Doctor Mingkai Jiang

Doctor Mingkai Jiang

Visiting Fellow - Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment,
Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment


Dr. Jiang joined the Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment in year 2016 after completing his PhD from Lehigh University, USA. His primary field of research is ecosystem ecology. Dr. Jiang has a broad research interest in plant physiology, ecosystem ecology, global change biology and biogeochemical land surface modelling. He works at the interface between experiments and models, with an overarching aim to understand the physiological mechanisms and feedbacks underpinning ecosystem responses to global change drivers, and to improve predictions of ecosystem dynamics in a changing world. 

This information has been contributed by Doctor Jiang.


  • PhD Lehigh University USA
  • MR (Eco & Env Mgmt) University of York (UK)
  • BSc (Env Sc) University of York (UK)

Organisational Unit (School / Division)

  • Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment


Location: Hawkesbury

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Previous Teaching Areas

  • 300856 Ecosystem Carbon Accounting, 2018
  • 300856 Ecosystem Carbon Accounting, 2020
  • 300913 Field Project 1, 2021
  • 301408 Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 2021
  • 800170 Ecosystems in a Changing World, 2017
  • 800170 Ecosystems in a Changing World, 2018
  • 800170 Ecosystems in a Changing World, 2019
  • 800170 Ecosystems in a Changing World, 2020


