Professor Benjamin Smith

Professor Benjamin Smith

Director of Research,
Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment

Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment



  • PhD University of Otago

Organisational Unit (School / Division)

  • Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment
  • Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment


Phone: (02) 4570 1647
Mobile: 0404750650
Location: R2.G.63

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  • Luo, Y. and Smith, B. (2023), 'Land Carbon Cycle Modeling: Matrix Approach, Data Assimilation, and Ecological Forecasting', : CRC Press 9781498737012.

Journal Articles

  • Holm, J., Medvigy, D., Smith, B., Dukes, J., Beier, C., Mishurov, M., Xu, X., Lichstein, J., Allen, C., Larsen, K., Luo, Y., Ficken, C., Pockman, W., Anderegg, W. and Rammig, A. (2023), 'Exploring the impacts of unprecedented climate extremes on forest ecosystems : hypotheses to guide modeling and experimental studies', Biogeosciences, vol 20, no 11 , pp 2117 - 2142.
  • Teckentrup, L., De Kauwe, M., Abramowitz, G., Pitman, A., Ukkola, A., Hobeichi, S., Francois, B. and Smith, B. (2023), 'Opening Pandora's box : reducing global circulation model uncertainty in Australian simulations of the carbon cycle', Earth System Dynamics, vol 14, no 3 , pp 549 - 576.
  • Knauer, J., Cuntz, M., Smith, B., Canadell, J., Medlyn, B., Bennett, A., Caldararu, S. and Haverd, V. (2023), 'Higher global gross primary productivity under future climate with more advanced representations of photosynthesis', Science Advances, vol 9, no 46 .
  • Gregor, K., Knoke, T., Krause, A., Reyer, C., Lindeskog, M., Papastefanou, P., Smith, B., Lans?, A. and Rammig, A. (2022), 'Trade-offs for climate-smart forestry in Europe under uncertain future climate', Earth's Future, vol 10, no 9 .
  • Cano, I., Shevliakova, E., Malyshev, S., John, J., Yu, Y., Smith, B. and Pacala, S. (2022), 'Abrupt loss and uncertain recovery from fires of Amazon forests under low climate mitigation scenarios', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol 119, no 52 .
  • Belda, D., Anthoni, P., Warlind, D., Olin, S., Schurgers, G., Tang, J., Smith, B. and Arneth, A. (2022), 'LPJ-GUESS/LSMv1.0 : a next-generation land surface model with high ecological realism', Geoscientific Model Development, vol 15, no 17 , pp 6709 - 6745.
  • Smith, B. (2022), 'Declining global leaf nitrogen content : smart resource use by flexible plants?', New Phytologist, vol 235, no 5 , pp 1683 - 1685.
  • Doscher, R., Acosta, M., Alessandri, A., Anthoni, P., Arsouze, T., Bergman, T., Bernardello, R., Boussetta, S., Caron, L., Carver, G., Castrillo, M., Catalano, F., Cvijanovic, I., Davini, P., Dekker, E., Doblas-Reyes, F., Docquier, D., Echevarria, P., Fladrich, U., Fuentes-Franco, R., Groger, M., Hardenberg, J., Hieronymus, J., Karami, M., Keskinen, J., Koenigk, T., Makkonen, R., Massonnet, F., Menegoz, M., Miller, P., Moreno-Chamarro, E., Nieradzik, L., van Noije, T., Nolan, P., O'Donnell, D., Ollinaho, P., Van Den Oord, G., Ortega, P., Tinto Prims, O., Ramos, A., Reerink, T., Rousset, C., Ruprich-Robert, Y., Le Sager, P., Schmith, T., Schrodner, R., Serva, F., Sicardi, V., Madsen, M., Smith, B., Tian, T., Tourigny, E., Uotila, P., Vancoppenolle, M., Wang, S., Warlind, D., Willen, U., Wyser, K., Yang, S., Yepes-Arbos, X. and Zhang, Q. (2022), 'The EC-Earth3 earth system model for the Coupled Model Intercomparison Project 6', Geoscientific Model Development, vol 15, no 7 , pp 2973 - 3020.
  • Scheel, M., Lindeskog, M., Smith, B., Suvanto, S. and Pugh, T. (2022), 'Increased Central European forest mortality explained by higher harvest rates driven by enhanced productivity', Environmental Research Letters, vol 17, no 11 .
  • Luo, Y., Huang, Y., Sierra, C., Xia, J., Ahlstrom, A., Chen, Y., Hararuk, O., Hou, E., Jiang, L., Liao, C., Lu, X., Shi, Z., Smith, B., Tao, F. and Wang, Y. (2022), 'Matrix approach to land carbon cycle modeling', Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, vol 14, no 7 .
  • Qiu, C., Ciais, P., Zhu, D., Guenet, B., Chang, J., Chaudhary, N., Kleinen, T., Li, X., Muller, J., Xi, Y., Zhang, W., Ballantyne, A., Brewer, S., Brovkin, V., Charman, D., Gustafson, A., Gallego-Sala, A., Gasser, T., Holden, J., Joos, F., Kwon, M., Lauerwald, R., Miller, P., Peng, S., Page, S., Smith, B., Stocker, B., Sannel, A., Salmon, E., Schurgers, G., Shurpali, N., Warlind, D. and Westermann, S. (2022), 'A strong mitigation scenario maintains climate neutrality of northern peatlands', One Earth, vol 5, no 1 , pp 86 - 97.
  • Lu, Z., Zhang, Q., Miller, P., Zhang, Q., Berntell, E. and Smith, B. (2021), 'Impacts of large-scale Sahara solar farms on global climate and vegetation cover', Geophysical Research Letters, vol 48, no 2 .
  • Akperov, M., Zhang, W., Miller, P., Mokhov, I., Semenov, V., Matthes, H., Smith, B. and Rinke, A. (2021), 'Responses of Arctic cyclones to biogeophysical feedbacks under future warming scenarios in a regional Earth system model', Environmental Research Letters, vol 16, no 6 .
  • Teckentrup, L., Teckentrup, L., De Kauwe, M., Pitman, A. and Smith, B. (2021), 'Examining the sensitivity of the terrestrial carbon cycle to the expression of El Ni?o', Biogeosciences, vol 18, no 6 , pp 2181 - 2203.
  • Wu, M., Smith, B., Schurgers, G., Ahlstrom, A. and Rummukainen, M. (2021), 'Vegetation-climate feedbacks enhance spatial heterogeneity of Pan-Amazonian ecosystem states under climate change', Geophysical Research Letters, vol 48, no 8 .
