Associate Professor Brendan Choat

Associate Professor Brendan Choat

Associate Professor,
Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment

Biography

Qualifications

  • Phd James Cook University

Organisational Unit (School / Division)

  • Hawkesbury Institute for the Environment

Contact

Email: B.Choat@westernsydney.edu.au
Phone: (02) 4570 1901
Mobile:
Location: L3.G.08
Hawkesbury

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Publications

Journal Articles

  • Nolan, R., Gauthey, A., Losso, A., Medlyn, B., Smith, R., Chhajed, S., Fuller, K., Song, M., Li, X., Beaumont, L., Boer, M., Wright, I. and Choat, B. (2021), 'Hydraulic failure and tree size linked with canopy die-back in eucalypt forest during extreme drought', New Phytologist, vol 230, no 4 , pp 1354 - 1365.
  • Jiang, X., Choat, B., Zhang, Y., Guan, X., Shi, W. and Cao, K. (2021), 'Variation in xylem hydraulic structure and function of two mangrove species across a latitudinal gradient in eastern Australia', Water, vol 13, no 6 .
  • Oyanoghafo, O., O'Brien, C., Choat, B., Tissue, D. and Rymer, P. (2021), 'Vulnerability to xylem cavitation of Hakea species (Proteaceae) from a range of biomes and life histories predicted by climatic niche', Annals of Botany, vol 127, no 7 , pp 909 - 918.
  • Lopez, R., Cano, F., Martin-StPaul, N., Cochard, H. and Choat, B. (2021), 'Coordination of stem and leaf traits define different strategies to regulate water loss and tolerance ranges to aridity', New Phytologist, vol 230, no 2 , pp 497 - 509.
  • Li, X., He, X., Smith, R., Choat, B. and Tissue, D. (2020), 'Temperature alters the response of hydraulic architecture to CO2 in cotton plants (Gossypium hirsutum)', Environmental and Experimental Botany, vol 172 .
  • Li, X., Smith, R., Choat, B. and Tissue, D. (2020), 'Drought resistance of cotton (Gossypium hirsutum) is promoted by early stomatal closure and leaf shedding', Functional Plant Biology, vol 47, no 2 , pp 91 - 98.
  • Brodribb, T., Powers, J., Cochard, H. and Choat, B. (2020), 'Hanging by a thread? : forests and drought', Science, vol 368, no 6488 , pp 261 - 266.
  • De Kauwe, M., Medlyn, B., Ukkola, A., Mu, M., Sabot, M., Pitman, A., Meir, P., Cernusak, L., Rifai, S., Choat, B., Tissue, D., Blackman, C., Li, X., Roderick, M. and Briggs, P. (2020), 'Identifying areas at risk of drought-induced tree mortality across South-Eastern Australia', Global Change Biology, vol 26, no 10 , pp 5716 - 5733.
  • Li, X., Delzon, S., Torres-Ruiz, J., Badel, E., Burlett, R., Cochard, H., Jansen, S., King, A., Lamarque, L., Lenoir, N., St-Paul, N. and Choat, B. (2020), 'Lack of vulnerability segmentation in four angiosperm tree species : evidence from direct X-ray microtomography observation', Annals of Forest Science, vol 77, no 2 .
  • Nolan, R., Blackman, C., Resco de Dios, V., Choat, B., Medlyn, B., Li, X., Bradstock, R. and Boer, M. (2020), 'Linking forest flammability and plant vulnerability to drought', Forests, vol 11, no 7 .
  • Peters, J., Gauthey, A., Lopez, R., Carins-Murphy, M., Brodribb, T. and Choat, B. (2020), 'Non-invasive imaging reveals convergence in root and stem vulnerability to cavitation across five tree species', Journal of Experimental Biology, vol 71, no 20 , pp 6623 - 6637.
  • Jacob, V., Zhang, H., Churchill, A., Yang, J., Choat, B., Medlyn, B., Power, S. and Tissue, D. (2020), 'Warming reduces net carbon gain and productivity in Medicago sativa and Festuca arundinacea', Agronomy, vol 10, no 10 .
  • Gauthey, A., Peters, J., Carins-Murphy, M., Rodriguez-Dominguez, C., Li, X., Delzon, S., King, A., Lopez, R., Medlyn, B., Tissue, D., Brodribb, T. and Choat, B. (2020), 'Visual and hydraulic techniques produce similar estimates of cavitation resistance in woody species', New Phytologist, vol 228, no 3 , pp 884 - 897.
