Professor Caroline Smith

Professor Caroline Smith

Professor Of Complementary Medicine,
National Institute Of Complementary Medicine (nicm

Biography

Prof. Caroline Smith is an experienced clinical research and acupuncture practitioner. She brings expertise in relation to acupuncture research and clinical skills in relation to women’s health and reproductive health.  She has a background in evidence based research in relation to acupuncture and other complementary therapies and the integration of Chinese medicine and biomedical research protocols, predominately in the areas of women’s health.   She has extensive experience in evidence based research including the design, conduct of randomised controlled trials and systematic reviews. Caroline currently supervises eight higher degree students, and holds appointments on the University of Western Sydney Committees including  Research Studies.

 Caroline has received funding from National Health and Medical Research Council for four project grants over the last ten years. These include two grants as CIA examining the effects on acupuncture on the induction of labour for post term pregnancies, and acupuncture to improve the live birth rate for women undergoing IVF. Caroline has published over 70 peer reviewed articles in peer reviewed medical and complementary medicine journals. She regularly presents her work at national and international conferences, and her research has influenced clinical practice through the inclusion in clinical practice guidelines in Australia and overseas.

Caroline is on the Advisory Board of the Complementary Medicine Field, and editorial board member for the Menstrual Disorders and Sub-Fertility for the Cochrane Collaboration. 

 

This information has been contributed by Professor Smith.

Qualifications

  • PhD University of Adelaide
  • MSc University of London
  • BSc

Organisational Unit (School / Division)

  • National Institute Of Complementary Medicine (nicm

Contact

Email: caroline.smith@westernsydney.edu.au
Phone: (02) 4620 3777
Mobile:
Location: 5.LG.20
Campbelltown
Website:

PLEASE NOTE: obtaining information from this Directory must be for the legitimate purposes of doing business with and within Western Sydney University, and must not be used for unsolicited bulk e-mailing (spamming) or similar purposes.

Publications

Chapters in Books

  • Smith, C. (2016), 'Acupuncture in obstetrics', Medical Acupuncture: A Western Scientific Approach, Elsevier 9780702043079.
  • Madden, S., Fogarty, S. and Smith, C. (2014), 'Alternative and complementary therapies in the treatment of eating disorders, addictions and substance use disorders', Eating Disorders, Addictions and Substance Use Disorders: Research, Clinical and Treatment Perspectives, Springer 9783642453779.
  • de Lacey, S. and Smith, C. (2011), 'Traditional Chinese Medicine', How to Improve Your ART Success Rates: An Evidence-based Review of Adjuncts to IVF, Cambridge University Press 9781107648326.