  • Falster, D., Gallagher, R., Wenk, E., Wright, I., Indiarto, D., Andrew, S., Baxter, C., Lawson, J., Allen, S., Fuchs, A., Monro, A., Kar, F., Adams, M., Ahrens, C., Alfonzetti, M., Angevin, T., Apgaua, D., Arndt, S., Atkin, O., Atkinson, J., Auld, T., Baker, A., Von Balthazar, M., Bean, A., Blackman, C., Bloomfeld, K., Bowman, D., Bragg, J., Brodribb, T., Buckton, G., Burrows, G., Caldwell, E., Camac, J., Carpenter, R., Catford, J., Cawthray, G., Cernusak, L., Chandler, G., Chapman, A., Cheal, D., Cheesman, A., Chen, S., Choat, B., Clinton, B., Clode, P., Coleman, H., Cornwell, W., Cosgrove, M., Crisp, M., Cross, E., Crous, K., Cunningham, S., Curran, T., Curtis, E., Daws, M., DeGabriel, J., Denton, M., Dong, N., Du, P., Duan, H., Duncan, D., Duncan, R., Duretto, M., Dwyer, J., Edwards, C., Esperon-Rodriguez, M., Evans, J., Everingham, S., Farrell, C., Firn, J., Fonseca, C., French, B., Frood, D., Funk, J., Geange, S., Ghannoum, O., Gleason, S., Gosper, C., Gray, E., Groom, P., Grootemaat, S., Gross, C., Guerin, G., Guja, L., Hahs, A., Harrison, M., Hayes, P., Henery, M., Hochuli, D., Howell, J., Huang, G., Hughes, L., Huisman, J., Ilic, J., Jagdish, A., Jin, D., Jordan, G., Jurado, E., Kanowski, J., Kasel, S., Kellermann, J., Kenny, B., Kohout, M., Kooyman, R., Kotowska, M., Lai, H., Laliberte, E., Lambers, H., Lamont, B., Lanfear, R., Van Langevelde, F., Laughlin, D., Laugier-Kitchener, B., Laurance, S., Lehmann, C., Leigh, A., Leishman, M., Lenz, T., Lepschi, B., Lewis, J., Lim, F., Liu, U., Lord, J., Lusk, C., Macinnis-Ng, C., McPherson, H., Magallon, S., Manea, A., Lopez-Martinez, A., Mayfeld, M., McCarthy, J., Meers, T., Van der Merwe, M., Metcalfe, D., Milberg, P., Mokany , K., Moles, A., Moore, B., Moore, N., Morgan, J., Morris, W., Muir, A., Munroe, S., Nicholson, A., Nicolle, D., Nicotra, A., Niinemets, U., North, T., O?Reilly-Nugent, A., O?Sullivan, O., Oberle, B., Onoda, Y., Ooi, M., Osborne, C., Paczkowska, G., Pekin, B., Guilherme Pereira, C., Pickering, C., Pickup, M., Pollock, L., Poot, P., Powell, J., Power, S., Prentice, I., Prior, L., Prober, S., Read, J., Reynolds, V., Richards, A., Richardson, B., Roderick, M., Rosell, J., Rossetto, M., Rye, B., Rymer, P., Sams, M., Sanson, G., Sauquet, H., Schmidt, S., Schonenberger, J., Schulze, E., Sendall, K., Sinclair, S., Smith, B., Smith, R., Soper , F., Sparrow, B., Standish, R., Staples, T., Stephens, R., Szota, C., Taseski, G., Tasker, E., Thomas, F., Tissue, D., Tjoelker, M. and et al, .. (2021), 'AusTraits : a curated plant trait database for the Australian flora', Scientific Data, vol 8, no 1 .
  • Gustafson, A., Miller, P., Bjork, R., Olin, S. and Smith, B. (2021), 'Nitrogen restricts future sub-Arctic treeline advance in an individual-based dynamic vegetation model', Biogeosciences, vol 18, no 23 , pp 6329 - 6347.
  • Lindeskog, M., Smith, B., Lagergren, F., Sycheva, E., Ficko, A., Pretzsch, H. and Rammig, A. (2021), 'Accounting for forest management in the estimation of forest carbon balance using the dynamic vegetation model LPJ-GUESS (v4.0, r9710) : Implementation and evaluation of simulations for Europe', Geoscientific Model Development, vol 14, no 10 , pp 6071 - 6112.
  • Haverd, V., Smith, B., Canadell, J., Cuntz, M., Mikaloff-Fletcher, S., Farquhar, G., Woodgate, W., Briggs, P. and Trudinger, C. (2020), 'Higher than expected CO2 fertilization inferred from leaf to global observations', Global Change Biology, vol 26, no 4 , pp 2390 - 2402.
  • Jiang, M., Medlyn, B., Drake, J., Duursma, R., Anderson, I., Barton, C., Boer, M., Carrillo, Y., Castaneda-Gomez, L., Collins, L., Crous, K., De Kauwe, M., Santos, B., Emerson, K., Facey, S., Gherlenda, A., Gimeno, T., Hasegawa, S., Johnson, S., Kannaste, A., Macdonald, C., Mahmud, K., Moore, B., Nazaries, L., Neilson, E., Nielsen, U., Niinemets, U., Noh, N., Ochoa-Hueso, R., Pathare, V., Pendall, E., Pihlblad, J., Pineiro, J., Powell, J., Power, S., Reich, P., Renchon, A., Riegler, M., Rinnan, R., Rymer, P., Salomon, R., Singh, B., Smith, B., Tjoelker, M., Walker, J., Wujeska-Klause, A., Yang, J., Zaehle, S. and Ellsworth, D. (2020), 'The fate of carbon in a mature forest under carbon dioxide enrichment', Nature, vol 580 , pp 227 - 231.
  • Zhang, W., Doscher, R., Koenigk, T., Miller, P., Jansson, C., Samuelsson, P., Wu, M. and Smith, B. (2020), 'The interplay of recent vegetation and sea ice dynamics : results from a regional Earth system model over the Arctic', Geophysical Research Letters, vol 47, no 6 .
  • Venkatappa, M., Anantsuksomsri, S., Castillo, J., Smith, B. and Sasaki, N. (2020), 'Mapping the natural distribution of bamboo and related carbon stocks in the tropics using Google Earth Engine, Phenological Behavior, Landsat 8, and Sentinel-2', Remote Sensing, vol 12 .
  • Chaudhary, N., Westermann, S., Lamba, S., Shurpali, N., Sannel, A., Schurgers, G., Miller, P. and Smith, B. (2020), 'Modelling past and future peatland carbon dynamics across the pan-Arctic', Global Change Biology, vol 26, no 7 , pp 4119 - 4133.
  • Pugh, T., Rademacher, T., Shafer, S., Steinkamp, J., Barichivich, J., Beckage, B., Haverd, V., Harper, A., Heinke, J., Nishina, K., Rammig, A., Sato, H., Arneth, A., Hantson, S., Hickler, T., Kautz, M., Quesada, B., Smith, B. and Thonicke, K. (2020), 'Understanding the uncertainty in global forest carbon turnover', Biogeosciences, vol 17, no 15 , pp 3961 - 3989.
  • Davies-Barnard, T., Meyerholt, J., Zaehle, S., Friedlingstein, P., Brovkin, V., Fan, Y., Fisher, R., Jones, C., Lee, H., Peano, D., Smith, B., Warlind, D. and Wiltshire, A. (2020), 'Nitrogen cycling in CMIP6 land surface models : progress and limitations', Biogeosciences, vol 17, no 20 , pp 5129 - 5148.
  • Venkatappa, M., Sasaki, N., Anantsuksomsri, S. and Smith, B. (2020), 'Applications of the Google Earth Engine and phenology-based threshold classification method for mapping forest cover and carbon stock changes in Siem Reap province, Cambodia', Remote Sensing, vol 12, no 18 .
  • Pugh, T., Lindeskog, M., Smith, B., Poulter, B., Arneth, A., Haverd, V. and Calle, L. (2019), 'Role of forest regrowth in global carbon sink dynamics', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol 116, no 10 , pp 4382 - 4387.
  • Wu, Z., Hugelius, G., Luo, Y., Smith, B., Xia, J., Fensholt, R., Lehsten, V. and Ahlstrom, A. (2019), 'Approaching the potential of model-data comparisons of global land carbon storage', Scientific Reports, vol 9, no 1 .
