Doctor Anne Griebel

Doctor Anne Griebel

Researcher in Fuel Moisture Modelling,
Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment


Anne Griebel is a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment at Western Sydney University. Anne joined the HIE in 2016 and is currently working on fuel moisture modeling as part of an ARC Linkage grant on ‘Forecasting live fuel moisture content, the on/off switch for forest fire’ (2021-2023). Previously, she worked with Prof. Elise Pendall as Postdoctoral Research Fellow in biosphere-atmosphere flux ecology (2016-2019) and with A/Prof. Matthias Boer as Postdoctoral Research Fellow in RPAS-based remote sensing (2019-2020). Anne completed her Master’s degree with distinction in Geography at the Rheinische Friedrich-Wilhelms University of Bonn in Germany (2011) and holds a PhD degree from the University of Melbourne (2016). During her dissertation she also completed a Specialist Certificate in Teaching for Graduate Researchers (First Class Honours) at the Melbourne Graduate School of Education at the University of Melbourne (2014).

Anne is a tree physiologist interested in understanding how disturbances (drought, heat and fire) and parasitic plants affect tree health, ecosystem structure and ecosystem function. Her research has focused on deciphering ecosystem carbon, water and energy exchange in response to water and heat stress, which she examined in detail at HIE’s Cumberland Plain flux tower site and synthesized across Australia’s temperate forests. She is particularly intrigued by the physiological interactions between mistletoes and their hosts, the trade-offs between carbon sequestration and water loss, and how droughts and heatwaves influence the flammability of Australian ecosystems.  

For her predominantly experimental research projects, she utilizes observations from micro-meteorological stations (eddy covariance data from FLUXNET) and satellites, which she complements with a suite of sensor networks (such as airborne and terrestrial LiDAR scanners, sap flow sensors, dendrometers) and vegetation surveys. Anne has worked across a large range of ecosystems, from urban grasslands to prairies, and from deciduous to evergreen broadleaf forests, which fuels her drive to find commonalities among these contrasting ecosystems through synthesis studies.

Thus far, Anne has attracted over $610,000 in research support income. Anne is currently chief investigator at an ARC Discovery grant on "Tree-mediated methane fluxes: A new frontier in the global carbon cycle" ($364,850) and at a Hermon Slade Foundation project on "Quantifying forest mortality after unprecedented drought and bushfires in Eastern Australia" ($83,538). In addition, she has been the sole recipient of over $160,000 awarded through 14 individual and competitive grants and stipends, including $125,000 in research scholarships, $25,000 for research support, $10,000 travel support. Further, she published 20+ journal articles and has given over 35+ presentations about her research at national and international conferences.

More details about my past, current and upcoming research projects are available at her personal website.

This information has been contributed by Doctor Griebel.


  • PhD University of Melbourne
  • DGR

Professional Memberships

  • TERN-OzFlux (2012)
  • FLUXNET Young Scientist Network (2015)
  • Woman in Science Western Sydney (2017)
  • American Geophysical Union (2015)


  • German Academic Exchange Service - Stipend for research internship at USGS 2010-06-01
  • Outstanding Student Paper Award - AGU Fall Meeting 2016-02-01
  • iFER RhD Studentship 2012-06-01
  • Australian Postgraduate Award 2012-06-01
  • International Postgraduate Research Scholarship 2012-06-01
  • Melbourne School of Land and Environment research grant 2012-06-01
  • OzFlux Travel award 2013-07-01
  • SF Ponds Travelling Scholarship 2015-08-01


  • Ecosystem Adaptation to Climate Change
  • Big Data Analytics
  • Carbon Cycle
  • Disturbance Ecology
  • Micrometeorology
  • Remote Sensing
  • Tree Physiology

Organisational Unit (School / Division)

  • Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment


  • ECA/MCA Academic Advisory Group
  • TERN OzFlux Steering committee
  • TERN OzFlux ECR committee