Journal Articles

  • Armour, M., Smith, C., Schabrun, S., Steiner, G., Zhu, X., Lawson, K. and Song, J. (2018), 'Manual acupuncture plus usual care versus usual care alone in the treatment of endometriosis-related chronic pelvic pain : study protocol for a randomised controlled feasibility study', Pilot and Feasibility Studies, vol 4, no 10 .
  • Slewa-Younan, S., Uribe Guajardo, M., Yaser, A., Mond, J., Smith, M., Milosevic, D., Smith, C., Lujic, S. and Jorm, A. (2017), 'Causes of and risk factors for posttraumatic stress disorder : the beliefs of Iraqi and Afghan refugees resettled in Australia', International Journal of Mental Health Systems, vol 11, no 1 .
  • Lacey, S., Sanderman, E. and Smith, C. (2017), '[In Press] Acupuncture in reproductive medicine : the motivations of infertile women to participate in a randomised controlled trial', Journal of Psychosomatic Obstetrics and Gynecology, .
  • Hewett, Z., Pumpa, K., Smith, C., Fahey, P. and Cheema, B. (2017), 'Effect of a 16-week Bikram yoga program on heart rate variability and associated cardiovascular disease risk factors in stressed and sedentary adults : a randomized controlled trial', BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol 17 .
  • Smith, C., Zaslawski, C., Cochrane, S., Zhu, X., Zheng, Z., Loyeung, B., Meier, P., Walsh, S., Xue, C., Zhang, L., Fahey, P. and Bensoussan, A. (2017), 'Reliability of the NICMAN Scale : an instrument to assess the quality of acupuncture administered in clinical trials', Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol 2017 .
  • Slewa-Younan, S., Yaser, A., Uribe Guajardo, M., Mannan, H., Smith, C. and Mond, J. (2017), 'The mental health and help-seeking behaviour of resettled Afghan refugees in Australia', International Journal of Mental Health Systems , vol 11, no 49 .
  • Smith, C. and Fogarty, S. (2016), 'A survey of study participants' understanding of informed consent to participate in a randomised controlled trial of acupuncture', BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol 16, no 1 , pp 1 - 6.
  • Ormsby, S., Smith, C., Dahlen, H., Hay, P. and Lind, J. (2016), 'Evaluation of an antenatal acupuncture intervention as an adjunct therapy for antenatal depression (AcuAnteDep) : study protocol for a pragmatic randomised controlled trial', Trials, vol 17 .
  • Smith, C., Armour, M. and Ee, C. (2016), 'Complementary therapies and medicines and reproductive medicine', Seminars in Reproductive Medicine, vol 34, no 2 , pp 67 - 73.
  • Fogarty, S., Smith, C. and Hay, P. (2016), 'The role of complementary and alternative medicine in the treatment of eating disorders : a systematic review', Eating Behaviors, vol 21 , pp 179 - 188.
  • De Manincor, M., Bensoussan, A., Smith, C., Barr, K., Schweickle, M., Donoghoe, L., Bourchier, S. and Fahey, P. (2016), 'Individualized yoga for reducing depression and anxiety, and improving well-being : a randomized controlled trial', Depression and Anxiety, vol 33, no 9 , pp 816 - 828.
  • Fogarty, S. and Smith, C. (2016), 'Evaluating research information on practitioner websites describing the use of acupuncture as an adjunct to IVF', European Journal of Integrative Medicine, vol 8, no 1 , pp 21 - 27.
  • Barr, K., Smith, C. and Lacey, S. (2016), 'Participation in a randomised controlled trial of acupuncture as an adjunct to in vitro fertilisation : the views of study patients and acupuncturists', European Journal of Integrative Medicine, vol 8, no 1 , pp 48 - 54.
  • Yaser, A., Slewa-Younan, S., Smith, C., Olson, R., Uribe Guajardo, M. and Mond, J. (2016), 'Beliefs and knowledge about post-traumatic stress disorder amongst resettled Afghan refugees in Australia', International Journal of Mental Health Systems, vol 10, no 1 .
  • Cochrane, S., Smith, C., Possamai-Inesedy, A. and Bensoussan, A. (2016), 'Prior to conception : the role of an acupuncture protocol in improving women's reproductive functioning assessed by a pilot pragmatic randomised controlled trial', Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol 2016 .
  • Armour, M., Dahlen, H. and Smith, C. (2016), 'More than needles : the importance of explanations and self-care advice in treating primary dysmenorrhea with acupuncture', Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol 2016 .
  • Levett, K., Smith, C., Bensoussan, A. and Dahlen, H. (2016), 'The Complementary Therapies for Labour and Birth Study : making sense of labour and birth - experiences of women, partners and midwives of a complementary medicine antenatal education course', Midwifery, vol 40 , pp 124 - 131.
  • McDonald, J., Smith, P., Smith, C., Xue, C., Golianu, B. and Cripps, A. (2016), 'Effect of acupuncture on house dust mite specific IgE, substance P, and symptoms in persistent allergic rhinitis', Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology, vol 116, no 6 , pp 497 - 505.
  • Smith, C., Chang, E., Brownhill, S. and Barr, K. (2016), 'Complementary medicine health literacy among a population of older Australians living in retirement villages : a mixed methods study', Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol 2016 .
  • Smith, C., Armour, M., Zhu, X., Li, X., Lu, Z. and Song, J. (2016), 'Acupuncture for dysmenorrhoea (Intervention Review)', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, vol 2016, no 4 , pp 1 - 129.
  • Levett, K., Smith, C., Bensoussan, A. and Dahlen, H. (2016), 'Complementary therapies for labour and birth study : a randomised controlled trial of antenatal integrative medicine for pain management in labour', BMJ Open, vol 6 .
  • Urroz, P., Colagiuri, B., Smith, C., Yeung, A. and Cheema, B. (2016), 'Effect of acupuncture and instruction on physiological recovery from maximal exercise : a balanced-placebo controlled trial', BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol 16 .
  • Betts, D., Smith, C. and Dahlen, H. (2016), 'Does acupuncture have a role in the treatment of threatened miscarriage? : findings from a feasibility randomised trial and semi-structured participant interviews', BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth, vol 16, no 1 .
  • Armour, M. and Smith, C. (2016), 'Treating primary dysmenorrhoea with acupuncture: a narrative review of the relationship between acupuncture 'dose' and menstrual pain outcomes', Acupuncture in Medicine, vol 34 , pp 416 - 424.
  • Smith, C., Armour, M. and Ee, C. (2016), 'Complementary therapies and medicines and reproductive medicine', Seminars in Reproductive Medicine, vol 34, no 2 , pp 67 - 73.
  • Vizza, L., Smith, C., Swaraj, S., Agho, K. and Cheema, B. (2016), 'The feasibility of progressive resistance training in women with polycystic ovary syndrome : a pilot randomized controlled trial', BMC Sports Science, Medicine and Rehabilitation, vol 8, no 14 .
  • Barr, K., Smith, C., Healy, H., Cheema, B. and MacMillan, F. (2016), 'Exploring the perceptions of renal nurses towards the design of a yoga progam for fatigue experienced by haemodialysis patients', Renal Society of Australasia Communique, vol 19, no 1 , pp 17 - 19.