  • Pugh, T., Arneth, A., Kautz, M., Poulter, B. and Smith, B. (2019), 'Important role of forest disturbances in the global biomass turnover and carbon sinks', Nature Geoscience, vol 12, no 9 , pp 730 - 735.
  • Lu, Z., Miller, P., Zhang, Q., Warlind, D., Nieradzik, L., Sjolte, J., Li, Q. and Smith, B. (2019), 'Vegetation pattern and terrestrial carbon variation in past warm and cold climates', Geophysical Research Letters, vol 46, no 14 , pp 8133 - 8143.
  • Fisher, R., Koven, C., Anderegg, W., Christoffersen, B., Dietze, M., Farrior, C., Holm, J., Hurtt, G., Knox, R., Lawrence, P., Lichstein, J., Longo, M., Matheny, A., Medvigy, D., Muller-Landau, H., Powell, T., Serbin, S., Sato, H., Shuman, J., Smith, B., Trugman, A., Viskari, T., Verbeeck, H., Weng, E., Xu, C., Xu, X., Zhang, T. and Moorcroft, P. (2018), 'Vegetation demographics in Earth System Models : a review of progress and priorities', Global Change Biology, vol 24, no 1 , pp 35 - 54.
  • Chaudhary, N., Miller, P. and Smith, B. (2018), 'Biotic and abiotic drivers of peatland growth and microtopography : a model demonstration', Ecosystems, vol 21, no 6 , pp 1196 - 1214.
  • Haverd, V., Smith, B., Nieradzik, L., Briggs, P., Woodgate, W., Trudinger, C., Canadell, J. and Cuntz, M. (2018), 'A new version of the CABLE land surface model (Subversion revision r4601) incorporating land use and land cover change, woody vegetation demography, and a novel optimisation-based approach to plant coordination of photosynethesis', Geoscientific Model Development, vol 11, no 7 , pp 2995 - 3026.
  • Lu, Z., Miller, P., Zhang, Q., Zhang, Q., Warlind, D., Nieradzik, L., Sjolte, J. and Smith, B. (2018), 'Dynamic vegetation simulations of the mid-Holocene Green Shara', Geophysical Research Letters, vol 45, no 16 , pp 8294 - 8303.
  • Lusk, C., Clearwater, M., Laughlin, D., Harrison, S., Prentice, I., Nordenstahl, M. and Smith, B. (2018), 'Frost and leaf-size gradients in forests : global patterns and experimental evidence', New Phytologist, vol 219, no 2 , pp 565 - 573.
  • Zhang, W., Miller, P., Jansson, C., Samuelsson, P., Mao, J. and Smith, B. (2018), 'Self-amplifying feedbacks accelerate greening and warming of the Arctic', Geophysical Research Letters, vol 45 , pp 7102 - 7111.
  • Parazoo, N., Arneth, A., Pugh, T., Smith, B., Steiner, N., Luus, K., Commane, R., Benmergui, J., Stofferahn, E., Liu, J., Rodenbeck, C., Kawa, R., Euskirchen, E., Zona, D., Arndt, K., Oechel, W. and Miller, C. (2018), 'Spring photosynthetic onset and net CO2 uptake in Alaska triggered by landscape thawing', Global Change Biology, vol 24, no 8 , pp 3416 - 3435.
  • Schurgers, G., Ahlstrom, A., Arneth, A., Pugh, T. and Smith, B. (2018), 'Climate sensitivity controls uncertainty in future terrestrial carbon sink', Geophysical Research Letters, vol 45, no 9 , pp 4329 - 4336.
  • Tang, J., Yurova, A., Schurgers, G., Miller, P., Olin, S., Smith, B., Siewert, M., Olefeldt, D., Pilesjo, P. and Poska, A. (2018), 'Drivers of dissolved organic carbon export in a subarctic catchment : importance of microbial decomposition, sorption-desorption, peatland and lateral flow', Science of the Total Environment, vol 622-623 , pp 260 - 274.
  • Braakhekke, M., Rebel, K., Dekker, S., Smith, B., Beusen, A. and Wassen, M. (2017), 'Nitrogen leaching from natural ecosystems under global change : a modelling study', Earth System Dynamics, vol 8, no 4 , pp 1121 - 1139.
  • Haverd, V., Ahlstrom, A., Smith, B. and Canadell, J. (2017), 'Carbon cycle responses of semi-arid ecosystems to positive asymmetry in rainfall', Global Change Biology, vol 23, no 2 , pp 793 - 800.
  • Engstrom, K., Lindeskog, M., Olin, S., Hassler, J. and Smith, B. (2017), 'Impacts of climate mitigation strategies in the energy sector on global land use and carbon balance', Earth System Dynamics, vol 8, no 3 , pp 773 - 799.
  • Chaudhary, N., Miller, P. and Smith, B. (2017), 'Modelling Holocene peatland dynamics with an individual-based dynamic vegetation model', Biogeosciences, vol 14, no 10 , pp 2571 - 2596.
  • Chaudhary, N., Miller, P. and Smith, B. (2017), 'Modelling past, present and future peatland carbon accumulation across the pan-Arctic region', Biogeosciences, vol 14, no 18 , pp 4023 - 4044.
  • Ahlstrom, A., Schurgers, G. and Smith, B. (2017), 'The large influence of climate model bias on terrestrial carbon cycle simulations', Environmental Research Letters, vol 12, no 1 .
  • Marquer, L., Gaillard, M., Sugita, S., Poska, A., Trondman, A., Mazier, F., Nielsen, A., Fyfe, R., Jonsson, A., Smith, B., Kaplan, J., Alenius, T., Birks, H., Bjuen, A., Christiansen, J., Dodson, J., Edwards, K., Giesecke, T., Herzschuh, U., Kangur, M., Koff, T., Latalowa, M., Lechterbeck, J., Olofsson, J. and Seppa, H. (2017), 'Quantifying the effects of land use and climate on Holocene vegetation in Europe', Quaternary Science Reviews, vol 171 , pp 20 - 37.
  • Whitley, R., Beringer, J., Hutley, L., Abramowitz, G., De Kauwe, M., Evans, B., Haverd, V., Li, L., Moore, C., Ryu, Y., Scheiter, S., Schymanski, S., Smith, B., Wang, Y., Williams, M. and Yu, Q. (2017), 'Challenges and opportunities in land surface modelling of savanna ecosystems', Biogeosciences, vol 14, no 20 , pp 4711 - 4732.
  • Wu, M., Schurgers, G., Ahlstrom, A., Rummukainen, M., Miller, P., Smith, B. and May, W. (2017), 'Impacts of land use on climate and ecosystem productivity over the Amazon and the South American continent', Environmental Research Letters, vol 12, no 5 .
  • Wu, Z., Ahlstrom, A., Smith, B., Ardo, J., Eklundh, L., Fensholt, R. and Lehsten, V. (2017), 'Climate data induced uncertainty in model-based estimations of terrestrial primary productivity', Environmental Research Letters, vol 12, no 6 .
