Associate Professor Simon Green

Associate Professor Simon Green

Associate Professor in Sport & Excercise Science,
Sport & Exercise Science

Biography

I lived in a northern suburb of Adelaide for most of my young life and was educated in the public system at Para Hills West Primary School and Para Hills High School. I then completed BAppSc, MA and PhD degrees at the University of South Australia, University of Victoria (British Columbia, Canada) and University of Western Australia. I started my first academic appointment in the School of Human Movement Studies at QUT (Brisbane) in 1994 before taking academic appointments in Physiology at Trinity College Dublin, University of New England (Armidale) and the University of Otago (NZ). I joined UWS in 2011 and was also appointed to Neuroscience Research Australia as an honorary senior research officer.

I have taught across a broad range of undergraduate and postgraduate subjects in Physiology, Biophysics, Exercise Science and Medicine. My current teaching is focused on exercise physiology. My research is focused on exercise and integrative physiology, with a special focus on cardiovascular control (see later section for more details).

I have supervised undergraduate research, Honours, Masters and PhD students in all universities I have worked in, and for the most part I have been the primary supervisor of these students.

This information has been contributed by Associate Professor Green.

Qualifications

  • PhD University of Western Australia
  • MA University of Victoria (Canada)
  • BAppSC South Australian College of Advanced Education

Professional Memberships

  • Australian Physiological Society (1995)

Organisational Unit (School / Division)

  • Sport & Exercise Science

Contact

Email: Simon.Green@westernsydney.edu.au
Phone: (02) 4620 3272
Mobile:
Location: 20.G.36
Campbelltown

PLEASE NOTE: obtaining information from this Directory must be for the legitimate purposes of doing business with and within Western Sydney University, and must not be used for unsolicited bulk e-mailing (spamming) or similar purposes.

Teaching

Previous Teaching Areas

  • 401142 Exercise Physiology, 2012
  • 401414 Advanced Sport and Exercise Science, 2019