Phone: (02) 4570 1668
Location: R2.1.43

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Previous Teaching Areas

  • 300856 Ecosystem Carbon Accounting, 2017
  • 300856 Ecosystem Carbon Accounting, 2018
  • 300856 Ecosystem Carbon Accounting, 2019
  • 300909 Biological Adaptation to Climate Change, 2017
  • 800170 Ecosystems in a Changing World, 2017
  • 800170 Ecosystems in a Changing World, 2018


Journal Articles

  • Griebel, A., Metzen, D., Pendall, E., Nolan, R., Clarke, H., Renchon, A. and Boer, M. (2021), '[In Press] Recovery from severe mistletoe infection after heat- and drought-induced mistletoe death', Ecosystems, .
  • Bennett, A., Arndt, S., Bennett, L., Knauer, J., Beringer, J., Griebel, A., Hinko-Najera, N., Liddell, M., Metzen, D., Pendall, E., Silberstein, R., Wardlaw, T., Woodgate, W. and Haverd, V. (2021), 'Thermal optima of gross primary productivity are closely aligned with mean air temperatures across Australian wooded ecosystems', Global Change Biology, vol 27, no 19 , pp 4727 - 4744.
  • Poyatos, R., Granda, V., Flo, V., Adams, M., Adorjan, B., Aguade, D., Aidar, M., Allen, S., Alvarado-Barrientos, M., Anderson-Teixeira, K., Aparecido, L., Altaf Arain, M., Aranda, I., Asbjornsen, H., Baxter, R., Beamesderfer, E., Berry, Z., Berveiller, D., Blakely, B., Boggs, J., Bohrer, G., Bolstad, P., Bonal, D., Bracho, R., Brito, P., Brodeur, J., Casanoves, F., Chave, J., Chen, H., Cisneros, C., Clark, K., Cremonese, E., Dang, H., David, J., David, T., Delpierre, N., Desai, A., Do, F., Dohnal, M., Domec, J., Dzikiti, S., Edgar, C., Eichstaedt, R., El-Madany, T., Elbers, J., Eller, C., Euskirchen, E., Ewers, B., Fonti, P., Forner, A., Forrester, D., Freitas, H., Galvagno, M., Garcia-Tejera, O., Ghimire, C., Gimeno, T., Grace, J., Granier, A., Griebel, A., Guangyu, Y., Gush, M., Hanson, P., Hasselquist, N., Heinrich, I., Hernandez-Santana, V., Herrmann, V., Holtta, T., Holwerda, F., Irvine, J., Isarangkool Na Ayutthaya, S., Jarvis, P., Jochheim, H., Joly, C., Kaplick, J., Kim, H., Klemedtsson, L., Kropp, H., Lagergren, F., Lane, P., Lang, P., Lapenas, A., Lechuga, V., Lee, M., Leuschner, C., Limousin, J., Linares, J., Linderson, M., Lindroth, A., Llorens, P., Lopez-Bernal, A., Loranty, M., Luttschwager, D., Macinnis-Ng, C., Marechaux, I., Martin, T., Matheny, A., McDowell, N., McMahon, S., Meir, P., Meszaros, I., Migliavacca, M., Mitchell, P., Molder, M., Montagnani, L., Moore, G., Nakada, R., Niu, F., Nolan, R., Norby, R., Novick, K., Oberhuber, W., Obojes, N., Oishi, A., Oliveira, R., Oren, R., Ourcival, J., Paljakka, T., Perez-Priego, O., Peri, P., Peters, R., Pfautsch, S. and et al, .. (2021), 'Global transpiration data from sap flow measurements : the SAPFLUXNET database', Earth System Science Data, vol 13, no 6 , pp 2607 - 2649.
  • Griebel, A., Metzen, D., Boer, M., Barton, C., Renchon, A., Andrews, H. and Pendall, E. (2020), 'Using a paired tower approach and remote sensing to assess carbon sequestration and energy distribution in a heterogeneous sclerophyll forest', Science of the Total Environment, vol 699 .
  • Griebel, A., Metzen, D., Pendall, E., Burba, G. and Metzger, S. (2020), 'Generating spatially robust carbon budgets from flux tower observations', Geophysical Research Letters, vol 47, no 3 .