  • Xia, J., McGuire, A., Lawrence, D., Burke, E., Chen, G., Chen, X., Delire, C., Koven, C., MacDougall, A., Peng, S., Rinke, A., Saito, K., Zhang, W., Alkama, R., Bohn, T., Ciais, P., Decharme, B., Gouttevin, I., Hajima, T., Hayes, D., Huang, K., Ji, D., Krinner, G., Lettenmaier, D., Miller, P., Moore, J., Smith, B., Sueyoshi, T., Shi, Z., Yan, L., Liang, J., Jiang, L., Zhang, Q. and Luo, Y. (2017), 'Terrestrial ecosystem model performance in simulating productivity and its vulnerability to climate change in the northern permafrost region', Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, vol 122, no 2 , pp 430 - 446.
  • Norby, R., De Kauwe, M., Domingues, T., Duursma, R., Ellsworth, D., Goll, D., Lapola, D., Luus, K., Mackenzie, A., Medlyn, B. and Smith, B. (2016), 'Model-data synthesis for the next generation of forest free-air CO<inf>2</inf> enrichment (FACE) experiments', New Phytologist, vol 209, no 1 , pp 17 - 28.
  • Medlyn, B., Duursma, R., Crous, K., Drake, J., Gimeno Chocarro, T., Macdonald, C., Power, S., Tjoelker, M., Ellsworth, D., De Kauwe, M., Zaehle, S., Walker, A., Luus, K., Mishurov, M., Pak, B., Smith, B., Wang, Y., Yang, X. and Norby, R. (2016), 'Using models to guide field experiments : a priori predictions for the CO2 response of a nutrient- and water-limited native Eucalypt woodland', Global Change Biology, vol 22, no 8 , pp 2834 - 2851.
  • Whitley, R., Beringer, J., Hutley, L., Abramowitz, G., De Kauwe, M., Duursma, R., Evans, B., Haverd, V., Li, L., Ryu, Y., Smith, B., Wang, Y., Williams, M. and Yu, Q. (2016), 'A model inter-comparison study to examine limiting factors in modelling Australian tropical savannas', Biogeosciences, vol 13, no 11 , pp 3245 - 3265.
  • Wu, M., Schurgers, G., Rummukainen, M., Smith, B., Samuelsson, P., Jansson, C., Siltberg, J. and May, W. (2016), 'Vegetation-climate feedbacks modulate rainfall patterns in Africa under future climate change', Earth System Dynamics, vol 7, no 3 , pp 627 - 647.
  • Pugh, T., Muller, C., Arneth, A., Haverd, V. and Smith, B. (2016), 'Key knowledge and data gaps in modelling the influence of CO2 concentration on the terrestrial carbon sink', Journal of Plant Physiology, vol 203 , pp 3 - 15.
  • McGuire, A., Koven, C., Lawrence, D., Clein, J., Xia, J., Beer, C., Burke, E., Chen, G., Chen, X., Delire, C., Jafarov, E., MacDougall, A., Marchenko, S., Nicolsky, D., Peng, S., Rinke, A., Saito, K., Zhang, W., Alkama, R., Bohn, T., Ciais, P., Decharme, B., Ekici, A., Gouttevin, I., Hajima, T., Hayes, D., Ji, D., Krinner, G., Lettenmaier, D., Luo, Y., Miller, P., Moore, J., Romanovsky, V., Schadel, C., Schaefer, K., Schuur, E., Smith, B., Sueyoshi, T. and Zhuang, Q. (2016), 'Variability in the sensitivity among model simulations of permafrost and carbon dynamics in the permafrost region between 1960 and 2009', Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol 30, no 7 , pp 1015 - 1037.
  • Peng, S., Ciais, P., Krinner, G., Wang, T., Gouttevin, I., McGuire, A., Lawrence, D., Burke, E., Chen, X., Decharme, B., Koven, C., MacDougall, A., Rinke, A., Saito, K., Zhang, W., Alkama, R., Bohn, T., Delire, C., Hajima, T., Ji, D., Lettenmaier, D., Miller, P., Moore, J., Smith, B. and Sueyoshi, T. (2016), 'Simulated high-latitude soil thermal dynamics during the past 4 decades', The Cryosphere, vol 10, no 1 , pp 179 - 192.
  • Haverd, V., Smith, B. and Trudinger, C. (2016), 'Process contributions of Australian ecosystems to interannual variations in the carbon cycle', Environmental Research Letters, vol 11, no 5 .
  • Wang, W., Rinke, A., Moore, J., Ji, D., Cui, X., Peng, S., Lawrence, D., McGuire, A., Burke, E., Chen, X., Decharme, B., Koven, C., MacDougall, A., Saito, K., Zhang, W., Alkama, R., Bohn, T., Ciais, P., Delire, C., Gouttevin, I., Hajima, T., Krinner, G., Lettenmaier, D., Miller, P., Smith, B., Sueyoshi, T. and Sherstiukov, A. (2016), 'Evaluation of air-soil temperature relationships simulated by land surface models during winter across the permafrost region', The Cryosphere, vol 10, no 4 , pp 1721 - 1737.
  • Haverd, V., Smith, B., Raupach, M., Briggs, P., Nieradzik, L., Beringer, J., Hutley, L., Trudinger, C. and Cleverly, J. (2016), 'Coupling carbon allocation with leaf and root phenology predicts tree-grass partitioning along a savanna rainfall gradient', Biogeosciences, vol 13, no 3 , pp 761 - 779.
  • Haverd, V., Smith, B. and Trudinger, C. (2016), 'Dryland vegetation response to wet episode, not inherent shift in sensitivity to rainfall, behind Australia's role in 2011 global carbon sink anomaly', Global Change Biology, vol 22, no 7 , pp 2315 - 2316.
  • Rawlins, M., McGuire, A., Kimball, J., Dass, P., Lawrence, D., Burke, E., Chen, X., Delire, C., Koven, C., MacDougall, A., Peng, S., Rinke, A., Saito, K., Zhang, W., Alkama, R., Bohn, T., Ciais, P., Decharme, B., Gouttevin, I., Hajima, T., Ji, D., Krinner, G., Lettenmaier, D., Miller, P., Moore, J., Smith, B. and Sueyoshi, T. (2015), 'Assessment of model estimates of land-atmosphere CO2 exchange across Northern Eurasia', Biogeosciences, vol 12, no 14 , pp 4385 - 4405.
  • Ahlstrom, A., Xia, J., Arneth, A., Luo, Y. and Smith, B. (2015), 'Importance of vegetation dynamics for future terrestrial carbon cycling', Environmental Research Letters, vol 10, no 5 .
  • Olin, S., Lindeskog, M., Pugh, T., Schurgers, G., Warlind, D., Mishurov, M., Zaehle, S., Stocker, B., Smith, B. and Arneth, A. (2015), 'Soil carbon management in large-scale Earth system modelling : implications for crop yields and nitrogen leaching', Earth System Dynamics, vol 6, no 2 , pp 745 - 768.
  • Jonsson, A., Lagergren, F. and Smith, B. (2015), 'Forest management facing climate change : an ecosystem model analysis of adaptation strategies', Mitigation and Adaptation Strategies for Global Change, vol 20, no 2 , pp 201 - 220.
  • Olin, S., Schurgers, G., Lindeskog, M., Warlind, D., Smith, B., Bodin, P., Holmer, J. and Arneth, A. (2015), 'Modelling the response of yields and tissue C : N to changes in atmospheric CO2 and N management in the main wheat regions of western Europe', Biogeosciences, vol 12, no 8 , pp 2489 - 2515.