Publications

Journal Articles

  • Green, S., Kiely, C., O'Connor, E., Gildea, N., O'Shea, D. and Egana, M. (2022), 'Differential effects of sex on adaptive responses of skeletal muscle vasodilation to exercise training in type 2 diabetes', Journal of Diabetes and its Complications, vol 36, no 1 .
  • Green, S. and Stuart, D. (2021), 'Oxygen and pulmonary arterial hypertension : effects, mechanisms, and therapeutic benefits', European Journal of Preventive Cardiology, vol 28, no 1 , pp 127 - 136.
  • Gildea, N., McDermott, A., Rocha, J., O'Shea, D., Green, S. and Egana, M. (2021), 'Time-course of VO2 kinetics responses during moderate-intensity exercise subsequent to HIIT vs moderate-intensity continuous training in type 2 diabetes', Journal of Applied Physiology, vol 130, no 6 , pp 1646 - 1659.
  • Gildea, N., McDermott, A., Rocha, J., O'Shea, D., Green, S. and Egana, M. (2021), 'Time course of changes in VO2peak and O2 extraction during ramp cycle exercise following HIIT versus moderate-intensity continuous training in type 2 diabetes', American Journal of Physiology, vol 320, no 5 , pp 683 - 696.
  • Gildea, N., Rocha, J., O'Shea, D., Green, S. and Egana, M. (2021), 'Priming exercise accelerates pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics during "work-to-work" cycle exercise in middle-aged individuals with type 2 diabetes', European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol 121, no 2 , pp 409 - 423.
  • Boulton, D., Taylor, C., Green, S. and Macefield, V. (2021), 'The role of central command in the increase in muscle sympathetic nerve activity to contracting muscle during high intensity isometric exercise', Frontiers in Neuroscience, vol 15 .
  • Finn, H., Kennedy, D., Green, S. and Taylor, J. (2020), 'Fatigue-related feedback from calf muscles impairs knee extensor voluntary activation', Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol 52, no 10 , pp 2136 - 2144.
  • Green, S. and Stuart, D. (2020), 'Oxygen therapy for pulmonary arterial hypertension : we need to rethink and investigate', Respirology, vol 25, no 5 , pp 470 - 471.
  • Green, S., Kiely, C., O?Connor, E., Gildea, N., O?Shea, D. and Egana, M. (2020), 'Effects of exercise training and sex on dynamic responses of O2 uptake in type 2 diabetes', Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, vol 45, no 8 , pp 865 - 874.
  • Boulton, D., Green, S., Macefield, V. and Taylor, C. (2019), 'A comparison of muscle sympathetic nerve activity to non-contracting muscle during isometric exercise in the upper and lower limbs', Frontiers in Neuroscience, vol 13 .
  • Green, S. and Stuart, D. (2019), 'Effects of oxygen therapy in a pediatric normoxemic patient with pulmonary arterial hypertension and congenital heart disease', Pulmonary Circulation, vol 9, no 2 , pp 1 - 3.
  • Rocha, J., Gildea, N., O?Shea, D., Green, S. and Egana, M. (2019), 'Influence of priming exercise on oxygen uptake and muscle deoxygenation kinetics during moderate-intensity cycling in type 2 diabetes', Journal of Applied Physiology, vol 127, no 4 , pp 1140 - 1149.
  • Gildea, N., Rocha, J., McDermott, A., O'Shea, D., Green, S. and Egana, M. (2019), 'Influence of type 2 diabetes on muscle deoxygenation during ramp incremental cycle exercise', Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology, vol 269 .
  • Askew, C. and Green, S. (2019), 'Confirming VO2max without bias', Journal of Applied Physiology, vol 126, no 2 , pp 511 - 511.
  • Green, S., McGlynn, S., Stuart, D., Fahey, P., Pettigrew, J. and Clothier, P. (2018), 'Assessment of numeracy in sports and exercise science students at an Australian university', International Journal of Mathematical Education in Science and Technology, vol 49, no 4 , pp 571 - 587.
  • Murphy, E., Rocha, J., Gildea, N., Green, S. and Egana, M. (2018), 'Venous occlusion plethysmography vs. Doppler ultrasound in the assessment of leg blood flow kinetics during different intensities of calf exercise', European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol 118, no 2 , pp 249 - 260.
  • Green, S. and Askew, C. (2018), 'VO2peak is an acceptable estimate of cardiorespiratory fitness but not VO2max', Journal of Applied Physiology, vol 125, no 1 , pp 229 - 232.
  • Chan, D., Green, S., Fiatarone Singh, M., Barnard, R., Bonder, C. and Cheema, B. (2018), 'Effect of intradialytic resistance training on pulse wave velocity and associated cardiovascular disease biomarkers in end stage renal disease', Nephrology, vol 23, no 11 , pp 1055 - 1062.