Journal Articles

  • Yang, J., Teckentrup, L., Inbar, A., Knauer, J., Jiang, M., Medlyn, B., Price, O., Bradstock, R. and Boer, M. (2023), '[In Press] Predicting sub-continental fuel hazard under future climate and rising atmospheric CO2 concentration', Journal of Applied Ecology, .
  • Yang, J., Medlyn, B., Barton, C., Churchill, A., De Kauwe, M., Jiang, M., Krishnananthaselvan, A., Tissue, D., Pendall, E. and Power, S. (2023), 'Green-up and brown-down : modelling grassland foliage phenology responses to soil moisture availability', Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol 328 .
  • Gardner, A., Jiang, M., Ellsworth, D., MacKenzie, A., Pritchard, J., Bader, M., Barton, C., Bernacchi, C., Calfapietra, C., Crous, K., Dusenge, M., Gimeno, T., Hall, M., Lamba, S., Leuzinger, S., Uddling, J., Warren, J., Wallin, G. and Medlyn, B. (2023), 'Optimal stomatal theory predicts CO2 responses of stomatal conductance in both gymnosperm and angiosperm trees', New Phytologist, vol 237, no 4 , pp 1229 - 1241.
  • Wang, Z., Leite, M., Jiang, M., Kuramae, E. and Fu, X. (2023), 'Responses of soil rare and abundant microorganisms to recurring biotic disturbances', Soil Biology and Biochemistry, vol 177 .
  • Beringer, J., Moore, C., Cleverly, J., Campbell, D., Cleugh, H., De Kauwe, M., Kirschbaum, M., Griebel, A., Grover, S., Huete, A., Hutley, L., Laubach, J., Van Niel, T., Arndt, S., Bennett, A., Cernusak, L., Eamus, D., Ewenz, C., Goodrich, J., Jiang, M., Hinko-Najera, N., Isaac, P., Hobeichi, S., Knauer, J., Koerber, G., Liddell, M., Ma, X., Macfarlane, C., McHugh, I., Medlyn, B., Meyer, W., Norton, A., Owens, J., Pitman, A., Pendall, E., Prober, S., Ray, R., Restrepo-Coupe, N., Rifai, S., Rowlings, D., Schipper, L., Silberstein, R., Teckentrup, L., Thompson, S., Ukkola, A., Wall, A., Wang, Y., Wardlaw, T. and Woodgate, W. (2022), 'Bridge to the future : important lessons from 20 years of ecosystem observations made by the OzFlux network', Global Change Biology, vol 28, no 11 , pp 3489 - 3514.
  • Stephens, R., Sauquet, H., Guerin, G., Jiang, M., Falster, D. and Gallagher, R. (2022), 'Climate shapes community flowering periods across biomes', Journal of Biogeography, vol 49, no 7 , pp 1205 - 1218.
  • Nolan, R., Collins, L., Gibson, R., Samson, S., Rolls, K., Milner, K., Medlyn, B., Price, O., Griebel, A., Choat, B., Jiang, M. and Boer, M. (2022), 'The carbon cost of the 2019-20 Australian fires varies with fire severity and forest type', Global Ecology and Biogeography, vol 31, no 10 , pp 2131 - 2146.
  • Feng, X., Lu, Y., Jiang, M., Katul, G., Manzoni, S., Mrad, A. and Vico, G. (2022), 'Instantaneous stomatal optimization results in suboptimal carbon gain due to legacy effects', Plant Cell and Environment, vol 45, no 11 , pp 3189 - 3204.
  • Li, X., Xi, B., Wu, X., Choat, B., Feng, J., Jiang, M. and Tissue, D. (2022), 'Unlocking drought-induced tree mortality : physiological mechanisms to modeling', Frontiers in Plant Science, vol 13 .
  • Losso, A., Challis, A., Gauthey, A., Nolan, R., Hislop, S., Roff, A., Boer, M., Jiang, M., Medlyn, B. and Choat, B. (2022), 'Canopy dieback and recovery in Australian native forests following extreme drought', Scientific Reports, vol 12, no 1 .
  • Walker, A., De Kauwe, M., Bastos, A., Belmecheri, S., Georgiou, K., Keeling, R., McMahon, S., Medlyn, B., Moore, D., Norby, R., Zaehle, S., Anderson-Teixeira, K., Battipaglia, G., Brienen, R., Cabugao, K., Cailleret, M., Campbell, E., Canadell, J., Ciais, P., Craig, M., Ellsworth, D., Farquhar, G., Fatichi, S., Fisher, J., Frank, D., Graven, H., Gu, L., Haverd, V., Heilman, K., Heimann, M., Hungate, B., Iversen, C., Joos, F., Jiang, M., Keenan, T., Knauer, J., Knauer, J., Korner, C., Leshyk, V., Leuzinger, S., Liu, Y., MacBean, N., Malhi, Y., McVicar, T., Penuelas, J., Pongratz, J., Shafer Powell, A., Riutta, T., Sabot, M., Schleucher, J., Sitch, S., Smith, W., Sulman, B., Taylor, B., Terrer, C., Torn, M., Treseder, K., Trugman, A., Trumbore, S., Mantgem, P., Voelker, S., Whelan, M. and Zuidema, P. (2021), 'Integrating the evidence for a terrestrial carbon sink caused by increasing atmospheric CO2', New Phytologist, vol 229, no 5 , pp 2413 - 2445.
  • Jiang, M., Kelly, J., Atwell, B., Tissue, D. and Medlyn, B. (2021), 'Drought by CO2 interactions in trees : a test of the water savings mechanism', New Phytologist, vol 230, no 4 , pp 1421 - 1434.
  • Ember, C., Skoggard, I., Felzer, B., Pitek, E. and Jiang, M. (2021), 'Climate variability, drought, and the belief that high gods are associated with weather in nonindustrial societies', Weather, Climate, and Society, vol 13, no 2 , pp 259 - 272.
  • Jiang, M., Medlyn, B., Drake, J., Duursma, R., Anderson, I., Barton, C., Boer, M., Carrillo, Y., Castaneda-Gomez, L., Collins, L., Crous, K., De Kauwe, M., Santos, B., Emerson, K., Facey, S., Gherlenda, A., Gimeno, T., Hasegawa, S., Johnson, S., Kannaste, A., Macdonald, C., Mahmud, K., Moore, B., Nazaries, L., Neilson, E., Nielsen, U., Niinemets, U., Noh, N., Ochoa-Hueso, R., Pathare, V., Pendall, E., Pihlblad, J., Pineiro, J., Powell, J., Power, S., Reich, P., Renchon, A., Riegler, M., Rinnan, R., Rymer, P., Salomon, R., Singh, B., Smith, B., Tjoelker, M., Walker, J., Wujeska-Klause, A., Yang, J., Zaehle, S. and Ellsworth, D. (2020), 'The fate of carbon in a mature forest under carbon dioxide enrichment', Nature, vol 580 , pp 227 - 231.