  • Fleischer, K., Warlind, D., Van der Molen, M., Rebel, K., Arneth, A., Erisman, J., Wassen, M., Smith, B., Gough, C., Margolis, H., Cescatti, A., Montagnani, L., Arain, A. and Dolman, A. (2015), 'Low historical nitrogen deposition effect on carbon sequestration in the boreal zone', Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, vol 120, no 12 , pp 2542 - 2561.
  • Sitch, S., Friedlingstein, P., Gruber, N., Jones, S., Murray-Tortarolo, G., Ahlstrom, A., Doney, S., Graven, H., Heinze, C., Huntingford, C., Levis, S., Levy, P., Lomas, M., Poulter, B., Viovy, N., Zaehle, S., Zeng, N., Arneth, A., Bonan, G., Bopp, L., Canadell, J., Chevallier, F., Ciais, P., Ellis, R., Gloor, M., Peylin, P., Piao, S., Le Quere, C., Smith, B., Zhu, Z. and Myneni, R. (2015), 'Recent trends and drivers of regional sources and sinks of carbon dioxide', Biogeosciences, vol 12, no 3 , pp 653 - 679.
  • Ahlstrom, A., Raupach, M., Schurgers, G., Smith, B., Arneth, A., Jung, M., Reichstein, M., Canadell, J., Friedlingstein, P., Jain, A., Kato, E., Poulter, B., Sitch, S., Stocker, B., Viovy, N., Wang, Y., Wiltshire, A., Zaehle, S. and Zeng, N. (2015), 'The dominant role of semi-arid ecosystems in the trend and variability of the land CO2 sink', Science, vol 348, no 6237 , pp 895 - 899.
  • Tang, J., Miller, P., Persson, A., Olefeldt, D., Pilesjo, P., Heliasz, M., Jackowicz-Korczynski, M., Yang, Z., Smith, B., Callaghan, T. and Christensen, T. (2015), 'Carbon budget estimation of a subarctic catchment using a dynamic ecosystem model at high spatial resolution', Biogeosciences, vol 12, no 9 , pp 2791 - 2808.
  • Warlind, D., Smith, B., Hickler, T. and Arneth, A. (2014), 'Nitrogen feedbacks increase future terrestrial ecosystem carbon uptake in an individual-based dynamic vegetation model', Biogeosciences, vol 11, no 21 , pp 6131 - 6146.
  • Haverd, V., Smith, B., Nieradzik, L. and Briggs, P. (2014), 'A stand-alone tree demography and landscape structure module for Earth system models : integration with inventory data from temperate and boreal forests', Biogeosciences, vol 11, no 15 , pp 4039 - 4055.
  • Weiss, M., Miller, P., Van den Hurk, B., Van Noije, T., Stefanescu, S., Haarsma, R., Van Ulft, L., Hazeleger, W., Le Sager, P., Smith, B. and Schurgers, G. (2014), 'Contribution of dynamic vegetation phenology to decadal climate predictability', Journal of Climate, vol 27, no 22 , pp 8563 - 8577.
  • Strandberg, G., Kjellstrom, E., Poska, A., Wagner, S., Gaillard, M., Trondman, A., Mauri, A., Davis, B., Kaplan, J., Birks, H., Bjune, A., Fyfe, R., Giesecke, T., Kalnina, L., Kangur, M., Knaap, W., Kokfelt, U., Kunes, P., Latalowa, M., Marquer, L., Mazier, F., Nielsen, A., Smith, B., Seppa, H. and Sugita, S. (2014), 'Regional climate model simulations for Europe at 6 and 0.2 k BP : sensitivity to changes in anthropogenic deforestation', Climate of the Past, vol 10, no 2 , pp 661 - 680.
  • Pirzamanbein, B., Lindstrom, J., Poska, A., Sugita, S., Trondman, A., Fyfe, R., Mazier, F., Nielsen, A., Kaplan, J., Bjune, A., Birks, H., Giesecke, T., Kangur, M., Latalowa, M., Marquer, L., Smith, B. and Gaillard, M. (2014), 'Creating spatially continuous maps of past land cover from point estimates : a new statistical approach applied to pollen data', Ecological Complexity, vol 20 , pp 127 - 141.
  • Smith, B., Warlind, D., Arneth, A., Hickler, T., Leadley, P., Siltberg, J. and Zaehle, S. (2014), 'Implications of incorporating N cycling and N limitations on primary production in an individual-based dynamic vegetation model', Biogeosciences, vol 11, no 7 , pp 2027 - 2054.
  • Zhang, W., Jansson, C., Miller, P., Smith, B. and Samuelsson, P. (2014), 'Biogeophysical feedbacks enhance the Arctic terrestrial carbon sink in regional Earth system dynamics', Biogeosciences, vol 11, no 19 , pp 5503 - 5519.
  • Tang, G., Beckage, B. and Smith, B. (2014), 'Potential future dynamics of carbon fluxes and pools in New England forests and their climatic sensitivities : a model-based study', Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol 28, no 3 , pp 286 - 299.
  • Omstedt, A., Humborg, C., Pempkowiak, J., Perttila, M., Rutgersson, A., Schneider, B. and Smith, B. (2014), 'Biogeochemical control of the coupled CO2-O2 system of the Baltic Sea : a review of the results of Baltic-C', Ambio, vol 43, no 1 , pp 49 - 59.
  • Kauwe, M., Medlyn, B., Zaehle, S., Walker, A., Dietze, M., Hickler, T., Jain, A., Luo, Y., Parton, W., Prentice, I., Smith, B., Thornton, P., Wang, S., Wang, Y., W?rlind, D., Weng, E., Crous, K., Ellsworth, D., Hanson, P., Kim, H., Warren, J., Oren, R. and Norby, R. (2013), 'Forest water use and water use efficiency at elevated CO2 : a model-data intercomparison at two contrasting temperate forest FACE sites', Global Change Biology, vol 19, no 6 , pp 1759 - 1779.
  • Zhang, W., Miller, P., Smith, B., Wania, R., Koenigk, T. and Doscher, R. (2013), 'Tundra shrubification and tree-line advance amplify arctic climate warming : results from an individual-based dynamic vegetation model', Environmental Research Letters, vol 8, no 3 .
  • Snell, R., Cowling, S. and Smith, B. (2013), 'Simulating regional vegetation-climate dynamics for middle America : tropical versus temperate applications', Biotropica, vol 45, no 5 , pp 567 - 577.
  • Tagesson, T., Mastepanov, M., Molder, M., Tanstorf, M., Eklundh, L., Smith, B., Sigsgaard, C., Lund, M., Ekberg, A., Falk, J., Friborg, T., Christensen, T. and Strom, L. (2013), 'Modelling of growing season methane fluxes in a high-Arctic wet tundra ecosystem 1997-2010 using in situ and high-resolution satellite data', Tellus Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, vol 65, no 1 .
  • Lindeskog, M., Arneth, A., Bondeau, A., Waha, K., Seaquist, J., Olin, S. and Smith, B. (2013), 'Implications of accounting for land use in simulations of ecosystem carbon cycling in Africa', Earth System Dynamics, vol 4, no 2 , pp 385 - 407.
  • Haverd, V., Smith, B., Cook, G., Briggs, P., Nieradzik, L., Roxburgh, S., Liedloff, A., Meyer, C. and Canadell, J. (2013), 'A stand-alone tree demography and landscape structure module for Earth system models', Geophysical Research Letters, vol 40, no 19 , pp 5234 - 5239.