  • Cao, H., Yang, G., Wang, Y., Liu, J., Smith, C., Luo, H. and Liu, Y. (2015), 'Complementary therapies for acne vulgaris (review)', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, vol 1 , pp 1 - 139.
  • De Manincor, M., Bensoussan, A., Smith, C., Fahey, P. and Bourchier, S. (2015), 'Establishing key components of yoga interventions for reducing depression and anxiety, and improving well-being : a Delphi method study', BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol 15, no 1 .
  • McKeon, C., Smith, C., Gibbons, K. and Hardy, J. (2015), 'EA versus sham acupuncture and no acupuncture for the control of acute and delayed chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting : a pilot study', Acupuncture in Medicine, vol 33, no 4 , pp 227 - 283.
  • Grant, S., Smith, C., De Silva, N. and Su, C. (2015), 'Defining the quality of acupuncture : the case of acupuncture for cancer-related fatigue', Integrative Cancer Therapies, vol 14, no 3 , pp 258 - 270.
  • Hewett, Z., Cheema, B., Pumpa, K. and Smith, C. (2015), 'The effects of Bikram yoga on health : critical review and clinical trial recommendations', Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol 2015 .
  • Hay, P., Claudino, A., Smith, C., Touyz, S., Lujic, S., Le Grange, D., Lacey, H. and Sud, R. (2015), 'Specific psychological therapies versus other therapies or no treatment for severe and enduring anorexia nervosa (Protocol)', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, , no 3 , pp 1 - 15.
  • Smith, C. and Betts, D. (2014), 'The practice of acupuncture and moxibustion to promote cephalic version for women with a breech presentation : implications for clinical practice and research', Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol 22, no 1 , pp 75 - 80.
  • Smith, C., Fogarty, S., Touyz, S., Madden, S., Buckett, G. and Hay, P. (2014), 'Acupuncture and acupressure and massage health outcomes for patients with anorexia nervosa : findings from a pilot randomized controlled trial and patient interviews', The Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol 20, no 2 , pp 103 - 112.
  • Cochrane, S., Smith, C., Possamai-Inesedy, A. and Bensoussan, A. (2014), 'Acupuncture and women's health : an overview of the role of acupuncture and its clinical management in women's reproductive health', International Journal of Women's Health, vol 6 , pp 313 - 325.
  • Betts, D., Dahlen, H. and Smith, C. (2014), 'A search for hope and understanding : an analysis of threatened miscarriage internet forums', Midwifery, vol 30, no 6 , pp 650 - 656.
  • Smith, C., Coyle, M., Lacey, S. and Johnson, N. (2014), 'Evidence-based research and practice : attitudes of reproduction nurses, counsellors and doctors', Reproductive BioMedicine Online, vol 29, no 1 , pp 3 - 9.
  • Levett, K., Smith, C., Dahlen, H. and Bensoussan, A. (2014), 'Acupuncture and acupressure for pain management in labour and birth : a critical narrative review of current systematic review evidence', Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol 22, no 3 , pp 523 - 540.
  • Smith, C., Armour, M. and Betts, D. (2014), 'Treatment of women's reproductive health conditions by Australian and New Zealand acupuncturists', Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol 22, no 4 , pp 710 - 718.
  • Betts, D., Smith, C. and Dahlen, H. (2014), '"Well I'm safe because..." - acupuncturists managing conflicting treatment recommendations when treating threatened miscarriage : a mixed-methods study', Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol 20, no 11 , pp 838 - 845.
  • Smith, C., Pirotta, M. and Kilbreath, S. (2014), 'A feasibility study to examine the role of acupuncture to reduce symptoms of lymphoedema after breast cancer : a randomised controlled trial', Acupuncture in Medicine, vol 32, no 5 , pp 387 - 393.
  • Arentz, S., Smith, C., Abbott, J. and Bensoussan, A. (2014), 'A survey of the use of complementary medicine by a self-selected community group of Australian women with polycystic ovary syndrome', BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol 14, no 1 .
  • Arentz, S., Abbott, J., Smith, C. and Bensoussan, A. (2014), 'Herbal medicine for the management of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) and associated oligo/amenorrhoea and hyperandrogenism : a review of the laboratory evidence for effects with corroborative clinical findings', BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine , vol 14, no 511 .
  • Urroz, P., Colagiuri, B., Smith, C. and Cheema, B. (2013), 'Effect of acute acupuncture treatment on exercise performance and postexercise recovery : a systematic review', Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol 19, no 1 , pp 9 - 16.
  • McDonald, J., Cripps, A., Smith, P., Smith, C., Xue, C. and Golianu, B. (2013), 'The anti-inflammatory effects of acupuncture and their relevance to allergic rhinitis : a narrative review and proposed model', Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol 2013 .
  • Quah-Smith, I., Smith, C., Crawford, J. and Russell, J. (2013), 'Laser acupuncture for depression : a randomised double blind controlled trial using low intensity laser intervention', Journal of Affective Disorders, vol 148 , pp 179 - 187.
  • Smith, C., Carmady, B., Thornton, C., Perz, J. and Ussher, J. (2013), 'The effect of acupuncture on post-cancer fatigue and well-being for women recovering from breast cancer : a pilot randomised controlled trial', Acupuncture in medicine, vol 31, no 1 , pp 9 - 15.
  • Carmady, B., Smith, C. and Colagiuri, B. (2013), 'A comparison of decision-making processes for conventional and complementary medicine in cancer patients', Complementary Therapies in Clinical Practice, vol 19, no 1 , pp 32 - 35.
  • Lacey, S. and Smith, C. (2013), 'Acupuncture and infertility treatment : is there more to the outcome for women than pregnancy?', Medical Acupuncture, vol 25, no 2 , pp 195 - 199.
  • McKeon, C., Smith, C., Hardy, J. and Chang, E. (2013), 'Acupuncture and acupressure for chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting : a systematic review', Australian Journal of Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine, vol 8, no 1 , pp 2 - 27.
  • Smith, C., Crowther, C. and Grant, S. (2013), 'Acupuncture for induction of labour', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, vol 8 .
  • Smith, C., Bateson, D. and Weisberg, E. (2013), 'A survey describing the use of complementary therapies and medicines by women attending a family planning clinic', BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol 13 .
  • Fogarty, S., Smith, C., Touyz, S., Madden, S., Buckett, G. and Hay, P. (2013), 'Patients with anorexia nervosa receiving acupuncture or acupressure ; their view of the therapeutic encounter', Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol 21, no 6 , pp 675 - 681.
  • Smith, C. (2012), 'Clinical trial of acupuncture in need of an appropriate intervention and adequate sample size', Focus on Alternative and Complementary Therapies, vol 17, no 3 , pp 165 - 166.