  • Kattge, J., Bonisch, G., Diaz, S., Lavorel, S., Prentice, I., Leadley, P., Tautenhahn, S., Werner, G., Aakala, T., Abedi, M., Acosta, A., Adamidis, G., Adamson, K., Aiba, M., Albert, C., Alcantara, J., Alcazar C, C., Aleixo, I., Ali, H., Amiaud, B., Ammer, C., Amoroso, M., Anand, M., Anderson, C., Anten, N., Antos, J., Apgaua, D., Ashman, T., Asmara, D., Asner, G., Aspinwall, M., Atkin, O., Aubin, I., Baastrup-Spohr, L., Bahalkeh, K., Bahn, M., Baker, T., Baker, W., Bakker, J., Baldocchi, D., Baltzer, J., Banerjee, A., Baranger, A., Barlow, J., Barneche, D., Baruch, Z., Bastianelli, D., Battles, J., Bauerle, W., Bauters, M., Bazzato, E., Beckmann, M., Beeckman, H., Beierkuhnlein, C., Bekker, R., Belfry, G., Belluau, M., Beloiu, M., Benavides, R., Benomar, L., Berdugo-Lattke, M., Berenguer, E., Bergamin, R., Bergmann, J., Bergmann Carlucci, M., Berner, L., Bernhardt-Romermann, M., Bigler, C., Bjorkman, A., Blackman, C., Blanco, C., Blonder, B., Blumenthal, D., Bocanegra-Gonzalez, K., Boeckx, P., Bohlman, S., Bohning-Gaese, K., Boisvert-Marsh, L., Bond, W., Bond-Lamberty, B., Boom, A., Boonman, C., Bordin, K., Boughton, E., Boukili, V., Bowman, D., Bravo, S., Brendel, M., Broadley, M., Brown, K., Bruelheide, H., Brumnich, F., Bruun, H., Bruy, D., Buchanan, S., Bucher, S., Buchmann, N., Buitenwerf, R., Bunker, D., Burger, J., Burrascano, S., Burslem, D., Butterfield, B., Byun, C., Marques, M., Scalon, M., Caccianiga, M., Cadotte, M., Cailleret, M., Camac, J., Camarero, J., Campany, C., Campetella, G., Campos, J., Cano-Arboleda, L., Canullo, R., Carbognani, M., Carvalho, F., Casanoves, F., Castagneyrol, B., Catford, J., Cavender-Bares, J., Cerabolini, B., Cervellini, M., Chacon-Madrigal, E., Chapin, K., Chapin, F., Chelli, S., Chen, S., Chen, A., Cherubini, P., Chianucci, F., Choat, B., Chung, K., Chytry, M., Ciccarelli, D., Coll, L., Collins, C., Conti, L., Coomes, D., Cornelissen, J., Cornwell, W., Corona, P., Coyea, M., Craine, J., Craven, D., Cromsigt, J., Csecserits, A., Cufar, K., Cuntz, M., da Silva, A., Dahlin, K., Dainese, M., Dalke, I., Dalle Fratte, M., Dang-Le, A., Danihelka, J., Dannoura, M., Dawson, S., De Beer, A., De Frutos, A., De Long, J., Dechant, B., Delagrange, S., Delpierre, N., Derroire, G., Dias, A., Diaz-Toribio, M., Dimitrakopoulos, P., Dobrowolski, M., Doktor, D., Drevojan, P., Dong, N., Dransfield, J., Dressler, S., Duarte, L., Ducouret, E., Dullinger, S., Durka, W., Duursma, R., Dymova, O., E-Vojtko, A., Eckstein, R., Ejtehadi, H., Elser, J., Emilio, T., Engemann, K., Erfanian, M., Erfmeier, A., Esquivel-Muelbert, A., Esser, G., Estiarte, M., Domingues, T., Fagan, W., Fagundez, J., Falster, D., Fan, Y., Fang, J., Farris, E., Fazlioglu, F., Feng, Y., Fernandez-Mendez, F., Ferrara, C., Ferreira, J., Fidelis, A., Finegan, B., Firn, J., Flowers, T., Flynn, D., Fontana, V., Forey, E., Forgiarini, C., Francois, L., Frangipani, M., Frank, D., Frenette-Dussault, C., Freschet, G., Fry, E., Fyllas, N., Mazzochini, G., Gachet, S., Gallagher, R., Ganade, G., Ganga, F., Garcia-Palacios, P., Gargaglione, V., Garnier, E., Garrido, J., Gasper, A., Gea-Izquierdo, G., Gibson, D., Gillison, A., Giroldo, A., Glasenhardt, M., Gleason, S., Gliesch, M., Goldberg, E., Goldel, B., Gonzalez-Akre, E., Gonzalez-Andujar, J., Gonzalez-Melo, A., Gonzalez-Robles, A., Graae, B., Granda, E., Graves, S., Green, W., Gregor, T., Gross, N., Guerin, G., Gunther, A., Gutierrez, A., Haddock, L., Haines, A., Hall, J., Hambuckers, A., Han, W., Harrison, S., Hattingh, W., Hawes, J., He, T., He, P., Heberling, J., Helm, A., Hempel, S., Hentschel, J., Herault, B., Heres, A., Herz, K., Heuertz, M., Hickler, T., Hietz, P., Higuchi, P., Hipp, A., Hirons, A., Hock, M., Hogan, J., Holl, K., Honnay, O., Hornstein, D., Hou, E., Hough-Snee, N., Hovstad, K., Ichie, T., Igic, B., Illa, E., Isaac, M., Ishihara, M., Ivanov, L., Ivanova, L., Iversen, C., Izquierdo, J., Jackson, R., Jackson, B., Jactel, H., Jagodzinski, A., Jandt, U., Jansen, S., Jenkins, T., Jentsch, A., Jespersen, J., Jiang, G., Johansen, J., Johnson, D., Jokela, E., Joly, C., Jordan, G., Joseph, G., Junaedi, D., Junker, R., Justes, E., Kabsems, R., Kane, J., Kaplan, Z., Kattenborn, T., Kavelenova, L., Kearsley, E., Kempel, A., Kenzo, T., Kerkhoff, A., Khalil, M., Kinlock, N., Kissling, W., Kitajima, K., Kitzberger, T., Kjoller, R., Klein, T., Kleyer, M., Klimesova, J., Klipel, J., Kloeppel, B., Klotz, S., Knops, J., Kohyama, T., Koike, F., Kollmann, J., Komac, B., Komatsu, K., Konig, C., Kraft, N., Kramer, K., Kreft, H., Kuhn, I., Kumarathunge, D., Kuppler, J., Kurokawa, H., Kurosawa, Y., Kuyah, S., Laclau, J., Lafleur, B., Lallai, E., Lamb, E., Lamprecht, A., Larkin, D., Laughlin, D., Le Bagousse-Pinguet, Y., Le Maire, G., Le Roux, P., Le Roux, E., Lee, T., Lens, F., Lewis, S., Lhotsky, B., Li, Y., Li, X., Lichstein, J., Liebergesell, M., Lim, J., Lin, Y., Linares, J., Liu, C., Liu, D., Liu, U., Livingstone, S., Llusia, J., Lohbeck, M., Lopez-Garcia, A., Lopez-Gonzalez, G., Lososova, Z., Louault, F., Lukacs, B., Kukes, P., Luo, Y., Lussu, M., Ma, S., Maciel Rabelo