  • Siegler, J., Vargas, N. and Green, S. (2018), 'Sodium bicarbonate supplementation minimally affects the accumulated oxygen deficit during intense cycling to exhaustion', Translational Sports Medicine, vol 1, no 2 , pp 95 - 100.
  • Boulton, D., Taylor, C., Green, S. and Macefield, V. (2018), 'The metaboreflex does not contribute to the increase in muscle sympathetic nerve activity to contracting muscle during static exercise in humans', Journal of Physiology, vol 596, no 6 , pp 1091 - 1102.
  • Finn, H., Rouffet, D., Kennedy, D., Green, S. and Taylor, J. (2018), 'Motoneuron excitability of the quadriceps decreases during a fatiguing submaximal isometric contraction', Journal of Applied Physiology, vol 124, no 4 , pp 970 - 979.
  • Green, S., O'Connor, E., Kiely, C., O'Shea, D. and Egana, M. (2018), 'Effect of obesity on oxygen uptake and cardiovascular dynamics during whole-body and leg exercise in adult males and females', Physiological Reports, vol 6, no 9 .
  • Green, S. and Askew, C. (2018), 'Last word on viewpoint: VO2peak is an acceptable estimate of cardiorespiratory fitness but not VO2max', Journal of Applied Physiology, vol 125, no 1 , pp 241 - 241.
  • Mudie, K., Gupta, A., Green, S., Hobara, H. and Clothier, P. (2017), 'A comparison of vertical stiffness values calculated from different measures of center of mass displacement in single-leg hopping', Journal of Applied Biomechanics, vol 33, no 1 , pp 39 - 47.
  • Rispen, L., Marks, D. and Green, S. (2017), 'Dynamic ventilatory responses of females and males to acute isocapnic and poikilocapnic hypoxia', Respiratory Physiology and Neurobiology, vol 245 , pp 57 - 64.
  • Hagstrom, A., Marshall, P., Lonsdale, C., Papalia, S., Cheema, B., Toben, C., Baune, B., Fiatarone Singh, M. and Green, S. (2016), 'The effect of resistance training on markers of immune function and inflammation in previously sedentary women recovering from breast cancer : a randomized controlled trial', Breast Cancer Research and Treatment, vol 155, no 3 , pp 471 - 482.
  • Hagstrom, A., Marshall, P., Lonsdale, C., Cheema, B., Fiatarone Singh, M. and Green, S. (2016), 'Resistance training improves fatigue and quality of life in previously sedentary breast cancer survivors : a randomised controlled trial', European Journal of Cancer Care, vol 25, no 5 , pp 784 - 794.
  • Mudie, K., Gupta, A., Green, S. and Clothier, P. (2016), 'Adaptation of lower limb movement patterns when maintaining performance in the presence of muscle fatigue', Human Movement Science, vol 48 , pp 28 - 36.
  • Chan, D., Green, S., Fiatarone Singh, M., Barnard, R. and Cheema, B. (2016), 'Development, feasibility, and efficacy of a customized exercise device to deliver intradialytic resistance training in patients with end stage renal disease : non-randomized controlled crossover trial', Hemodialysis International, vol 20, no 4 , pp 650 - 660.
  • Boulton, D., Taylor, C., Macefield, V. and Green, S. (2016), 'Contributions of central command and muscle feedback to sympathetic nerve activity in contracting human skeletal muscle', Frontiers in Physiology, vol 7 .
  • Siegler, J., Marshall, P., Bishop, D., Shaw, G. and Green, S. (2016), 'Mechanistic insights into the efficacy of sodium bicarbonate supplementation to improve athletic performance', Sports Medicine - Open, vol 2, no 41 .
  • Green, S. and Siegler, J. (2016), 'Empirical modeling of metabolic alkalosis induced by sodium bicarbonate ingestion', Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, vol 41, no 10 , pp 1092 - 1095.
  • Siegler, J., Marshall, P., Pouslen, M., Nielsen, N., Kennedy, D. and Green, S. (2015), 'The effect of pH on fatigue during submaximal isometric contractions of the human calf muscle', European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol 115, no 3 , pp 565 - 577.
  • Green, S., Stefanovic, B., Warman, J. and Askew, C. (2015), 'Empirical modelling of the dynamic response of fatigue during intermittent submaximal contractions of human forearm and calf muscles', Journal of Electromyography and Kinesiology, vol 25, no 1 , pp 14 - 19.
  • Green, S. and Cameron, E. (2015), 'Interactive effect of acute sympathetic activation and exercise intensity on the dynamic response characteristics of vascular conductance in the human calf muscle', European Journal of Applied Physiology, .
  • Green, S., Ega?a, M., Baldi, J., Lamberts, R. and Regensteiner, J. (2015), 'Cardiovascular control during exercise in type 2 diabetes mellitus', Journal of Diabetes Research, vol 2015 .
  • O'Connor, E., Green, S., Kiely, C., O'Shea, D. and Ega?a, M. (2015), 'Differential effects of age and type 2 diabetes on dynamic vs. peak response of pulmonary oxygen uptake during exercise', Journal of Applied Physiology, vol 118, no 8 , pp 1031 - 1039.