  • Smith, C., Levett, K., Collins, C. and Jones, L. (2012), 'Massage, reflexology and other manual methods for pain management in labour (review)', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, vol 2 , pp 1 - 28.
  • Qu, F., Zhou, J., Bovey, M., Franconi, G., Chan, K., Smith, C., Jiang, D. and Robinson, N. (2012), 'Does acupuncture improve the outcome of in vitro fertilisation? Guidance for future trials', European Journal of Integrative Medicine, vol 4, no 3 , pp 234 - 244.
  • Smith, C., Lacey, S., Chapman, M., Ratcliffe, J., Norman, R., Johnson, N., Sacks, G., Lyttleton, J. and Boothroyd, C. (2012), 'Acupuncture to improve live birth rates for women undergoing in vitro fertilization : a protocol for a randomized controlled trial', Trials, vol 13 .
  • Smith, C., Grant, S., Lyttleton, J. and Cochrane, S. (2012), 'Using a Delphi consensus process to develop an acupuncture treatment protocol by consensus for women undergoing Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART) treatment', BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol 12 .
  • Betts, D., Smith, C. and Dahlen, H. (2012), 'Acupuncture as a therapeutic treatment option for threatened miscarriage', BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol 12 .
  • Coyle, M., Smith, C. and Peat, B. (2012), 'Cephalic version by moxibustion for breech presentation', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, vol 5 .
  • Colagiuri, B. and Smith, C. (2012), 'A systematic review of the effect of expectancy on treatment responses to acupuncture', Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol 2012 , pp 1 - 12.
  • Cochrane, S., Smith, C. and Possamai-Inesedy, A. (2012), 'Understanding the practice of acupuncture with women with fertility problems : a qualitative approach', Australian Journal of Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine, vol 7, no 2 , pp 4 - 12.
  • Smith, C., Crowther, C., Petrucco, O., Beilby, J. and Dent, H. (2011), 'Acupuncture to treat primary dysmenorrhea in women: a randomized controlled trial', Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol 2011 .
  • Smith, C., Zhu, X., He, L. and Song, J. (2011), 'Acupuncture for primary dysmenorrhoea', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, , no 1 .
  • Smith, C., Priest, R., Carmady, B., Bourchier, S. and Bensoussan, A. (2011), 'The ethics of traditional Chinese and western herbal medicine research : views of researchers and human ethics committees in Australia', Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol 2011 .
  • Cochrane, S., Smith, C. and Possamai-Inesedy, A. (2011), 'Development of a fertility acupuncture protocol: Defining an acupuncture treatment protocol to support and treat women experiencing conception delays', Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol 17, no 4 , pp 329 - 337.
  • Smith, C., Zaslawski, C., Zheng, Z., Cobbin, D., Cochrane, S., Lenon, G., Loyeung, B., Meier, P., Walsh, S., Xue, C., Zhang, A., Zhu, X. and Bensoussan, A. (2011), 'Development of an instrument to assess the quality of acupuncture: Results from a Delphi process', Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol 17, no 5 , pp 441 - 452.
  • Smith, C. and Carmady, B. (2011), 'Use of Chinese medicine by cancer patients: a review of surveys', Chinese Medicine, vol 6 .
  • Smith, C., Ussher, J., Perz, J., Carmady, B. and de Lacey, S. (2011), 'The effect of acupuncture on psychosocial outcomes for women experiencing infertility: A pilot randomized controlled trial', Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol 17, no 10 , pp 923 - 930.
  • Smith, C., Collins, C., Crowther, C. and Levett, K. (2011), 'Acupuncture or acupressure for pain management in labour', Cochrane Database of Systematic Review, vol 7 .
  • Do, C., Smith, C., Dahlen, H., Bisits, A. and Schmied, V. (2011), 'Moxibustion for cephalic version: A feasibility randomised controlled trial', BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol 11 , pp 1 - 9.
  • Smith, C., Collins, C. and Crowther, C. (2011), 'Aromatherapy for pain management in labour', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, vol 7 .
  • Smith, C., Levett, K., Collins, C. and Crowther, C. (2011), 'Relaxation techniques for pain management in labour', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, vol 12 .
  • Smith, C. (2010), 'Ginger reduces severity of nausea in early pregnancy compared with vitamin B6, and the two treatments are similarly effective for reducing number of vomiting episodes', Evidenced Based Nursing, vol 13 , pp 40 - 40.
  • Smith, C., Hay, P. and Macpherson, H. (2010), 'Acupuncture for depression', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010, vol NA, no 1 , pp 004046 - .
  • Smith, C. and Carmady, B. (2010), 'Acupuncture to treat common reproductive health complaints: An overview of the evidence', Autonomic Neuroscience: Basic and Clinical, vol 157, no 40575 , pp 52 - 56.
  • Kovarova, P., Smith, C. and Turnbull, D. (2010), 'An exploration study of the effect of acupuncture on self-efficacy for women seeking fertility support', Explore: The Journal of Science and Healing, vol 6, no 5 , pp 330 - 334.
  • Smith, C. and Grimmer-Somers, K. (2010), 'The treatment effect of exercise programmes for chronic low back pain', Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice, vol 16, no 3 , pp 484 - 491.
  • Smith, C., Coyle, M. and Norman, R. (2009), 'Does acupuncture improve the endometrium for women undergoing an embryo transfer: a pilot randomized controlled trial', Australian Journal of Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine, vol 4, no 1 , pp 7 - 13.
  • De Lacey, S., Smith, C. and Paterson, C. (2009), 'Building resilience: A preliminary exploration of women's perceptions of the use of acupuncture as an adjunct to In Vitro Fertilisation', BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol 9 .
  • Smith, C., He, L., Zhu, X. and Song, J. (2009), 'Acupuncture for primary dysmenorrhoea', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, , no 3 .
  • Smith, C. and Dahlen, H. (2009), 'Caring for the pregnant woman and her baby in a changing maternity service environment : the role of acupuncture', Acupuncture in Medicine, vol 27, no 3 , pp 123 - 125.
  • Smith, C. and Cochrane, S. (2009), 'Does acupuncture have a place as an adjunct treatment during pregnancy? : a review of randomized controlled trials and systematic reviews', Birth: Issues in Perinatal Care, vol 36, no 3 , pp 246 - 253.
  • Eslick, G., Howe, P., Smith, C., Priest, R. and Bensoussan, A. (2009), 'Benefits of fish oil supplementation in hyperlipidemia : a systematic review and meta-analysis', International Journal of Cardiology, vol 136, no 1 , pp 4 - 16.
  • Zhu, X., Proctor, M., Bensoussan, A., Smith, C. and Wu, E. (2008), 'Chinese herbal medicine for primary dysmenorrhoea : a systematic review', Australian Journal of Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine, vol 3, no 1 , pp 37 - 52.