  • Griebel, A., Bennett, L., Metzen, D., Pendall, E., Lane, P. and Arndt, S. (2020), 'Trading water for carbon : maintaining photosynthesis at the cost of increased water loss during high temperatures in a temperate forest', Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, vol 125, no 1 .
  • Pastorello, G., Trotta, C., Canfora, E., Chu, H., Christianson, D., Cheah, Y., Poindexter, C., Chen, J., Elbashandy, A., Humphrey, M., Isaac, P., Polidori, D., Ribeca, A., Ingen, C., Zhang, L., Amiro, B., Ammann, C., Arain, A., Ardo, J., Arkebauer, T., Arndt, S., Arriga, N., Aubinet, M., Aurela, M., Baldocchi, D., Barr, A., Beamesderfer, E., Marchesini, L., Bergeron, O., Beringer, J., Bernhofer, C., Berveiller, D., Billesbach, D., Black, T., Blanken, P., Bohrer, G., Boike, J., Bolstad, P., Bonal, D., Bonnefond, J., Bowling, D., Bracho, R., Brodeur, J., Brummer, C., Buchmann, N., Burban, B., Burns, S., Buysse, P., Cale, P., Cavagna, M., Cellier, P., Chen, S., Chini, I., Christensen, T., Cleverly, J., Collalti, A., Consalvo, C., Cook, B., Cook, D., Coursolle, C., Cremonese, E., Curtis, P., D'Andrea, E., Rocha, H., Dai, X., Davis, K., Cinti, B., Grandcourt, A., Ligne, A., Oliveira, R., Delpierre, N., Desai, A., Di Bella, C., Di Tommasi, P., Dolman, H., Domingo, F., Dong, G., Dore, S., Duce, P., Dufrene, E., Dunn, A., Dusek, J., Eamus, D., Eichelmann, U., ElKhidir, H., Eugster, W., Ewenz, C., Ewers, B., Famulari, D., Fares, S., Feigenwinter, I., Feitz, A., Fensholt, R., Filippa, G., Fischer, M., Frank, J., Galvagno, M., Gharun, M., Gianelle, D., Gielen, B., Gioli, B., Gitelson, A., Goded, I., Goeckede, M., Goldstein, A., Gough, C., Goulden, M., Graf, A., Griebel, A., Gruening, C., Grunwald, T., Hammerle, A., Han, S., Han, X., Hansen, B., Hanson, C., Hatakka, J., He, Y., Hehn, M., Heinesch, B., Hinko-Najera, N., Hortnagl, L., Hutley, L., Ibrom, A., Ikawa, H., Jackowicz-Korczynski, M., Janous, D., Jans, W., Jassal, R., Jiang, S., Kato, T., Khomik, M., Klatt, J., Knohl, A., Knox, S., Kobayashi, H., Koerber, G., Kolle, O., Kosugi, Y., Kotani, A., Kowalski, A., Kruijt, B., Kurbatova, J., Kutsch, W., Kwon, H., Launiainen, S., Laurila, T., Law, B., Leuning, R., Li, Y., Liddell, M., Limousin, J., Lion, M., Liska, A., Lohila, A., Lopez-Ballesteros, A., Lopez-Blanco, E., Loubet, B., Loustau, D., Lucas-Moffat, A., Luers, J., Ma, S., Macfarlane, C., Magliulo, V., Maier, R., Mammarella, I., Manca, G., Marcolla, B., Margolis, H., Marras, S., Massman, W., Mastepanov, M., Matamala, R., Matthes, J., Mazzenga, F., McCaughey, H., McHugh, I., McMillan, A., Merbold, L., Meyer, W., Meyers, T., Miller, S., Minerbi, S., Moderow, U., Monson, R., Montagnani, L., Moore, C., Moors, E., Moreaux, V., Moureaux, C., Munger, J., Nakai, T., Neirynck, J., Nesic, Z., Nicolini, G., Noormets, A., Northwood, M., Nosetto, M., Nouvellon, Y., Novick, K., Oechel, W., Olesen, J., Ourcival, J., Papuga, S., Parmentier, F., Paul-Limoges, E., Pavelka, M., Peichl, M., Pendall, E., Phillips, R., Pilegaard, K., Pirk, N., Posse, G., Powell, T., Prasse, H., Prober, S., Rambal, S., Rannik, U., Raz-Yaseef, N., Reed, D., Resco de Dios, V. and et al, .. (2020), 'The FLUXNET2015 dataset and the ONEFlux processing pipeline for eddy covariance data', Scientific data, vol 7, no 1 .
  • De Kauwe, M., Medlyn, B., Pitman, A., Drake, J., Ukkola, A., Griebel, A., Pendall, E., Prober, S. and Roderick, M. (2019), 'Examining the evidence for decoupling between photosynthesis and transpiration during heat extremes', Biogeosciences, vol 16, no 4 , pp 903 - 916.