Pereira, C., Mack, M., Maire, V., Makela, A., Makinen, H., Malhado, A., Mallik, A., Manning, P., Manzoni, S., Marchetti, Z., Marchino, L., Marcilio-Silva, V., Marcon, E., Marignani, M., Markesteijn, L., Martin, A., Martinez-Garza, C., Martinez-Vilalta, J., Maskova, T., Mason, K., Mason, N., Massad, T., Masse, J., Mayrose, I., McCarthy, J., McCormack, M., McCulloch, K., McFadden, I., McGill, B., McPartland, M., Medeiros, J., Medlyn, B., Meerts, P., Mehrabi, Z., Meir, P., Melo, F., Mencuccini, M., Meredieu, C., Messier, J., Meszaros, I., Metsaranta, J., Michaletz, S., Michelaki, C., Migalina, S., Milla, R., Miller, J., Minden, V., Ming, R., Mokany, K., Moles, A., Molnar, A., Molofsky, J., Molz, M., Montgomery, R., Monty, A., Moravcova, L., Moreno-Martinez, A., Moretti, M., Mori, A., Mori, S., Morris, D., Morrison, J., Mucina, L., Mueller, S., Muir, C., Muller, S., Munoz, F., Myers-Smith, I., Myster, R., Nagano, M., Naidu, S., Narayanan, A., Natesan, B., Negoita, L., Nelson, A., Neuschulz, E., Ni, J., Niedrist, G., Nieto, J., Niinemets, U., Nolan, R., Power, S., Reich, P., Tissue, D. and Tjoelker, M. (2020), 'TRY plant trait database : enhanced coverage and open access', Global Change Biology, vol 26, no 1 , pp 119 - 188.
  • Choat, B., Nolf, M., Lopez, R., Peters, J., Carins-Murphy, M., Creek, D. and Brodribb, T. (2019), 'Non-invasive imaging shows no evidence of embolism repair after drought in tree species of two genera', Tree Physiology, vol 39, no 1 , pp 113 - 121.
  • Blackman, C., Creek, D., Maier, C., Aspinwall, M., Drake, J., Pfautsch, S., O?Grady, A., Delzon, S., Medlyn, B., Tissue, D. and Choat, B. (2019), 'Drought response strategies and hydraulic traits contribute to mechanistic understanding of plant dry-down to hydraulic failure', Tree Physiology, vol 39, no 6 , pp 910 - 924.
  • Earles, J., Buckley, T., Brodersen, C., Busch, F., Cano, F., Choat, B., Evans, J., Farquhar, G., Harwood, R., Huynh, M., John, G., Miller, M., Rockwell, F., Sack, L., Scoffoni, C., Struik, P., Wu, A., Yin, X. and Barbour, M. (2019), 'Embracing 3D complexity in leaf carbon-water exchange', Trends in Plant Science, vol 24, no 1 , pp 15 - 24.
  • Lopez, R., Nolf, M., Duursma, R., Badel, E., Flavel, R., Cochard, H. and Choat, B. (2019), 'Mitigating the open vessel artefact in centrifuge-based measurement of embolism resistance', Tree physiology, vol 39, no 1 , pp 143 - 155.
  • Li, X., Blackman, C., Choat, B., Rymer, P., Medlyn, B. and Tissue, D. (2019), 'Drought tolerance traits do not vary across sites differing in water availability in Banksia serrata (Proteaceae)', Functional Plant Biology, vol 46, no 7 , pp 624 - 633.
  • Li, X., Blackman, C., Peters, J., Choat, B., Rymer, P., Medlyn, B. and Tissue, D. (2019), 'More than iso/anisohydry : hydroscapes integrate plant water use and drought tolerance traits in 10 eucalypt species from contrasting climates', Functional Ecology, vol 33, no 6 , pp 1035 - 1049.
  • Mencuccini, M., Rosas, T., Rowland, L., Choat, B., Cornelissen, J., Jansen, S., Kramer, K., Lapenis, A., Manzoni, S., Niinemets, U., Reich, P., Schrodt, F., Soudzilovskaia, N., Wright, I. and Martinez-Vilalta, J. (2019), 'Leaf economics and plant hydraulics drive leaf : wood area ratios', New Phytologist, vol 224, no 4 , pp 1544 - 1556.
  • Blackman, C., Li, X., Choat, B., Rymer, P., De Kauwe, M., Duursma, R., Tissue, D. and Medlyn, B. (2019), 'Desiccation time during drought is highly predictable across species of Eucalyptus from contrasting climates', New Phytologist, vol 224, no 2 , pp 632 - 643.
  • Yang, J., Duursma, R., De Kauwe, M., Kumarathunge, D., Jiang, M., Mahmud, K., Gimeno, T., Crous, K., Ellsworth, D., Peters, J., Choat, B., Eamus, D. and Medlyn, B. (2019), 'Incorporating non-stomatal limitation improves the performance of leaf and canopy models at high vapour pressure deficit', Tree Physiology, vol 39, no 12 , pp 1961 - 1974.
  • Pereira, L., Domingues, A., Jansen, S., Choat, B. and Mazzafera, P. (2018), 'Is embolism resistance in plant xylem associated with quantity and characteristics of lignin?', Trees, vol 32, no 2 , pp 349 - 358.
  • Drake, J., Tjoelker, M., Varhammar, A., Medlyn, B., Reich, P., Leigh, A., Pfautsch, S., Blackman, C., Lopez Rodriguez, R., Aspinwall, M., Crous, K., Duursma, R., Kumarathunge, D., De Kauwe, M., Jiang, M., Nicotra, A., Tissue, D., Choat, B., Atkin, O. and Barton, C. (2018), 'Trees tolerate an extreme heatwave via sustained transpirational cooling and increased leaf thermal tolerance', Global Change Biology, vol 24, no 6 , pp 2390 - 2402.