  • Park, J., Linde, K., Manheimer, E., Molsberger, A., Sharman, K., Smith, C., Sung, J. and + 2 Externals, .. (2008), 'The status and future of acupuncture clinical research', Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine, vol 14, no 7 , pp 871 - 881.
  • Smith, C. (2008), 'Acupuncture as an adjunct treatment at the time of embryo transfer : a review of the current systematic reviews', Australian Journal of Acunpuncture and Chinese Medicine, vol 3, no 2 , pp 28 - 30.
  • Smith, C., Crowther, C., Collins, C. and Coyle, M. (2008), 'Acupuncture to induce labor : a randomized controlled trial', Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol 112, no 5 , pp 1067 - 1074.
  • Tang, B., Eslick, G., Nowson, C., Smith, C. and Bensoussan, A. (2007), 'Use of calcium or calcium in combination with vitamin D supplementation to prevent osteoporotic bone loss and fractures in elderly patients: a meta-analysis', Lancet, vol 370 , pp 657 - 666.
  • Zhu, X., Proctor, M., Bensoussan, A., Smith, C. and Wu, E. (2007), 'Chinese herbal medicine for primary dysmenorrhoea', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, vol 2007, no 4 , pp 1 - 98.
  • Smith, C., Collins, C. and Crowther, C. (2007), 'Acupuncture and acupressure for pain management in labour: a systematic review.', Australian Journal of Acupuncture and Chinese Medicine, vol 2 , pp 25 - 32.
  • Stankiewicz, M., Smith, C., Alvino, H. and Norman, R. (2007), 'The use of complementary medicine and therapies by patients attending a reproductive medicine unit in South Australia: A prospective survey', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol 47, no 2 , pp 145 - 149.
  • Smith, C., Hancock, H., Blake-Mortimer, J. and Eckert, K. (2007), 'A randomised comparative trial of yoga and relaxation to reduce stress and anxiety', Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol 15, no 2 , pp 77 - 83.
  • Smith, C., Martin, K. and Wache, D. (2007), 'Evolving professional demands facing practitioners of complementary and alternative therapies: an educational opportunity.', Focus on Health Professional Education, vol 7, no 3 , pp 30 - 35.
  • Smith, C. and Kumar, S. (2007), 'The effectiveness of non surgical interventions in the treatment of Charcot foot: a Systematic review', International Journal of Evidence-Based Healthcare, vol 5, no 4 , pp 437 - 449.
  • Smith, C., Collins, C., Cyna, A. and Crowther, C. (2006), 'Complementary and alternative therapies for pain management in labour', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, , no 4 .
  • Smith, C. and Coyle, M. (2006), 'Recruitment and implementation strategies in randomised controlled trials of acupuncture and herbal medicine in women's health', Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol 14, no 1 , pp 81 - 86.
  • Smith, C., Coyle, M. and Norman, R. (2006), 'Influence of acupuncture stimulation on pregnancy rates for women undergoing embryo transfer', Fertility and Sterility, vol 85, no 5 , pp 1352 - 1358.
  • Smith, C. and Eckert, K. (2006), 'Prevalence of complementary and alternative medicine and use among children in South Australia', Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health, vol 42, no 9 , pp 538 - 543.
  • Semple, S., Hotham, E., Rao, D., Martin, K., Smith, C. and Bloustien, G. (2006), 'Community pharmacists in Australia: Barriers to information provision on complementary and alternative medicines', Pharmacy World and Science, vol 28, no 6 , pp 366 - 373.
  • Zhu, X., Smith, C. and Bensoussan, A. (2005), 'Chinese herbal medicine for primary dysmenorrhoea', The Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, vol 2 .
  • Hay, P., Smith, C. and Arnold, M. (2005), 'Acupuncture for Depression', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, .
  • Coyle, M. and Smith, C. (2005), 'A comparison of western medical health status and TCM diagnosis in women undergoing assisted reproduction.', Acupuncture in Medicine, vol 23, no 2 , pp 62 - 69.
  • Smith, C. (2005), 'Can acupuncture contribute to the multi-disciplinary care of the patient with diabetic peripheral neuropathy? An overview of the current literature.', Australasian Journal of Podiatric Medicine, vol 39, no 2 , pp 41 - 44.
  • Smith, C., Martin, K., Hotham, L., Semple, S., Rao, D. and Bloustien, G. (2005), 'Naturopaths practice behaviour: provision and access to information on complementary and alternative medicines.', BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine, vol 5, no 1 , pp 15 - 15.
  • Coyle, M., Smith, C. and Peat, B. (2005), 'Moxibustion for breech presentation', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, , no 2 .
  • Smith, C. and Hancock, H. (2005), 'Stress, anxiety and health status of participants volunteering for an Australian study for stress management.', International Journal of Naturopathic Medicine, vol Summer edition .
  • Smith, C. and Crowther, C. (2004), 'Acupuncture for induction of labour', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, , no 3 .
  • Garrney, L. and Smith, C. (2004), 'Use of complementary therapies in pregnancy: The perceptions of obstetricians and midwives in South Australia', Australian and New Zealand Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, vol 44, no 1 , pp 24 - 29.
  • Gaffney, L. and Smith, C. (2004), 'The views of pregnant women towards the use of complementary therapies and medicines', Birth Issues, vol 13 , pp 43 - 50.
  • Smith, C., Crowther, C., Willson, K., Hotham, N. and McMillian, V. (2004), 'A randomized controlled trial of ginger to treat nausea and vomiting in pregnancy', Obstetrics and Gynecology, vol 103, no 4 , pp 639 - 645.
  • Smith, C., Collins, C. and Crowther, C. (2003), 'Complementary and alternative therapies for pain management in labour.', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, , no 2 .
  • Smith, C., Crowther, C. and Beilby, J. (2002), 'Acupuncture to treat nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy: A randomized controlled trial', Birth, vol 29, no 1 , pp 1 - 9.
  • Smith, C. and Crowther, C. (2002), 'The placebo response and effect of time in a trial of acupuncture to treat nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy', Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol 10, no 4 , pp 210 - 216.
  • Smith, C. (2002), 'Homoeopathy for induction of labour', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, , no 4 , pp 1 - 20.
  • Smith, C., Crowther, C. and Beilby, J. (2002), 'Pregnancy outcome following women's participation in a randomised controlled trial of acupuncture to treat nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy', Complementary Therapies in Medicine, vol 10, no 2 , pp 78 - 83.
  • Proctor, M., Smith, C., Farquhar, C. and Stones, W. (2002), 'Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation and acupuncture for the treatment of primary dysmenorrhoea', Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, .