  • Hinko-Najera, N., Najera Umana, J., Smith, M., Low, M., Griebel, A. and Bennett, L. (2019), 'Relationships of intra-annual stem growth with climate indicate distinct growth niches for two co-occurring temperate eucalypts', Science of the Total Environment, vol 690 , pp 991 - 1004.
  • Metzen, D., Sheridan, G., Benyon, R., Bolstad, P., Griebel, A. and Lane, P. (2019), 'Spatio-temporal transpiration patterns reflect vegetation structure in complex upland terrain', Science of the Total Environment, vol 694 .
  • Renchon, A., Griebel, A., Metzen, D., Williams, C., Medlyn, B., Duursma, R., Barton, C., Maier, C., Boer, M., Isaac, P., Tissue, D., Resco de Dios, V. and Pendall, E. (2018), 'Upside-down fluxes Down Under : CO2 net sink in winter and net source in summer in a temperate evergreen broadleaf forest', Biogeosciences, vol 15, no 12 , pp 3703 - 3716.
  • Maes, W., Huete, A., Avino, M., Boer, M., Dehaan, R., Pendall, E., Griebel, A. and Steppe, K. (2018), 'Can UAV-based infrared thermography be used to study plant-parasite interactions between mistletoe and eucalypt trees?', Remote Sensing, vol 10, no 12 .
  • Mallick, K., Toivonen, E., Trebs, I., Boegh, E., Cleverly, J., Eamus, D., Koivusalo, H., Drewry, D., Arndt, S., Griebel, A., Beringer, J. and Garcia, M. (2018), 'Bridging thermal infrared sensing and physically-based evapotranspiration modeling : from theoretical implementation to validation across an aridity gradient in Australian ecosystems', Water Resources Research, vol 54, no 5 , pp 3409 - 3435.
  • Griebel, A., Bennett, L. and Arndt, S. (2017), 'Evergreen and ever growing : stem and canopy growth dynamics of a temperate eucalypt forest', Forest Ecology and Management, vol 389 , pp 417 - 426.
  • Griebel, A., Watson, D. and Pendall, E. (2017), 'Mistletoe, friend and foe : synthesizing ecosystem implications of mistletoe infection', Environmental Research Letters, vol 12, no 11 .
  • Beringer, J., Hutley, L., McHugh, I., Arndt, S., Campbell, D., Cleugh, H., Cleverly, J., Resco de Dios, V., Griebel, A., Pendall, E. and et al, .. (2016), 'An introduction to the Australian and New Zealand flux tower network : OzFlux', Biogeosciences, vol 13, no 21 , pp 5895 - 5916.
  • Gorsel, E., Wolf, S., Cleverly, J., Isaac, P., Haverd, V., Ewenz, C., Arndt, S., Beringer, J., Dios, V., Evans, B., Griebel, A., Hutley, L., Keenan, T., Kljun, N., Macfarlane, C., Meyer, W., McHugh, I., Pendall, E., Prober, S. and Silberstein, R. (2016), 'Carbon uptake and water use in woodlands and forests in southern Australia during an extreme heat wave event in the "angry Summer" of 2012/2013', Biogeosciences, vol 13, no 21 , pp 5947 - 5964.
  • Griebel, A., Bennett, L., Metzen, D., Cleverly, J., Burba, G. and Arndt, S. (2016), 'Effects of inhomogeneities within the flux footprint on the interpretation of seasonal, annual, and interannual ecosystem carbon exchange', Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol 221 , pp 50 - 60.
  • Griebel, A., Bennett, L., Culvenor, D., Newnham, G. and Arndt, S. (2015), 'Reliability and limitations of a novel terrestrial laser scanner for daily monitoring of forest canopy dynamics', Remote Sensing of Environment, vol 166 , pp 205 - 213.