  • Li, X., Blackman, C., Choat, B., Duursma, R., Rymer, P., Medlyn, B. and Tissue, D. (2018), 'Tree hydraulic traits are coordinated and strongly linked to climate-of-origin across a rainfall gradient', Plant Cell and Environment, vol 41, no 3 , pp 646 - 660.
  • Taylor, S., Aspinwall, M., Blackman, C., Choat, B., Tissue, D. and Ghannoum, O. (2018), 'CO2 availability influences hydraulic function of C3 and C4 grass leaves', Journal of Experimental Botany, vol 69, no 10 , pp 2731 - 2741.
  • Li, X., Blackman, C., Rymer, P., Quintans, D., Duursma, R., Choat, B., Medlyn, B. and Tissue, D. (2018), 'Xylem embolism measured retrospectively is linked to canopy dieback in natural populations of Eucalyptus piperita following drought', Tree Physiology, vol 38, no 8 , pp 1193 - 1199.
  • Choat, B., Brodribb, T., Brodersen, C., Duursma, R., Lopez Rodriguez, R. and Medlyn, B. (2018), 'Triggers of tree mortality under drought', Nature, vol 558 , pp 531 - 539.
  • Creek, D., Blackman, C., Brodribb, T., Choat, B. and Tissue, D. (2018), 'Coordination between leaf, stem, and root hydraulics and gas exchange in three arid-zone angiosperms during severe drought and recovery', Plant, Cell and Environment, vol 41, no 12 , pp 2869 - 2881.
  • Klepsch, M., Zhang, Y., Kotowska, M., Lamarque, L., Nolf, M., Schuldt, B., Torres-Ruiz, J., Qin, D., Choat, B., Delzon, S., Scoffoni, C., Cao, K. and Jansen, S. (2018), 'Is xylem of angiosperm leaves less resistant to embolism than branches? : insights from microCT, hydraulics, and anatomy', Journal of Experimental Botany, .
  • Anderegg, W., Wolf, A., Arango-Velez, A., Choat, B., Chmura, D., Jansen, S., Kolb, T., Li, S., Meinzer, F., Pita, P., Resco de Dios, V., Sperry, J., Wolfe, B. and Pacala, S. (2018), 'Woody plants optimise stomatal behaviour relative to hydraulic risk', Ecology Letters, vol 21, no 7 , pp 968 - 977.
  • Link, R., Schuldt, B., Choat, B., Jansen, S. and Cobb, A. (2018), 'Maximum-likelihood estimation of xylem vessel length distributions', Journal of Theoretical Biology, vol 455 , pp 329 - 341.
  • Lamarque, L., Corso, D., Torres-Ruiz, J., Badel, E., Brodribb, T., Burlett, R., Charrier, G., Choat, B., Cochard, H., Gambetta, G., Jansen, S., King, A., Lenoir, N., Martin-StPaul, N., Steppe, K., Van den Bulcke, J., Zhang, Y. and Delzon, S. (2018), 'An inconvenient truth about xylem resistance to embolism in the model species for refilling Laurus nobilis L.', Annals of Forest Science, vol 75, no 3 .
  • Duursma, R. and Choat, B. (2017), 'fitplc : an R package to fit hydraulic vulnerability curves', Journal of Plant Hydraulics, vol 4 .
  • Nolf, M., Lopez Rodriguez, R., Peters, J., Flavel, R., Koloadin, L., Young, I. and Choat, B. (2017), 'Visualization of xylem embolism by X-ray microtomography : a direct test against hydraulic measurements', New Phytologist, vol 214, no 2 , pp 890 - 898.
  • Mencuccini, M., Salmon, Y., Mitchell, P., Holtta, T., Choat, B., Meir, P., O'Grady, A., Tissue, D., Zweifel, R., Sevanto, S. and Pfautsch, S. (2017), 'An empirical method that separates irreversible stem radial growth from bark water content changes in trees : theory and case studies', Plant, Cell and Environment, vol 40, no 2 , pp 290 - 303.
  • Skelton, R., Brodribb, T. and Choat, B. (2017), 'Casting light on xylem vulnerability in an herbaceous species reveals a lack of segmentation', New Phytologist, vol 214, no 2 , pp 561 - 569.
  • Torres-Ruiz, J., Cochard, H., Choat, B., Jansen, S., Lopez Rodriguez, R., Tomaskova, I., Padilla-Diaz, C., Badel, E., Burlett, R., King, A., Lenoir, N., Martin-StPaul, N. and Delzon, S. (2017), 'Xylem resistance to embolism : presenting a simple diagnostic test for the open vessel artefact', New Phytologist, vol 215, no 1 , pp 489 - 499.
  • Bourne, A., Creek, D., Peters, J., Ellsworth, D. and Choat, B. (2017), 'Species climate range influences hydraulic and stomatal traits in Eucalyptus species', Annals of Botany, vol 120, no 1 , pp 123 - 133.
  • Anderegg, W., Wolf, A., Arango-Velez, A., Choat, B., Chmura, D., Jansen, S., Kolb, T., Li, S., Meinzer, F., Pita, P., Resco de Dios, V., Sperry, J., Wolfe, B. and Pacala, S. (2017), 'Plant water potential improves prediction of empirical stomatal models', PLoS One, vol 12, no 10 .
  • Drake, J., Power, S., Duursma, R., Medlyn, B., Aspinwall, M., Choat, B., Creek, D., Eamus, D., Maier, C., Pfautsch, S., Smith, R., Tjoelker, M. and Tissue, D. (2017), 'Stomatal and non-stomatal limitations of photosynthesis for four tree species under drought : a comparison of model formulations', Agricultural and Forest Meteorology, vol 247 , pp 454 - 466.