  • Yang, J., Medlyn, B., De Kauwe, M., Duursma, R., Jiang, M., Kumarathunge, M., Crous, K., Gimeno, T., Wujeska-Klause, A. and Ellsworth, D. (2020), 'Low sensitivity of gross primary production to elevated CO2 in a mature eucalypt woodland', Biogeosciences, vol 17, no 2 , pp 265 - 279.
  • Felzer, B., Ember, C., Cheng, R. and Jiang, M. (2020), 'The relationships of extreme precipitation and temperature events with ethnographic reports of droughts and floods in nonindustrial societies', Weather, Climate, and Society, vol 12, no 1 , pp 135 - 148.
  • Jiang, M., Caldararu, S., Zhang, H., Fleischer, K., Crous, K., Yang, J., De Kauwe, M., Ellsworth, D., Reich, P., Tissue, D., Zaehle, S. and Medlyn, B. (2020), 'Low phosphorus supply constrains plant responses to elevated CO2 : a meta-analysis', Global Change Biology, vol 26, no 10 , pp 5856 - 5873.
  • Jiang, M., Caldararu, S., Zaehle, S., Ellsworth, D. and Medlyn, B. (2019), 'Towards a more physiological representation of vegetation phosphorus processes in land surface models', New Phytologist, vol 222, no 3 , pp 1223 - 1229.
  • Fry, E., De Long, J., Alvarez Garrido, L., Alvarez, N., Carrillo, Y., Castaneda-Gomez, L., Chomel, M., Dondini, M., Drake, J., Hasegawa, S., Hortal, S., Jackson, B., Jiang, M., Lavallee, J., Medlyn, B., Rhymes, J., Singh, B., Smith, P., Anderson, I., Bardgett, R., Baggs, E. and Johnson, D. (2019), 'Using plant, microbe, and soil fauna traits to improve the predictive power of biogeochemical models', Methods in Ecology and Evolution, vol 10, no 1 , pp 146 - 157.
  • Crous, K., Wujeska-Klause, A., Jiang, M., Medlyn, B. and Ellsworth, D. (2019), 'Nitrogen and phosphorus retranslocation of leaves and stemwood in a mature Eucalyptus forest exposed to 5 years of elevated CO2', Frontiers in Plant Science, vol 10 .
  • Jiang, M., Zaehle, S., De Kauwe, M., Walker, A., Caldararu, S., Ellsworth, D. and Medlyn, B. (2019), 'The quasi-equilibrium framework revisited : analyzing long-term CO2 enrichment responses in plant-soil models', Geoscientific Model Development, vol 12, no 5 , pp 2069 - 2089.
  • Fleischer, K., Rammig, A., De Kauwe, M., Walker, A., Domingues, T., Fuchslueger, L., Garcia, S., Goll, D., Grandis, A., Jiang, M., Haverd, V., Hofhansl, F., Holm, J., Kruijt, B., Leung, F., Medlyn, B., Mercado, L., Norby, R., Pak, B., Von Randow, C., Quesada, C., Schaap, K., Valverde-Barrantes, O., Wang, Y., Yang, X., Zaehle, S., Zhu, Q. and Lapola, D. (2019), 'Amazon forest response to CO2 fertilization dependent on plant phosphorus acquisition', Nature Geoscience, vol 12, no 9 , pp 736 - 741.
  • Yang, J., Duursma, R., De Kauwe, M., Kumarathunge, D., Jiang, M., Mahmud, K., Gimeno, T., Crous, K., Ellsworth, D., Peters, J., Choat, B., Eamus, D. and Medlyn, B. (2019), 'Incorporating non-stomatal limitation improves the performance of leaf and canopy models at high vapour pressure deficit', Tree Physiology, vol 39, no 12 , pp 1961 - 1974.
  • Drake, J., Tjoelker, M., Varhammar, A., Medlyn, B., Reich, P., Leigh, A., Pfautsch, S., Blackman, C., Lopez Rodriguez, R., Aspinwall, M., Crous, K., Duursma, R., Kumarathunge, D., De Kauwe, M., Jiang, M., Nicotra, A., Tissue, D., Choat, B., Atkin, O. and Barton, C. (2018), 'Trees tolerate an extreme heatwave via sustained transpirational cooling and increased leaf thermal tolerance', Global Change Biology, vol 24, no 6 , pp 2390 - 2402.
  • Felzer, B. and Jiang, M. (2018), 'Effect of land use and land cover change in context of growth enhancements in the United States since 1700 : net source or sink?', Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, vol 123, no 11 , pp 3439 - 3457.
  • Jiang, M., Felzer, B., Nielsen, U. and Medlyn, B. (2017), 'Biome-specific climatic space defined by temperature and precipitation predictability', Global Ecology and Biogeography, vol 26, no 11 , pp 1270 - 1282.
  • Jiang, M., Felzer, B. and Sahagian, D. (2016), 'Predictability of precipitation over the conterminous U.S. based on the CMIP5 multi-model ensemble', Scientific Reports, vol 6 .
  • Jiang, M., Felzer, B. and Sahagian, D. (2016), 'Characterizing predictability of precipitation means and extremes in the conterminous United States, 1949-2010', Journal of Climate, vol 29, no 7 , pp 2621 - 2633.
  • Jiang, M., Felzer, B., Hargreaves, B. and Zhang, J. (2015), 'Improved understanding of climate change impact to Pennsylvania dairy pasture', Crop Science, vol 55, no 2 , pp 934 - 949.
  • Jiang, M., Bullock, J. and Hooftman, D. (2013), 'Mapping ecosystem service and biodiversity changes over 70 years in a rural English county', Journal of Applied Ecology, vol 50, no 4 , pp 841 - 850.

Previous Projects

Title: Assessing Eucalyptus forest responses to rising CO2 and climate change
  • Australian Research Council (ACRG)
Western Researchers: Mingkai Jiang
Years: 2021-01-01 - 2022-01-25
ID: P00026949
Title: Data-model integration for understanding nitrogen and phosphorus limitations to future forests
  • University of Western Sydney
  • German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD)
Western Researchers: David Ellsworth and Mingkai Jiang
Years: 2017-01-01 - 2019-10-31
ID: P00023576
Title: Cost-benefit analysis of soil amendment to increase carbon sequestration of Australia plantation trees
  • Department of Agriculture and Water Resources (non ACRG)
Western Researchers: Mingkai Jiang
Years: 2022-04-29 - 2023-08-15
ID: P00027830


Title: HIE secures two ARC DECRA Awards for 2021
Description: HIE news
Title: Will Climate Change Upend Projections of Future Forest Growth?
Description: Publication story with Yale Environment 360

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