  • Reilly, H., Egana, M. and Green, S. (2015), 'Intensity-dependent effect of ageing on fatigue during intermittent contractions of the human calf muscle in males and females', European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol 115, no 9 , pp 1927 - 1937.
  • Kiely, C., Rocha, J., O'Connor, E., O'Shea, D., Green, S. and Egana, M. (2015), 'Influence of menopause and type 2 diabetes on pulmonary oxygen uptake kinetics and peak exercise performance during cycling', American Journal of Physiology, vol 309, no 8 , pp 875 - 883.
  • Green, S., Rispen, L. and Brugniaux, J. (2015), 'Exercise, hypoxia and systemic oxygen extraction : a tale of two tips', British Journal of Anaesthesia, .
  • Green, S., Robinson, E. and Wallis, E. (2014), 'Assessment of calf muscle fatigue during submaximal exercise using transcranial magnetic stimulation versus transcutaneous motor nerve stimulation', European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol 114, no 1 , pp 113 - 121.
  • Boulton, D., Taylor, C., Macefield, V. and Green, S. (2014), 'Effect of contraction intensity on sympathetic nerve activity to active human skeletal muscle', Frontiers in Physiology, vol 5 , pp 1 - 9.
  • Kiely, C., O'Connor, E., O'Shea, D., Green, S. and Ega?a, M. (2014), 'Hemodynamic responses during graded and constant-load plantar flexion exercise in middle-aged men and women with type 2 diabetes', Journal of Applied Physiology, vol 117, no 7 , pp 755 - 764.
  • Donnelly, J. and Green, S. (2013), 'Effect of hypoxia on the dynamic response of hyperaemia in the contracting human calf muscle', Experimental Physiology, vol 98, no 1 , pp 81 - 93.
  • Siegler, J., Marshall, P., Raftry, S., Brooks, C., Dowswell, B., Romero, R. and Green, S. (2013), 'The differential effect of metabolic alkalosis on maximum force and rate of force development during repeated, high-intensity cycling', Journal of Applied Physiology, vol 115 , pp 1634 - 1640.
  • O'Connor, E., Kiely, C., O'Shea, D., Green, S. and Egana, M. (2012), 'Similar level of impairment in exercise performance and oxygen uptake kinetics in middle-aged men and women with type 2 diabetes', American Journal of Physiology, vol 303, no 1 , pp 70 - 76.
  • James, A. and Green, S. (2012), 'A phenomenological model of muscle fatigue and the power-endurance relationship', Journal of Applied Physiology, vol 113, no 10 , pp 1643 - 1651.
  • Reeder, E. and Green, S. (2012), 'Dynamic response characteristics of hyperaemia in the human calf muscle : effect of exercise intensity and relation to electromyographic activity', European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol 112, no 12 , pp 3997 - 4013.
  • MacAnaney, O., O'Shea, D., Warmington, S., Green, S. and Egana, M. (2012), 'Gymnasium-based unsupervised exercise maintains benefits in oxygen uptake kinetics obtained following supervised training in type 2 diabetes', Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism, vol 37, no 4 , pp 599 - 609.
  • Green, S., Thorp, R., Reeder, E., Donnelly, J. and Fordy, G. (2011), 'Venous occlusion plethysmography versus Doppler ultrasound in the assessment of leg blood flow during calf exercise.', European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol 111 , pp 1889 - 1900.
  • Macananey, O., Malone, J., Warmington, S., O'Shea, D. and Green, S. (2011), 'Cardiac output responses are not related to the slowed oxygen uptake kinetics in type 2 diabetes.', Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, vol 43, no 6 , pp 935 - 942.
  • Macananey, O., Reilly, H., O'Shea, D., Egana, M. and Green, S. (2011), 'Effect of type 2 diabetes on the dynamic response characteristics of leg vascular conductance during exercise', Diabetes Vascular Disease Research, vol 8, no 1 , pp 12 - 21.
  • Egana, M., Reilly, H. and Green, S. (2010), 'Effect of elastic-band-based resistance training on leg blood flow in elderly women', Applied Physiology Nutrition and Metabolism, vol 35, no 6 , pp 763 - 772.
  • Egana, M., Ryan, K., Warmington, S. and Green, S. (2010), 'Effect of body tilt angle on fatigue and EMG activities in lower limbs during cycling', European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol 108, no 4 , pp 649 - 656.
  • Green, S., Smith, N. and Kerr, G. (2010), 'Electromyographic activity in lower limb muscles is temporally associated with the slow phase of oxygen uptake during cycling', Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, vol 20, no 2 , pp 310 - 319.