  • Gleason, S., Westoby, M., Jansen, S., Choat, B., Hacke, U., Pratt, R., Bhaskar, R., Brodribb, T., Bucci, S. and et al, .. (2016), 'Weak tradeoff between xylem safety and xylem-specific hydraulic efficiency across the world's woody plant species', New Phytologist, vol 209, no 1 , pp 123 - 136.
  • Li, S., Feifel, M., Karimi, Z., Schuldt, B., Choat, B. and Jansen, S. (2016), 'Leaf gas exchange performance and the lethal water potential of five European species during drought', Tree Physiology, vol 36, no 2 , pp 179 - 192.
  • Dijkstra, F., Carrillo, Y., Aspinwall, M., Maier, C., Canarini, A., Tahaei, H., Choat, B. and Tissue, D. (2016), 'Water, nitrogen and phosphorus use efficiencies of four tree species in response to variable water and nutrient supply', Plant and Soil, vol 406, no 1 , pp 187 - 199.
  • Bouche, P., Delzon, S., Choat, B., Badel, E., Brodribb, T., Burlett, R., Cochard, H., Charra-Vaskou, K., Lavigne, B., Li, S., Mayr, S., Morris, H., Torres-Ruiz, J., Zufferey, V. and Jansen, S. (2016), 'Are needles of Pinus pinaster more vulnerable to xylem embolism than branches? : new insights from X-ray computed tomography', Plant, Cell and Environment, vol 39, no 4 , pp 860 - 870.
  • Choat, B., Badel, E., Burlett, R., Delzon, S., Cochard, H. and Jansen, S. (2016), 'Non-invasive measurement of vulnerability to drought induced embolism by X-ray microtomography', Plant Physiology, vol 170, no 1 , pp 273 - 282.
  • Gleason, S., Westoby, M., Jansen, S., Choat, B., Brodribb, T., Cochard, H., Delzon, S., Hacke, U., Jacobsen, A., Johnson, D., Lens, F., Maheral, H., Martinez-Vilalta, J., Mayr, S., McCulloh, K., Morris, H., Nardini, A., Plavcova, L., Pratt, R., Schreiber, S. and Zanne, A. (2016), 'On research priorities to advance understanding of the safety : efficiency tradeoff in xylem', New Phytologist, vol 211, no 4 , pp 1156 - 1158.
  • Anderegg, W., Klein, T., Bartlett, M., Sack, L., Pellegrini, A., Choat, B. and Jansen, S. (2016), 'Meta-analysis reveals that hydraulic traits explain cross-species patterns of drought-induced tree mortality across the globe', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, vol 113, no 18 , pp 5024 - 5029.
  • Blackman, C., Pfautsch, S., Choat, B., Delzon, S., Gleason, S. and Duursma, R. (2016), 'Toward an index of desiccation time to tree mortality under drought', Plant, Cell and Environment, vol 39, no 10 , pp 2342 - 2345.
  • Christoffersen, B., Gloor, M., Fauset, S., Fyllas, N., Galbraith, D., Baker, T., Kruijt, B., Rowland, L., Fisher, R., Binks, O., Sevanto, S., Xu, C., Jansen, S., Choat, B., Mencuccini, M., McDowell, N. and Meir, P. (2016), 'Linking hydraulic traits to tropical forest function in a size-structured and trait-driven model (TFS v.1-Hydro)', Geoscientific Model Development, vol 9, no 11 , pp 4227 - 4255.
  • Lopez Rodriguez, R., Cano Martin, F., Choat, B., Cochard, H. and Gil, L. (2016), 'Plasticity in vulnerability to cavitation of Pinus canariensis occurs only at the driest end of an aridity gradient', Frontiers in Plant Science, vol 7 .
  • Charrier, G., Torres-Ruiz, J., Badel, E., Burlett, R., Choat, B., Cochard, H., Delmas, C., Domec, J., Jansen, S., King, A., Lenoir, N., Martin-StPaul, N., Gambetta, G. and Delzon, S. (2016), 'Evidence for hydraulic vulnerability segmentation and lack of xylem refilling under tension', Plant Physiology, vol 172, no 3 , pp 1657 - 1668.
  • Bartlett, M., Klein, T., Jansen, S., Choat, B. and Sack, L. (2016), 'The correlations and sequence of plant stomatal, hydraulic, and wilting responses to drought', Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, vol 113, no 46 , pp 13098 - 13103.
  • Choat, B., Brodersen, C. and McElrone, A. (2015), 'Synchrotron x-ray microtomography of xylem embolism in Sequoia sempervirens saplings during cycles of drought and recovery', New Phytologist, vol 205, no 3 , pp 1095 - 1105.
  • Jansen, S., Schuldt, B. and Choat, B. (2015), 'Current controversies and challenges in applying plant hydraulic techniques', New Phytologist, vol 205, no 3 , pp 961 - 964.
  • Simonin, K., Burns, E., Choat, B., Barbour, M., Dawson, T. and Franks, P. (2015), 'Increasing leaf hydraulic conductance with transpiration rate minimizes the water potential drawdown from stem to leaf', Journal of Experimental Botany, vol 66, no 5 , pp 1303 - 1315.