  • Ahlstrom, A., Smith, B., Lindstrom, J., Rummukainen, M. and Uvo, C. (2013), 'GCM characteristics explain the majority of uncertainty in projected 21st century terrestrial ecosystem carbon balance', Biogeosciences, vol 10, no 3 , pp 1517 - 1528.
  • Lagergren, F., Jonsson, A., Blennow, K. and Smith, B. (2012), 'Implementing storm damage in a dynamic vegetation model for regional applications in Sweden', Ecological Modelling, vol 247 , pp 71 - 82.
  • Omstedt, A., Edman, M., Claremar, B., Frodin, P., Gustafsson, E., Humborg, C., Hagg, H., Morth, M., Rutgersson, A., Schurgers, G., Smith, B., Wallstedt, T. and Yurova, A. (2012), 'Future changes in the Baltic Sea acid-base (pH) and oxygen balances', Tellus Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology, vol 64, no 1 .
  • Jonsson, A., Schroeder, L., Lagergren, F., Anderbrant, O. and Smith, B. (2012), 'Guess the impact of Ips typographus : an ecosystem modelling approach for simulating spruce bark beetle outbreaks', Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol 166-167 , pp 188 - 200.
  • Miller, P. and Smith, B. (2012), 'Modelling tundra vegetation response to recent Arctic warming', Ambio, vol 41, no Supplement 3 , pp 281 - 291.
  • Ahlstrom, A., Miller, P. and Smith, B. (2012), 'Too early to infer a global NPP decline since 2000', Geophysical Research Letters, vol 39, no 15 .
  • Tang, G., Beckage, B. and Smith, B. (2012), 'The potential transient dynamics of forests in New England under historical and projected future climate change', Climatic Change, vol 114, no 2 , pp 357 - 377.
  • Ahlstrom, A., Schurgers, G., Arneth, A. and Smith, B. (2012), 'Robustness and uncertainty in terrestrial ecosystem carbon response to CMIP5 climate change projections', Environmental Research Letters, vol 7, no 4 .
  • Hickler, T., Vohland, K., Feehan, J., Miller, P., Smith, B., Costa, L., Giesecke, T., Fronzek, S., Carter, T., Cramer, W., Kuhn, I. and Sykes, M. (2012), 'Projecting the future distribution of European potential natural vegetation zones with a generalized, tree species-based dynamic vegetation model', Global Ecology and Biogeography, vol 21, no 1 , pp 50 - 63.
  • Smith, B., Samuelsson, P., Wramneby, A. and Rummukainen, M. (2011), 'A model of the coupled dynamics of climate, vegetation and terrestrial ecosystem biogeochemistry for regional applications', Tellus Series A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, vol 63, no 1 , pp 87 - 106.
  • Strandberg, G., Brandefelt, J., Kjellstrom, E. and Smith, B. (2011), 'High-resolution regional simulation of last glacial maximum climate in Europe', Tellus Series A: Dynamic Meteorology and Oceanography, vol 63, no 1 , pp 107 - 125.
  • Doherty, R., Sitch, S., Smith, B., Lewis, S. and Thornton, P. (2010), 'Implications of future climate and atmospheric CO2 content for regional biogeochemistry, biogeography and ecosystem services across East Africa', Global Change Biology, vol 16, no 2 , pp 617 - 640.
  • Gaillard, M., Sugita, S., Mazier, F., Trondman, A., Brostrom, A., Hickler, T., Kaplan, J., Kjellstrom, E., Kokfelt, U., Kunes, P., Lemmen, C., Miller, P., Olofsson, J., Poska, A., Rundgren, M., Smith, B., Strandberg, G., Fyfe, R., Nielsen, A., Alenius, T., Balakauskas, L., Barnekow, L., Birks, H., Bjune, A., Bjorkman, L., Giesecke, T., Hjelle, K., Kalnina, L., Kangur, M., Knaap, W., Koff, T., Lageras, P., Latalowa, M., Leydet, M., Lechterbeck, J., Lindbladh, M., Odgaard, B., Peglar, S., Segerstrom, U., Stedingk, H. and Seppa, H. (2010), 'Holocene land-cover reconstructions for studies on land cover-climate feedbacks', Climate of the Past, vol 6, no 4 , pp 483 - 499.
  • Rammig, A., Jonsson, A., Hickler, T., Smith, B., Barring, L. and Sykes, M. (2010), 'Impacts of changing frost regimes on Swedish forests : incorporating cold hardiness in a regional ecosystem model', Ecological Modelling, vol 221, no 2 , pp 303 - 313.
  • Tang, G., Beckage, B., Smith, B. and Miller, P. (2010), 'Estimating potential forest NPP, biomass and their climatic sensitivity in New England using a dynamic ecosystem model', Ecosphere, vol 1, no 6 , pp 1 - 20.
  • Kjellstrom, E., Brandefelt, J., Naslund, J., Smith, B., Strandberg, G., Voelker, A. and Wohlfarth, B. (2010), 'Simulated climate conditions in Europe during the Marine Isotope Stage 3 stadial', Boreas, vol 39, no 2 , pp 436 - 456.
  • Wramneby, A., Smith, B. and Samuelsson, P. (2010), 'Hot spots of vegetation-climate feedbacks under future greenhouse forcing in Europe', Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol 115, no 21 .
  • Lehsten, V., Tansey, K., Balzter, H., Thonicke, K., Spessa, A., Weber, U., Smith, B. and Arneth, A. (2009), 'Estimating carbon emissions from African wildfires', Biogeosciences, vol 6, no 3 , pp 349 - 360.
  • Tagesson, T., Smith, B., Lofgren, A., Rammig, A., Eklundh, L. and Lindroth, A. (2009), 'Estimating net primary production of Swedish forest landscapes by combining mechanistic modeling and remote sensing', Ambio, vol 38, no 6 , pp 316 - 324.
  • Knapp, A., Beier, C., Briske, D., Classen, A., Luo, Y., Reichstein, M., Smith, M., Smith, S., Bell, J., Fay, P., Heisler-White, J., Leavitt, S., Sherry, R., Smith, B. and Weng, E. (2008), 'Consequences of more extreme precipitation regimes for terrestrial ecosystems', BioScience, vol 58, no 9 , pp 811 - 821.
  • Hickler, T., Smith, B., Prentice, I., Mjofors, K., Miller, P., Arneth, A. and Sykes, M. (2008), 'CO2 fertilization in temperate FACE experiments not representative of boreal and tropical forests', Global Change Biology, vol 14, no 7 , pp 1531 - 1542.
  • Miller, P., Giesecke, T., Hickler, T., Bradshaw, R., Smith, B., Seppa, H., Valdes, P. and Sykes, M. (2008), 'Exploring climatic and biotic controls on Holocene vegetation change in Fennoscandia', Journal of Ecology, vol 96, no 2 , pp 247 - 259.