I have established myself as an expert in the discipline of micrometeorology with a passion to combine methods in atmospheric science, remote sensing and ecology to examine the exchange of carbon, water and energy fluxes, soil biogeochemistry and greenhouse gas cycling across a variety of managed and natural ecosystems. I am applying my knowledge, experimental skills and proficiency to globally pressing questions around the impact of climate change and climate extremes on ecosystem properties and biosphere-atmosphere interactions.

My research shows how extreme climate events can lead to forest mortality and modify energy distribution and matter cycling. I further quantified the effect of surface heterogeneity and climate variability on ecosystem carbon budgets and suggested an approach to compensate for these, which enables scientists to more accurately relate ecosystem responses to local climate. I am collaborating with scientists in Australia, Europe and the USA to implement my analytical methods into flux data processing software for OzFlux, the National Ecological Observation Network (NEON) and for LI-COR Biosciences. I am competent in operating high-tech sensors and electronic equipment in the field and analysing ‘Big Data’ sets in order to demonstrate local to global dynamics of carbon, water and energy cycling.

I further developed novel approaches to decipher the impact of climate variability and climate extremes on the carbon allocation dynamics in forests, for which I incorporated terrestrial remote sensing techniques at my research sites and established robust quality control approaches that are on the forefront of automated monitoring systems.

In addition to contributing eddy covariance data sets from six flux tower locations across managed and natural ecosystems, I am an active participant and a leader in micrometeorological data processing workshops within the Australian and international flux community. Furthermore, I have combined eddy covariance data with chamber measurements to assess the impact of land conversion on carbon, nitrous oxide and methane fluxes, and to establish greenhouse gas budgets under the CO2-equavalent framework. My research typically produces large datasets that are an integral part of global-scale ‘Big Data’ networks quantifying how climate dynamics and climate extremes shape ecosystem processes. My data have been downloaded over 5000 times in the last two years for incorporation in large-scale synthesis studies, showing that my research addresses globally relevant questions in atmospheric sciences, climate change science and ecology.

This information has been contributed by Doctor Griebel.

Current Projects

Title: Quantifying forest mortality after unprecedented drought and bushfires in Eastern Australia
  • The Hermon Slade Foundation
Western Researchers: Rachael Nolan, Matthias Boer, Brendan Choat, Belinda Medlyn and Anne Griebel
Years: 2020-07-01 - 2023-06-30
ID: P00026509


Current Supervision

Thesis Title: Modelling the Carbon Balance of Australian Forests
Field of Research:


Title: Heat tips forest from CO2 sink to source
Description: TERN newsletter
Title: Tea trees crave water during hot and dry summer days
Description: Fresh Science
Title: Lasers check the pulse of Wombat Forest
Description: Sydney Morning Herald
Title: Mistletoe is ???kiss of death
Description: AGU Press office
Title: The mistletoe of the future could kill more trees
Description: Environmental Research Web

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