  • Duan, H., O'Grady, A., Duursma, R., Choat, B., Huang, G., Smith, R., Jiang, Y. and Tissue, D. (2015), 'Drought responses of two gymnosperm species with contrasting stomatal regulation strategies under elevated [CO2] and temperature', Tree Physiology, vol 35, no 7 , pp 756 - 770.
  • Nolf, M., Creek, D., Duursma, R., Holtum, J., Mayr, S. and Choat, B. (2015), 'Stem and leaf hydraulic properties are finely coordinated in three tropical rain forest tree species', Plant, Cell and Environment, vol 38, no 12 , pp 2652 - 2661.
  • Duan, H., Duursma, R., Huang, G., Smith, R., Choat, B., O'Grady, A. and Tissue, D. (2014), 'Elevated [CO2] does not ameliorate the negative effects of elevated temperature on drought-induced mortality in Eucalyptus radiata seedlings', Plant, Cell and Environment, vol 37, no 7 , pp 1598 - 1613.
  • Brodersen, C., Jansen, S., Choat, B., Rico, C. and Pittermann, J. (2014), 'Cavitation resistance in seedless vascular plants : the structure and function of interconduit pit membranes', Plant Physiology, vol 165, no 2 , pp 895 - 904.
  • Martorell, S., Diaz-Espejo, A., Medrano, H., Ball, M. and Choat, B. (2014), 'Rapid hydraulic recovery in Eucalyptus pauciflora after drought : linkages between stem hydraulics and leaf gas exchange', Plant, Cell and Environment, vol 37, no 3 , pp 617 - 626.
  • Scholz, A., Stein, A., Choat, B. and Jansen, S. (2014), 'How drought and deciduousness shape xylem plasticity in three Costa Rican woody plant species', IAWA Journal, vol 35, no 4 , pp 337 - 355.
  • Pfautsch, S., Aspinwall, M., Drake, J., Choat, B., Tissue, D., Burykin, T. and Tjoelker, M. (2013), 'Putting the puzzle together : investigating hydraulic functioning and water transport at high spatial resolution in tall trees', Acta Horticulturae, vol 991 , pp 245 - 252.
  • Brodersen, C., Choat, B., Chatelet, D., Shackel, K., Matthews, M. and McElrone, A. (2013), 'Xylem vessel relays contribute to radial connectivity in grapevine stems (Vitis vinifera and V. arizonica; Vitaceae)', American Journal of Botany, vol 100, no 2 , pp 314 - 321.
  • Brodersen, C., McElrone, A., Choat, B., Lee, E., Shackel, K. and Matthews, M. (2013), 'In vivo visualizations of drought-induced embolism spread in Vitis vinifera', Plant Physiology, vol 161, no 4 , pp 1820 - 1829.
  • McElrone, A., Choat, B., Parkinson, D., MacDowell, A. and Brodersen, C. (2013), 'Using high resolution computed tomography to visualize the three dimensional structure and function of plant vasculature', Journal of Visualized Experiments, vol 74 .
  • Duan, H., Amthor, J., Duursma, R., O'Grady, A., Choat, B. and Tissue, D. (2013), 'Carbon dynamics of eucalypt seedlings exposed to progressive drought in elevated [CO2] and elevated temperature', Tree Physiology, vol 33, no 8 , pp 779 - 792.
  • Cochard, H., Badel, E., Herbette, S., Delzon, S., Choat, B. and Jansen, S. (2013), 'Methods for measuring plant vulnerability to cavitation : a critical review', Journal of Experimental Botany, vol 64, no 15 , pp 4779 - 4791.
  • Melcher, P., Holbrook, N., Burns, M., Zwieniecki, M., Cobb, A., Brodribb, T., Choat, B. and Sack, L. (2012), 'Measurements of stem xylem hydraulic conductivity in the laboratory and field', Methods in Ecology and Evolution, vol 3, no 4 , pp 685 - 694.
  • Choat, B., Jansen, S., Brodribb, T., Cochard, H., Delzon, S., Bhaskar, R., Bucci, S., Feild, T., Gleason, S., Hacke, U., Jacobsen, A., Lens, F., Maherali, H., Martinez-Vilalta,, J., Mayr, S., Mencuccini, M., Mitchell, P., Nardini, A., Pittermann, J. and Pratt, R. (2012), 'Global convergence in the vulnerability of forests to drought', NATURE, vol 491, no 7426 , pp 752 - 755.
  • Choat, B., Medek, D., Stuart, S., Pasquet-Kok, J., Egerton, J., Salari, H., Sack, L. and Ball, M. (2011), 'Xylem traits mediate a trade-off between resistance to freeze-thaw-induced embolism and photosynthetic capacity in overwintering evergreens', New Phytologist, vol 191, no 4 , pp 996 - 1005.
  • Brodersen, C., Lee, E., Choat, B., Jansen, S., Phillips, R., Shackel, K., Mcelrone, A. and Matthews, M. (2011), 'Automated analysis of three-dimensional xylem networks using high-resolution computed tomography', New Phytologist, vol 191, no 4 , pp 1168 - 1179.
  • Lens, F., Sperry, J., Christman, M., Choat, B., Rabaey, D. and Jansen, S. (2011), 'Testing hypotheses that link wood anatomy to cavitation resistance and hydraulic conductivity in the genus Acer', New Phytologist, vol 190, no 3 , pp 709 - 723.