  • Smith, B., Knorr, W., Widlowski, J., Pinty, B. and Gobron, N. (2008), 'Combining remote sensing data with process modelling to monitor boreal conifer forest carbon balances', Forest Ecology and Management, vol 255, no 12 , pp 3985 - 3994.
  • Wramneby, A., Smith, B., Zaehle, S. and Sykes, M. (2008), 'Parameter uncertainties in the modelling of vegetation dynamics : effects on tree community structure and ecosystem functioning in European forest biomes', Ecological Modelling, vol 216, no 3-4 , pp 277 - 290.
  • Olesen, J., Carter, T., Diaz-Ambrona, C., Fronzek, S., Heidmann, T., Hickler, T., Holt, T., Minguez, M., Morales, P., Palutikof, J., Quemada, M., Ruiz-Ramos, M., Rubaek, G., Sau, F., Smith, B. and Sykes, M. (2007), 'Uncertainties in projected impacts of climate change on European agriculture and terrestrial ecosystems based on scenarios from regional climate models', Climatic Change, vol 81, no Suppl. 1 , pp 123 - 143.
  • Arneth, A., Niinemets, U., Pressley, S., Back, J., Hari, P., Karl, T., Noe, S., Prentice, I., Serca, D., Hickler, T., Wolf, A. and Smith, B. (2007), 'Process-based estimates of terrestrial ecosystem isoprene emissions : incorporating the effects of a direct CO2-isoprene interaction', Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, vol 7, no 1 , pp 31 - 53.
  • Bondeau, A., Smith, P., Zaehle, S., Schaphoff, S., Lucht, W., Cramer, W., Gerten, D., Lotze-Campen, H., Muller, C., Reichstein, M. and Smith, B. (2007), 'Modelling the role of agriculture for the 20th century global terrestrial carbon balance', Global Change Biology, vol 13, no 3 , pp 679 - 706.
  • Sasaki, N. and Smith, B. (2007), 'Potential carbon sequestration in Japanese forests during the first commitment period of the Kyoto protocol', The FORMATH, vol 7, no 1 , pp 1 - 14.
  • Koca, D., Smith, B. and Sykes, M. (2006), 'Modelling regional climate change effects on potential natural ecosystems in Sweden', Climatic Change, vol 78, no 2-4 , pp 381 - 406.
  • Morales, P., Sykes, M., Prentice, I., Smith, P., Smith, B., Bugmann, H., Zierl, B., Friedlingstein, P., Viovy, N., Sabate, S., Sanchez-Plaza, A., Pla, E., Gracia, C., Sitch, S., Arneth, A. and Ogee, J. (2005), 'Comparing and evaluating process-based ecosystem model predictions of carbon and water fluxes in major European forest biomes', Global Change Biology, vol 11, no 12 , pp 2211 - 2233.
  • Zaehle, S., Sitch, S., Smith, B. and Hatterman, F. (2005), 'Effects of parameter uncertainties on the modeling of terrestrial biosphere dynamics', Global Biogeochemical Cycles, vol 19, no 3 .
  • Schroter, D., Cramer, W., Leemans, R., Prentice, I., Araujo, M., Arnell, N., Bondeau, A., Bugmann, H., Carter, T., Gracia, C., De La Vega-Leinert, A., Erhard, M., Ewert, F., Glendining, M., House, J., Kankaanpaa, S., Klein, R., Lavorel, S., Lindner, M., Metzger, M., Meyer, J., Mitchell, T., Reginster, I., Rounsevell, M., Sabate, S., Sitch, S., Smith, B., Smith, J., Smith, P., Sykes, M., Thonicke, K., Thuiller, W., Tuck, G., Zaehle, S. and Zierl, B. (2005), 'Ecosystem service supply and vulnerability to global change in Europe', Science, vol 310, no 5752 , pp 1333 - 1337.
  • Hickler, T., Smith, B., Sykes, M., Davis, M., Sugita, S. and Walker, K. (2004), 'Using a generalized vegetation model to simulate vegetation dynamics in Northeastern USA', Ecology, vol 85, no 2 , pp 519 - 530.
  • Cramer, W., Bondeau, A., Schaphoff, S., Lucht, W., Smith, B. and Sitch, S. (2004), 'Tropical forests and the global carbon cycle : impacts of atmospheric carbon dioxide, climate change and rate of deforestation', Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences, vol 359, no 1443 , pp 331 - 343.
  • Bigelow, N., Brubaker, L., Edwards, M., Harrison, S., Prentice, I., Anderson, P., Andreev, A., Bartlein, P., Christensen, T., Cramer, W., Kaplan, J., Lozhkin, A., Matveyeva, N., Murray, D., McGuire, A., Razzhivin, V., Ritchie, J., Smith, B., Walker, D., Gajewski, K., Wolf, V., Holmqvist, B., Igarashi, Y., Kremenetskii, K., Paus, A., Pisaric, M. and Volkova, V. (2003), 'Climate change and arctic ecosystems: 1. vegetation changes north of 55?N between the last glacial maximum, mid-Holocene, and present', Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol 108, no D19 , pp 111 - 1125.
  • Kaplan, J., Bigelow, N., Prentice, I., Harrison, S., Bartlein, P., Christensen, T., Cramer, W., Matveyeva, N., McGuire, A., Murray, D., Razzhivin, V., Smith, B., Walker, D., Anderson, P., Andreev, A., Brubaker, L., Edwards, M. and Lozhkin, A. (2003), 'Climate change and arctic ecosystems: 2. Modeling, paleodata-model comparisons, and future projections', Journal of Geophysical Research: Atmospheres, vol 108, no D19 , pp 121 - 1217.
  • Sitch, S., Smith, B., Prentice, I., Arneth, A., Bondeau, A., Cramer, W., Kaplan, J., Levis, S., Lucht, W., Sykes, M., Thonicke, K. and Venevsky, S. (2003), 'Evaluation of ecosystem dynamics, plant geography and terrestrial carbon cycling in the LPJ dynamic global vegetation model', Global Change Biology, vol 9, no 2 , pp 161 - 185.
  • Lucht, W., Prentice, I., Myneni, R., Sitch, S., Friedlingstein, P., Cramer, W., Bousquet, P., Buermann, W. and Smith, B. (2002), 'Climatic control of the high-latitude vegetation greening trend and pinatubo effect', Science, vol 296, no 5573 , pp 1687 - 1689.
  • Smith, B., Prentice, I. and Sykes, M. (2001), 'Representation of vegetation dynamics in the modelling of terrestrial ecosystems : comparing two contrasting approaches within European climate space', Global Ecology and Biogeography, vol 10, no 6 , pp 621 - 637.
  • Cramer, W., Bondeau, A., Woodward, F., Prentice, I., Betts, R., Brovkin, V., Cox, P., Fisher, V., Foley, J., Friend, A., Kucharik, C., Lomas, M., Ramankutty, N., Sitch, S., Smith, B., White, A. and Young-Molling, C. (2001), 'Global response of terrestrial ecosystem structure and function to CO2 and climate change : results from six dynamic global vegetation models', Global Change Biology, vol 7, no 4 , pp 357 - 373.
  • Smith, B. and Wilson, J. (1996), 'A consumer's guide to evenness indices', Oikos, vol 76, no 1 , pp 70 - 82.