Conference Papers

  • Guo, Y., Green, S., Park, L. and Rispen, L. (2018), 'Left ventricle volume measuring using echocardiography sequences', DICTA (Conference), Canberra, A.C.T..
  • Mudie, K., Gupta, A., Green, S. and Clothier, P. (2016), 'Sex differences in lower limb movement variability during a fatiguing repetitive loading task', International Conference on Biomechanics in Sports, Tsukuba, Japan.
  • Cameron, E. and Green, S. (2012), 'Functional sympatholysis is a time- and intensity-dependent process in the contracting human calf muscle', Sydney 2012 Joint AuPS/PSNX/ABS Meeting, Sydney.
  • Boulton, D., Taylor, C., Macefield, V. and Green, S. (2012), 'Neural control of blood flow to a contracting muscle: roles of central command and metaboreceptors', Sydney 2012 Joint AuPS/PSNZ/ASB Meeting, Sydney.

I am a physiologist interested primarily in the integrated control of physiological responses to exercise and posture. My research is focused mainly on vascular and metabolic control in skeletal muscle, its link to muscle fatigue, and its application to understanding exercise intolerance and hypertension in cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. In addition, I am interested in understanding the causes of exercise intolerance in childhood cardiopulmonary diseases and the role that exercise plays in the management of these diseases. I have on-going collaborations with colleagues at UWS and UNSW, as well as colleagues in Queensland and Victoria, New Zealand, Ireland and the USA.

My research interests are primarily in exercise and integrative physiology, and current research topics (and collaborators) include:

1. Control of muscle blood flow in contracting human skeletal muscle (Associate Professor Richard Fitzpatrick, NeuRA).

2. Muscle perfusion-contractility interactions with applications to stroke (Associate Professor Richard Fitzpatrick and Dr Penelope McNulty, NeuRA).

3. Control of sympathetic nerve activity to contracting human skeletal muscle (Dr Chloe Taylor and Professor Vaughan Macefield, UWS).

4. Mathematical modeling and exercise (Dr Alex James, U Canterbury NZ).

5. Acid, oxygen and muscle fatigue (Drs Jason Siegler and Paul Marshall, UWS).

6. Hypoxia, exercise and cardiorespiratory control with applications to pulmonary hypertension.

7. Exercise, pharmacotherapy and cardiovascular control in type 2 diabetes (Dr Mikel Egana, Trinity College Dublin).

8. Exercise, muscle and peripheral arterial disease (Associate Professor Chris Askew, Sunshine Coast; Professor Phil Walker, UQ; Assocaite Professor Phil Sheard, Otago).

This information has been contributed by Associate Professor Green.

Previous Projects

Title: Potassium and the control of blood flow in contracting human skeletal muscle
Funder:
  • University of Western Sydney
Western Researchers: Simon Green and Richard Fitzpatrick
Years: 2013-12-09 - 2015-05-09
ID: P00021806
Title: Physiological fatigue and performance monitoring in Australian Rules Football
Funder:
  • University of Western Sydney
  • Western Sydney Football Club Ltd t/a GWS GIANTS
Western Researchers: Jason Siegler, Ric Lovell, Paul Marshall and Simon Green
Years: 2012-09-25 - 2013-11-30
ID: P00021007
Title: Bankstown City Aged Care Wellness Centre (Phase 2)
Funder:
  • Bankstown City Aged Care Ltd
Western Researchers: Simon Green
Years: 2017-07-01 - 2017-12-31
ID: P00024628
Title: Exercise Science and BCAC Wellness Centre
Funder:
  • Bankstown City Aged Care Ltd
Western Researchers: Simon Green
Years: 2016-12-15 - 2017-06-21
ID: P00024439

Supervision

Previous Supervision

Thesis Title: The Control of Muscle Sympathetic Nerve Activity to a Contracting Muscle Group in Humans
Field of Research: Medical Studies, N.e.c.; Other Natural And Physical Sciences
Thesis Title: Effect of Intradialytic Progressive Resistance Training on Arterial Stiffness and Associated Cardiovascular Outcomes in Patients with End-Stage Renal Disease
Field of Research: Other Health; Health, N.e.c.; Physiotherapy
Thesis Title: Effect of Resistance Training on Natural Killer Cell Activity in Women Recovering from Breast Cancer Treatment: A Randomised Controlled Trial
Field of Research: Natural And Physical Sciences; Medical Science

Western Sydney University

Locked Bag 1797
Penrith NSW 2751

Tel: +61 2 9852 5222

ABN 53 014 069 881
CRICOS Provider No: 00917k