  • Wada, H., Matthews, M., Choat, B. and Shackel, K. (2011), 'In situ turgor stability in grape mesocarp cells and its relation to cell dimensions and microcapillary tip size and geometry', Environmental Control in Biology, vol 49, no 2 , pp 61 - 73.
  • Brodersen, C., Lee, E., Choat, B., Matthews, M. and Shackel, K. (2010), 'The Dynamics of Embolism Repair in Xylem: In Vivo Visualizations Using High-Resolution Computed Tomography', Plant Physiology, vol 154, no 3 , pp 1088 - 1095.
  • Sack, L., Cornwell, W., Santiago, L., Barbour, M., Choat, B., Evans, J., Munns, R. and Nicotra, A. (2010), 'A unique web resource for physiology, ecology and the environmental sciences: PrometheusWiki', Functional Plant Biology, vol 37, no 8 , pp 687 - 693.
  • Pittermann, J., Choat, B., Jansen, S., Stuart, S., Lynn, L. and Dawson, T. (2010), 'The relationships between xylem safety and hydraulic efficiency in the Cupressaceae: the evolution of pit membrane form and function.', Plant Physiology, vol 153, no 4 , pp 1919 - 1931.
  • Choat, B., Drayton, W., Brodersen, C., Matthews, M., Shackel, K., Wada, H. and Mcelrone, A. (2010), 'Measurement of vulnerability to water-stress induced cavitation in grapevine: a comparison of four techniques applied to a long-vesseled species', Plant Cell and Environment, vol 33, no 9 , pp 1502 - 1512.
  • Choat, B., Gambetta, G., Shackel, K. and Matthews, M. (2009), 'Vascular function in grape berries across development and its relevance to apparent hydraulic isolation', Plant Physiology, vol 151, no 3 , pp 1677 - 1687.
  • Choat, B., Gambetta, G., Wada, H., Shackel, K. and Matthews, M. (2009), 'The effects of Pierce's disease on leaf and petiole hydraulic conductance in Vitis vinifera cv. Chardonnay.', Physiologia Plantarum, vol 136, no 4 , pp 384 - 394.
  • Choat, B. and Pittermann, J. (2009), 'New insights into bordered pit structure and cavitation resistance in angiosperms and conifers', New Phytologist, vol 182, no 3 , pp 557 - 560.
  • Jansen, S., Choat, B. and Plesters, A. (2009), 'Morphological variation of intervessel pit membranes and implications to xylem function in angiosperms', American Journal of Botany, vol 96, no 2 , pp 409 - 419.
  • Choat, B., Cobb, A. and Jansen, S. (2008), 'Structure and function of bordered pits: new discoveries and impacts on whole-plant hydraulic function', New Phytologist, vol 177, no 3 , pp 608 - 626.
  • Choat, B., Sack, L. and Holbrook, N. (2007), 'Diversity of hydraulic traits in nine Cordia species growing in tropical rainforests with contrasting precipitation', New Phytologist, vol 175, no 4 , pp 686 - 698.
  • Cobb, A., Choat, B. and Holbrook, N. (2007), 'Dynamics of freeze-thaw embolism in Smilax rotundifolia (Smilacaceae)', American Journal of Botany, vol 94, no 4 , pp 640 - 649.
  • Jansen, S., Sano, Y., Choat, B., Rabaey, D., Lens, F. and Dute, R. (2007), 'Pit membranes in tracheary elements of Rosaceae and related families: new records of tori and pseudo-tori.', American Journal of Botany, vol 94, no 4 , pp 503 - 514.
  • Stuart, S., Choat, B., Martin, K., Holbrook, N. and Ball, M. (2007), 'The role of freezing in defining the latitudinal limits of mangrove forests', New Phytologist, vol 173, no 3 , pp 576 - 583.
  • Choat, B., Brodie, T., Cobb, A., Zwieniecki, M. and Holbrook, N. (2006), 'Direct measurements of intervessel pit membrane hydraulic resistance in two angiosperm tree species', American Journal of Botany, vol 94, no 7 , pp 993 - 1000.
  • Choat, B., Ball, M., Luly, J., Donnelly, C. and Holtum, J. (2006), 'Seasonal patterns of leaf gas exchange and water relations in dry rainforest trees of contrasting leaf phenology', Tree Physiology, vol 26, no 5 , pp 657 - 664.
  • Lovelock, C., Ball, M., Choat, B., Holbrook, N. and Feller, I. (2006), 'Linking physiological processes with patterns in mangrove forest structure: Phosphorus deficiency limits canopy development, hydraulic conductivity and photosynthetic carbon gain in dwarf Rhizophora mangle', Plant, Cell and Environment, vol 29, no 5 , pp 793 - 802.
  • Choat, B., Lahr, E., Melcher, P., Zwieniecki, M. and Holbrook, N. (2005), 'The spatial pattern of air seeding thresholds in mature sugar maple trees', Plant, Cell and Environment, vol 28, no 9 , pp 1082 - 1089.
  • Choat, B., Ball, M., Luly, J. and Holtum, J. (2005), 'Hydraulic architecture of deciduous and evergreen dry rainforest tree species from north-eastern Australia.', Trees - Structure and Function, vol 19, no 3 , pp 305 - 311.