Current Projects

Title: Australian Plant Phenomics Facility - Western Sydney University [via UoA]
  • Department of Education (Cat 2.1)
  • University of Western Sydney
Western Researchers: Mark Tjoelker, Ian Anderson and Benjamin Smith
Years: 2023-07-01 - 2028-12-31
ID: P00029120
Title: Understanding the survival of forests under drought
  • Australian Research Council (ACRG)
Western Researchers: Brendan Choat and Benjamin Smith
Years: 2023-01-01 - 2025-12-31
ID: P00027233
Title: Understanding snow gum dieback for effective and integrated management [via Australian National University (ACRG)]
  • Australian Research Council (ACRG)
Western Researchers: Benjamin Smith
Years: 2023-04-19 - 2029-04-19
ID: P00028348
Title: Mechanistic responses of phosphorus-limited forests to CO2 enrichment
  • Australian Research Council (ACRG)
Western Researchers: Benjamin Smith, David Ellsworth and Catriona Macdonald
Years: 2022-01-01 - 2026-12-30
ID: P00027235
Title: Recovery of NSW Gondwana Rainforest from Bushfires
  • Baker Hughes Services Australia Pty Ltd
Western Researchers: Brendan Choat and Benjamin Smith
Years: 2021-06-30 - 2024-06-30
ID: P00027303

Previous Projects

Title: Considering biodiversity in natural product supply chains
  • Blackmores Limited
Western Researchers: Rachael Gallagher, Benjamin Smith and Paul Rymer
Years: 2023-03-01 - 2023-06-30
ID: P00028501

Western Sydney University

Locked Bag 1797
Penrith NSW 2751

ABN 53 014 069 881
CRICOS Provider No: 00917k