Conference Papers

  • Urroz, P., Colagiuri, B., Smith, C. and Cheema, B. (2013), 'Effect of acupuncture and instruction on post-exercise recovery : a balanced-placebo controlled trial', Australian Conference of Science and Medicine in Sport , Phuket, Thailand.
  • Smith, C., Ussher, J., Perz, J. and Carmady, B. (2012), 'The effect of acupuncture on post cancer fatigue and wellbeing for women recovering from breast cancer: a feasibility randomised controlled trial', International Research Congress on Integrative Medicine and health, Portland, oregon.
  • Betts, D., Smith, C. and Dahlen, H. (2012), 'Exploring health professionals perception of best practice for women presenting with Threatened Miscarriage', FAOPS & PSANZ, Sydney.
  • Betts, D., Smith, C. and Dahlen, H. (2012), 'Current practice amongst acupuncturists treating threatened miscarriage in Australia and New Zealand', International Research Congress on Integrative Medicine and Health, Portland, Oregon.
  • Do, C., Smith, C., Dahlen, H. and Schmied, V. (2011), 'Moxibustion for cephalic version: a feasibility study', 15th Annual Congress of the Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand, Hobart.
  • Smith, C., Ussher, J., Perz, J. and De Lacey, S. (2010), 'The Effect of Acupuncture on Psychosocial Outcomes for Women Experiencing Infertility: Findings from a Pilot Pragmatic Randomised Controlled Trial', The Fertility Society of Australia 29th Annual Scientific Meeting, Adelaide.
  • Smith, C. and De Lacey, S. (2009), 'Understanding Women's Views Towards the use of Acupuncture for Women Undergoing In Vitro Fertilisation (IVF), or Natural Fertility Treatment: A Qualitative Study', (PSANZ 09), 13th Annual Congress of the Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand, Darwin.
  • Smith, C., Crowther, C., Collins, C. and Coyle, M. (2009), 'Acupuncture to Induce Labour: Findings from a Randomised Controlled Trial', (PSANZ09) 13th Annual Congress of the Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand, Darwin.
  • Kovarova, P., Smith, C. and Turnbull, D. (2009), 'The Effects of Acupuncture Treatment on Infertility Self-Efficacy', (PSANZ09) 13th Annual Congress of the Perinatal Society of Australia and New Zealand, Darwin.

