, Dute RR, (2007) 'Pit membranes in tracheary elements of Rosaceae and related families: new records of tori and pseudo-tori',  American Journal of Botany, vol.94, no.4, pp 503–514

Stuart SA, Choat B, Martin K, Holbrook NM and Ball MC, (2007) 'The role of freezing in defining the latitudinal limits of mangrove forests', New Phytologist, vol.173, no.3, pp 576-583

Choat B, Ball MC, Luly JG, Donnelly C, Holtum JAM, (2006), 'Seasonal patterns of leaf gas exchange and water relations in dry rainforest trees of contrasting leaf phenology', Tree Physiology, vol.26, no.5, pp 657-664

Choat B, Brodie TW, Cobb AR, Zwieniecki MA, Holbrook NM, (2006), 'Direct measurements of intervessel pit membrane hydraulic resistance in two angiosperm tree species', American Journal of Botany, vol.93, no.7, pp 993-1000

Lovelock CE, Ball MC, Choat B, Holbrook NM, Feller IC, (2006) 'Linking physiological processes with patterns in mangrove forest structure: Phosphorus deficiency limits canopy development, hydraulic conductivity and photosynthetic carbon gain in dwarf Rhizophora mangle', Plant, Cell and Environment, vol.29, no.5, pp 793-802

Choat B, Ball MC, Luly JG, Holtum JAM, (2005) 'Hydraulic architecture of deciduous and evergreen dry rainforest tree species from north-eastern Australia', Trees: Structure and Function, vol.19, no.3, pp 305–311

Choat B, Lahr E, Melcher PJ, Zwieniecki MA, Holbrook NM, (2005) 'The spatial pattern of air seeding thresholds in mature sugar maple trees', Plant, Cell and Environment, vol.28, no.9, pp 1082–1089

Choat B, Jansen S, Zwieniecki MA, Smets E, Holbrook NM, (2004) 'Changes in pit membrane porosity due to deflection and stretching: the role of vestured pits', Journal of Experimental Botany, vol.55, no.402, pp 1569-1575

Jansen S, Choat B, Vinckier S, Lens F, Schols P, Smets E, (2004) 'Intervascular pit membranes with a torus in the wood of Ulmus (Ulmaceae) and related genera', New Phytologist, vol.163, no.1, pp 51-59

Choat B, Ball M, Luly J, Holtum J, (2003) 'Pit membrane porosity and water stress-induced cavitation in four co-existing dry rainforest tree species', Plant Physiology, vol.131, no.1, pp 41-48

Eucalyptus Leaf