Gender pay equity is about ensuring women and men performing the same role are paid the same amount, and women and men performing different work of equal or comparable value are paid equitably. This requires a valuing of skills, responsibilities and working conditions in a non-discriminatory way. Unintended gender biases in hiring, promotion, performance and pay decisions can lead to incidences of pay inequity. Any unfairness or perceived unfairness can negatively impact workplace culture and productivity. It can also negatively affect employee engagement and retention. (Source: WGEA, Guide to Gender Pay Equity)
Research shows the main factors contributing to the gender pay gap are:
discrimination and bias in hiring and pay decisions
women and men working in different industries and different jobs, with female-dominated industries and jobs attracting lower wages
high rate of part-time work for women
women’s disproportionate share of unpaid caring and domestic work
lack of workplace flexibility to accommodate caring and other responsibilities, especially in senior roles
women’s greater time out of the workforce impacting career progression and opportunities.
Setting a target for the representation of women in all areas of management
Promoting workplace flexibility and supporting our staff in meeting their personal and work priorities
Facilitating training options for staff on the potential impacts of unconscious bias
Supporting women in engaging in non-traditional fields of study and work such as the science, technology, engineering, mathematics and medicine (STEMM) disciplines, including participating in the pilot program of the Science in Australia Gender Equity (SAGE) program
Undertaking ongoing review and assessment of our promotions and recruitment processes and training to enhance access and opportunity for all staff.
The University has run internal pay equity audits since 2009. In 2022 the University saw a drop in the average organisation wide gender pay gap down 1.2% from 2021 to 11.4%. A detailed analysis of our workplace profile data including manager and non-manager representation, promotions, and staff access to flexible work and parental leave options is available at Workforce Profile.
Equal pay day
Equal Pay Day marks the additional time from the end of the previous financial year that women must work in order to earn the same average income as men. The Equal Pay Day for 2022 falls on Tuesday 29 August.
This year the national gender pay gap figure has been reported by the Workplace Gender Equality Agency (WGEA) at 14.1%, a rise of 0.3 percentage points over the last six months.
"As a result of the gender pay gap, many Australian women have to work harder to make ends meet with very little room for discretionary spending or saving once they’ve covered the cost of daily essentials...The latest ABS figures from June show a skyrocketing cost-of-living for all Australians, with inflation now at 6.1 per cent over the past year...Today’s persistent gender pay gap outcome, in times of significantly increasing consumer prices, highlights the disproportionate impact that inflation has on Australian women.
When women earn an average of $264 less than men, the increasing price of everyday items consumes a larger portion of her income and makes it harder to make ends meet...placing increased stress on Australian households, particularly single parent households, as they struggle to pay for basic necessities like food and rent. It also reduces the purchasing power of Australian women, which is bad for Australian businesses and the economy. Fixing the gender pay gap requires leadership and commitment."
Vice-Chancellor statement on equal pay day 2022 - 29 August
"Today is National Equal Pay Day, which marks the average additional 60 days from the end of the previous financial year that a woman must work to earn the same as a man. This year, the Workplace Gender Equality Agency (WGEA) reported that the average national gender pay gap increased by 0.3% to 14.1%. This gap compounds over a lifetime to see women retiring with on average 40% less super than their male colleagues.
In a time of expanding inflation, the Workplace Gender Equality Agency (WGEA) is calling attention to the disproportionate effect this persistent pay gap has for Australian women as they juggle the increased costs of daily living. The substantial difference in pay impacts Australian women’s financial freedom and ability to build their future financial independence. As a Pay Equity Ambassador, I encourage staff to be informed of the ongoing issues that lead to the continued gender pay gap in Australia.
Improving gender equity across our University means that all students and staff feel empowered to achieve their potential. At Western Sydney University, we continue to review our pay data to identify areas of concern. We have made a commitment to continual improvement in the representation of women in management positions and have established provisions, support networks and programs for parents, carers and emerging leaders to support inclusive practice and career progression."
Vice-Chancellor - Pay Equity Ambassador
On Equal Pay Day in 2015 the Vice-Chancellor was named a Pay Equity Ambassador as part of the Workplace Gender Equality Agency's campaign to raise awareness and understanding of the importance of pay equity.
In renewing this commitment in 2018, the Vice-Chancellor has joined with prominent business leaders in calling for action to close the pay gap between men and women and signed the following statement:
The Pay Equity Pledge
"We recognise gender bias can creep into performance, talent development and pay decisions to create like for like gender pay gaps. That's why we analyse and monitor our talent management data, including pay, by gender and take action. We also set the expectation among people managers that they address gender bias in their decision making. We do this because we know we can't attract and retain the best people and improve workplace productivity if there's any unfairness or perception of unfairness in our workplaces. We encourage all business leaders to take the first step. Equal pay is in your hands."
The Gender Pay Gap Explained
Online tools to assist women in employment negotiations
WGEA have released the Gender and Negotiation in the Workplace paper. This paper gives insight into existing research on the impact engagement in salary negotiation has long-term impacts on salary differentials. It also reviews the overall processes around workplace negotiation, and provides advice and suggestions for employers and individuals around navigating these situations skilfully.
EconomicSecurity4Women have launched an online 'Know Your Value' resource to help women when negotiating pay and employment conditions and entering into contracts. The online checklist designed specifically for women provides advice on how to confidently negotiate around pay and conditions, promotions, working arrangements and learning and development opportunities.