Other Publications

  • 2017, 'Integrative Oncology in Australia 2016: Mapping Service Provision and Exploring Unmet Needs', Research Report
  • 2007, 'Systematic Review and Meta Analysis: Calcium Supplements Alone or with Vitamin D for Preventative Treatment of Osteoporotic Fractures in Older People, Fish Oil Supplements Alone or with Statins to Improve Lipid Levels', Research Report

Research

Areas of Research / Teaching Expertise

  • Evidence based research
  • Mixed methods research
  • Acupuncture
  • Women's health
  • Cancer
  • Mental health

This information has been contributed by Professor Smith.

Current Projects

Title: Targeting Post Cancer Fatigue among Women with Breast Cancer using Acupuncture: A Feasibility Study
Years: 2015-03-16 - 2017-12-31
ID: P00022784
Western Researchers: Caroline Smith and Suzanne Grant
Funding:
  • Bankstown-Lidcombe Hospital
Title: Centre for Research Excellence in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (CREPCOS) - Determining the feasibility of a method for a randomised controlled trial on acupuncture for weight management in Polycystic Ovary Syndrome: a qualitative study [via Monash Uni]
Years: 2016-10-17 - 2017-10-31
ID: P00023699
Western Researchers: Carolyn Ee, Caroline Smith and Freya Macmillan
Funding:
  • National Health and Medical Research Council (ACRG)
Title: Dynamiclear clinical trial protocol development
Years: 2017-07-01 - 2017-10-31
ID: P00024489
Western Researchers: Mike Armour and Caroline Smith
Funding:
  • Sci-Chem International Pty Ltd

Previous Projects

Title: Development of a Protocol to conduct a randomised placebo controlled clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of Homme-F for male reproductive health
Years: 2014-09-01 - 2014-11-30
ID: P00022394
Western Researchers: Anthony J Good, Caroline Smith and Alan Bensoussan
Funding:
  • Max Biocare Pty Ltd
Title: Development of a Protocol to conduct a randomised placebo controlled clinical trial to evaluate the efficacy of Femme-F for female reproductive health
Years: 2014-09-01 - 2014-11-30
ID: P00022395
Western Researchers: Anthony J Good, Caroline Smith and Alan Bensoussan
Funding:
  • Max Biocare Pty Ltd
Title: Assessing health literacy in a population of complementary medicine users
Years: 2013-12-09 - 2015-03-31
ID: P00021854
Western Researchers: Caroline Smith and Esther Chang
Funding:
  • University of Western Sydney
Title: The role of herbal medicine in the management of women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS)
Years: 2014-02-25 - 2014-10-31
ID: P00021970
Western Researchers: Caroline Smith
Funding:
  • Integria Healthcare (Australia) Pty Ltd
Title: Burnout in Australian paramedics
Years: 2014-09-16 - 2015-10-16
ID: P00022353
Western Researchers: Liz Thyer and Caroline Smith
Funding:
  • University of Western Sydney
Title: Integrative oncology in Australia - exploring unmet needs and mapping service provision
Years: 2016-01-12 - 2017-05-31
ID: P00022927
Western Researchers: Caroline Smith and Jane Ussher
Funding:
  • University of Western Sydney
  • Oncology Massage Ltd
  • South Western Sydney Local Health District
Title: ASMI Research Project
Years: 2006-09-04 - 2007-02-13
ID: P0015308
Western Researchers: Alan Bensoussan and Caroline Smith
Funding:
  • Australian Self-Medication Industry
Title: Views and attitudes of older Australians about self-care complementary medicines (CMs) [no funding to WSU]
Years: 2016-11-01 - 2017-06-30
ID: P00023776
Western Researchers: Caroline Smith and Esther Chang
Funding:
  • The University of Notre Dame
Title: A pilot pragmatic randomised controlled trial of acupuncture on psychosocial outcomes for women experiencing infertility
Years: 2008-12-18 - 2009-12-17
ID: P00016507
Western Researchers: Caroline Smith, Jane Ussher and Janette Perz
Funding:
  • University of Western Sydney
Title: A clinical trial on the efficacy and safety of Hominax to improve sperm health in men with mild to moderate Male Factor Infertility
Years: 2015-12-02 - 2017-07-31
ID: P00023095
Western Researchers: Caroline Smith, Alan Bensoussan and Paul Fahey
Funding:
  • Max Biocare Pty Ltd
Title: An educational intervention to improve health literacy and decision making about supporting self-care and decision making among older Australians: a randomised controlled trial
Years: 2015-12-14 - 2017-06-30
ID: P00022939
Western Researchers: Caroline Smith and Esther Chang
Funding:
  • Illawarra Retirement Trust (IRT)
Title: NICM TCM Clinical Trials Network
Years: 2008-08-21 - 2013-06-30
ID: P00016475
Western Researchers: Alan Bensoussan and Caroline Smith
Funding:
  • Department of Health (non ACRG)
Title: NICM TCM Acupuncture Methodology
Years: 2008-08-21 - 2013-06-30
ID: P00016476
Western Researchers: Caroline Smith
Funding:
  • Department of Health (non ACRG)
Title: Randomised controlled trial of acupuncture to reduce fatigue post breast cancer treatment: a pilot study
Years: 2010-03-01 - 2011-03-01
ID: P00017455
Western Researchers: Caroline Smith
Funding:
  • Cancer Institute NSW
Title: Acupuncture and reproductive health outcomes: building evidence in an integrated care setting
Years: 2009-09-14 - 2011-09-30
ID: P00016861
Western Researchers: Caroline Smith
Funding:
  • Department of Health (non ACRG)
Title: A pilot study to examine the role of acupuncture to restore weight, improve eating behaviour, and reduce anxiety and depression
Years: 2010-11-30 - 2011-11-29
ID: P00019616
Western Researchers: Caroline Smith and Phillipa Hay
Funding:
  • University of Western Sydney
Title: A feasiblity study to examine the role of acupuncture to reduce symptoms of lymphoedema post-breast cancer treatment
Years: 2012-03-02 - 2013-03-01
ID: P00020587
Western Researchers: Caroline Smith and Paul De Souza
Funding:
  • University of Western Sydney
Title: Master of Research Scholarship in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) - Acupuncture for Antenatal Depression (AcuAnteDep) - Evaluation of the Effectiveness of Acupuncture Treatment for Antenatal and Postnatal Depression
Years: 2017-02-20 - 2017-08-19
ID: P00023727
Western Researchers: Caroline Smith, Hannah Dahlen, Phillipa Hay and Joanne Lind
Funding:
  • Mr Jinguang Li (aka Mr Sam Li)
Title: National Institute for Health Research
Years: 2008-12-24 - 2011-06-30
ID: P00018052
Western Researchers: Caroline Smith
Funding:
  • Department of Health, UK
Title: Effect of an office worksite-based yoga program on heart rate variability: A randomised controlled trial
Years: 2010-11-02 - 2011-11-01
ID: P00019242
Western Researchers: Bobby Cheema and Caroline Smith
Funding:
  • University of Western Sydney
Title: A pilot RCT comparing acupuncture needling alone with acupuncture needling plus lifestyle advice for chronic low back pain
Years: 2010-11-02 - 2011-11-01
ID: P00019244
Western Researchers: Ben Colagiuri and Caroline Smith
Funding:
  • University of Western Sydney