Current Projects

Title: Forecasting live fuel moisture content, the on/off switch for forest fires
Funder:
  • ACT Parks and Conservation Service
  • Australian National University (non ACRG)
  • University of Lleida
  • New South Wales Rural Fire Service
  • Australian Research Council (ACRG)
  • Department of Planning, Industry and Environment NSW
Western Researchers: Rachael Nolan, Matthias Boer, Belinda Medlyn and Brendan Choat
Years: 2020-10-31 - 2023-10-30
ID: P00025973
Title: Bushfire Risk Management Research Hub [via UoW]
Funder:
  • Office of Environment and Heritage
Western Researchers: Matthias Boer, Brendan Choat, Belinda Medlyn, Elise Pendall and Mark Tjoelker
Years: 2017-09-01 - 2022-08-31
ID: P00024731
Title: The regreening of the Blue Mountains: Using citizen science to study post-fire recovery in the Blue Mountains
Funder:
  • Department of Planning, Industry and Environment NSW
Western Researchers: Belinda Medlyn, Paul Rymer, Sally Power, Brendan Choat, Rachael Nolan, Amy-Marie Gilpin, Uffe Nielsen, Matthias Boer, Kate Umbers and Ben Moore
Years: 2021-05-01 - 2022-06-30
ID: P00027295
Title: Quantifying adaptive capacity to climate change through a multi-faceted approach: habitat suitability, functional traits, physiological tolerance and genetic adaptation.
Funder:
  • NSW Office of Environment and Heritage
  • NSW Office of Environment and Heritage
Western Researchers: Paul Rymer, David Tissue, Brendan Choat and Belinda Medlyn
Years: 2018-04-01 - 2022-03-28
ID: P00024910
Title: Quantifying forest mortality after unprecedented drought and bushfires in Eastern Australia
Funder:
  • The Hermon Slade Foundation
Western Researchers: Rachael Nolan, Matthias Boer, Brendan Choat, Belinda Medlyn and Anne Griebel
Years: 2020-07-01 - 2023-06-30
ID: P00026509
Title: Recovery of NSW Gondwana Rainforest from Bushfires
Funder:
  • Baker Hughes Services Australia Pty Ltd
Western Researchers: Brendan Choat and Benjamin Smith
Years: 2021-06-30 - 2023-06-30
ID: P00027303

Previous Projects

Title: Drought and recovery: embolism spread and repair in conifer and angiosperm species
Funder:
  • Australian Synchrotron Company Ltd
Western Researchers: Brendan Choat
Years: 2013-01-30 - 2013-02-05
ID: P00021407
Title: Carbon-water linkages for native trees under elevated CO2: a unique coupled sensor system for tree water-use efficiency
Funder:
  • Campbell Scientific Australia Pty Ltd
Western Researchers: David Ellsworth and Brendan Choat
Years: 2014-08-08 - 2015-08-07
ID: P00022339
Title: Limits to the resilience of Australian forests and woodlands to drought
Funder:
  • Australian Research Council (ACRG)
Western Researchers: Brendan Choat
Years: 2014-06-30 - 2019-12-31
ID: P00021392
Title: Observation of embolism formation and refilling in plants using synchrotron based x-ray micro computed tomography
Funder:
  • Australian Synchrotron Company Ltd
Western Researchers: Brendan Choat
Years: 2012-10-27 - 2012-10-30
ID: P00021150
Title: Development & Optimisation of Metal-Alloy Compositions [Leah Koloadin]
Funder:
  • Advanced Alloy Holdings Pty Ltd
Western Researchers: Brendan Choat
Years: 2021-02-15 - 2021-08-13
ID: P00027024
Title: Non-invasive measurements of drought stress in trees [via INRA - no funding to UWS]
Funder:
  • European Commission
Western Researchers: Brendan Choat
Years: 2015-08-03 - 2015-08-07
ID: P00022874
Title: Assessing Vulnerability to Water Limitation of Australian's Tropical Rainforest
Funder:
  • Wet Tropics Management Authority
Western Researchers: Brendan Choat
Years: 2016-04-05 - 2017-04-04
ID: P00023414
Title: Understanding the physiological underpinnings of a massive Mangrove die off in northern Australia
Funder:
  • The Australia and Pacific Science Foundation (ACRG)
Western Researchers: Brendan Choat
Years: 2017-07-01 - 2020-12-31
ID: P00023914
Title: Visualising water transport in plants: why are some species more drought resistant than others? [no funding to Western Sydney Uni]
Funder:
  • Australian Synchrotron Company Ltd
Western Researchers: Brendan Choat
Years: 2015-09-30 - 2015-10-02
ID: P00022875
Title: Drought tolerance of plant root systems [no funding to Western Sydney Uni]
Funder:
  • Australian Synchrotron Company Ltd
Western Researchers: Brendan Choat and Markus Nolf
Years: 2016-06-08 - 2016-06-10
ID: P00023175
Title: Finding the failure - threshold of leaves in drought [via Uni of Tasmania]
Funder:
  • Australian Research Council (ACRG)
Western Researchers: Brendan Choat
Years: 2017-01-01 - 2020-10-31
ID: P00023190
Title: Xylem and phloem transport limitations and their role in drought-induced mortaglity of trees
Funder:
  • University of Western Sydney
Western Researchers: Brendan Choat and David Tissue
Years: 2011-11-09 - 2016-05-31
ID: P00020460
Title: Climate change effects on decomposition of coarse woody debris, as mediated by wood traits and fungal communities
Funder:
  • University of Western Sydney
Western Researchers: Jeff Powell, Brendan Choat and Peter Reich
Years: 2011-11-09 - 2013-07-31
ID: P00020504
Title: Finding damage thresholds in pyrethrum to optimise crop profitability [via UTas]
Funder:
  • Australian Research Council (ACRG)
Western Researchers: Brendan Choat
Years: 2018-01-01 - 2020-12-31
ID: P00024133

Western Sydney University

Locked Bag 1797
Penrith NSW 2751

Tel: +61 2 9852 5222

ABN 53 014 069 881
CRICOS Provider No: 00917k

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