Supervision

Professor Smith is available to be a principal supervisor for doctoral projects

Current Supervision

Title: Complementary Medicine in Reproductive Medicine
Field of Research:
Title: The Role of Acupuncture with the Management of Threatened Miscarriage
Field of Research:
Title: The effects of aerobic plus resistance exercise on menstrual regularity in women with polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS)
Field of Research:
Title: Utilisation of Complementary Medicine (CM) techniques to reduce usage of pharmacological pain relief during labour and childbirth
Field of Research:
Title: Classical Yoga as a Model of Complimentary Medicine in Preventative Mental Health and General Well-being
Field of Research:
Title: Treating Dysmenorrhea in Reproductive Age Women who are Resistant to Conventional Treatment. Is Auricular Acupressure the Answer?
Field of Research:
Title: Mental Health Literacy of Resettled Refugee Communities in Australia: An Exploration of How Resettled Refugees Understand Trauma Related Mental Health Disorders and Treatment Practices
Field of Research:
Title: The Efficacy of Bikram Yoga in Stressed and Sedentary Adults
Field of Research: HUMAN MOVEMENT; COMPLEMENTARY THERAPIES NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED; OTHER NATURAL AND PHYSICAL SCIENCES; HEALTH PROMOTION

Previous Supervision

Title: Men's Constructions and Experiences of PMS and their Partner's Premenstrual Changes
Field of Research: HEALTH; PSYCHOLOGY
Thesis: Men's Constructions and Experiences of PMS and their Partner's Premenstrual Changes
Title: Acupuncture Treatment in Threatened Miscarriage: A Mixed Methods Study
Field of Research: COMPLEMENTATY THERAPIES; OBSTETRICS AND GYNAECOLOGY
Thesis: Acupuncture Treatment in Threatened Miscarriage: A Mixed Methods Study
Title: Electro-acupuncture versus Sham Electro-acupuncture versus Standard Care for Acute and Delayed Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting: A Feasibility Pilot Study and Acupuncture Service Evaluation in the Day Oncology Unit
Field of Research: TRADITIONAL CHINESE MEDICINE; CHEMICAL SCIENCES NOT ELSEWHERE CLASSIFIED
Thesis: Electro-acupuncture versus Sham Electro-acupuncture versus Standard Care for Acute and Delayed Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea and Vomiting: A Feasibility Pilot Study and Acupuncture Service Evaluation in the Day Oncology Unit

Western Sydney University

Locked Bag 1797
Penrith NSW 2751

Tel: +61 2 9852 5222

ABN 53 014 069 881
CRICOS Provider No: 00917k

Visit our mobile site