Dr Arskal Salim

Dr Arskal Salim

Scopus ID: 7102255337

Orcid ID:  0000-0003-4066-3418

Email: arskal.salim@uinjkt.ac.id


Dr. Arskal Salim is a scholar of law in Muslim societies. He completed his early education mainly in Indonesia, and was trained in both Muslim traditional and modern school systems. Having graduated from the IAIN (State Institute for Islamic Studies) of Jakarta with a BA in Shari'ah law and an MA in Islamic Studies, he went to McGill University, Canada, for a two-semester postgraduate studentship. In late 2006, after receiving his PhD from Melbourne Law School, University of Melbourne, he took up a postdoctoral research fellowship at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, Germany. He then moved to London in 2009 and was Assistant Professor at the Aga Khan University's Institute for the Study of Muslim Civilisations until 2012 when he left to take up his appointment at UWS.
Arskal's early research focused on Islamic legal theory and political Islam. His area of research interest then shifted and expanded during the course of completing his PhD (2002-2006) and the postdoctoral ethnographic fieldwork in Aceh that followed (2007-2009). He began studying the interaction between Islamic jurisprudences and politics, constitutionalism, human rights and legal anthropology in various contexts within Indonesian Islam.  The events over the past two years associated with the Arab Spring has prompted a growing interest in the comparative constitutional law of Muslim countries. On numerous occasions, Arskal has been invited to present papers based on his comparison of the position of religious law (Sharia) in the respective constitutions of Tunisia, Egypt and Indonesia.


BA (UIN Jakarta); MA (UIN Jakarta); and PhD (Univ. of Melbourne).

Current Position / Affiliations:

  • Head of Research and Development Centre on Literature & Religious Heritage, Ministry of Religious Affairs Republic of Indonesia
  • Professor of Law and Politics in Islam, Faculty of Sharia and Law, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University (UIN) Jakarta
  • Adjunct Fellow, Western Sydney University, Australia

Educational Background:

  • Doktorandus (Drs.) in Shari’a Law, Faculty of Shari`a and Law, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University, Jakarta Indonesia (1993).
  • Magister (MA) in Islamic Studies, Postgraduate Program of Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University, Jakarta Indonesia (1998).
  • Masters of Arts (leading to PhD), Melbourne Institute of Asian Languages and Societies, the University of Melbourne, Australia (2003)
  • PhD., Melbourne Law School, the University of Melbourne, Australia (2006)

Past Positions:

1.Director of Islamic Higher Education, Directorate General of Islamic Education Ministry of Religious Affairs, Republic of Indonesia (2017-2020)
2.Ad interim Rector of UIN Sultan Thaha Saifuddin, Jambi (2019)
3.Director of Research and Community Engagement, Syarif Hidayatullah State Islamic University (UIN) Jakarta Indonesia (2015-2017)
4.Senior Lecturer, Western Sydney University, Australia (2012-2015).
5.Assistant Professor, Institute for the Study of Muslim Civilizations, London United Kingdom (2009-2012).
6.Visiting Senior Research Fellow, National University of Singapore (August to October 2011).
7.Postdoctoral Research Fellow, Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology Germany (November 2006 to October 2009)
8.Senior Legal Officer at Banda Aceh Project Office, International Development Law Organisation, Italy (March-September 2006).

Areas of Research Interests:

Legal anthropology; Political Islam; Law and society in Muslim contexts; Muslim family law; Comparative constitutional law, Islam and human rights, Indonesian laws and Islam in Southeast Asia.

Teaching Expertise:

Islamic legal theory; Sunni and Shia Legal Traditions; Law, Politics and Religion in Muslim Countries; Indonesian laws; Islam and Constitutionalism.

Research Grants / Fellowships:

  • “Religious Authorities and Identities in Post Conflict Aceh”, University of Notre Dame’s Kroc Institute for International Peace Studies (2016-2018)
  • “Contemporary Islamic Finance in Asia Pacific: Literature, Regulations and Institutional Performance”, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta (2016)
  • “In Search of Sustainable Consensus on Environmental Disputes”, Toyota Foundation International Project Grant, Japan (2013-2014)
  • “Law, Property and Women”, The French National Research Agency (ANR) Project Grant, France (2011-2013)
  • “Property Disputes in Post-Tsunami Aceh” Asia Research Institute Senior Research Fellowship, Singapore (2011)
  • “Triple Divorce in Aceh: A Legal Anthropological Perspective”, The British Academy Small Research Grant, United Kingdom (2010)
  • “Sharia and Legal Pluralism in Aceh”, Max Planck Institute Postdoctoral Fellowship, Germany (2006-2009)
  • “Zakat Practice in Indonesia: A Socio-Political and Economic Perspectives” Rockefeller Foundation & Asian Muslim Action Network Research Grant (2004)
  • “Islamic Parties and Islam-State Relations in Indonesia”, The Asia Foundation Research Grant (1999)

Professional Experiences and Services:

  • External Assessor for the Executive Diploma in Shariah Studies Programme, Universiti Malaya, Malaysia (2022-2025).
  • National Instructure for the program of strengthening religious moderation, Ministry of Religious Affairs of Republic of Indonesia (2021-now)
  • Editor in Chief, Heritage of Nusantara: International Journal of Religious Literature and Heritage (2020-now)
  • Consultant for UN-Habitat’s project “Land Management and Resettlement for Uprooted People in East Nusa Tenggara” (UN-Habitat 2012)
  • Head of Centre for Constitutional Law and Human Right Studies, UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, 2007-2011.
  • Consultant for Aceh Research Training Institute’s project “Religion, Law and Gender in Aceh” (ARTI, 2008-2009)
  • Consultant for The Asia Foundation’s project “Gender Sensitivity for Judges of Indonesian Religious Courts” (TAF, 2009)
  • Consultant for UN-Habitat’s project “Global Land Toolkit after Disaster” (UN-Habitat 2008)
  • Consultant for UNDP’s project “Access to Justice in Aceh” (UNDP, 2006-2007)
  • Secretary of Department of Islamic Legal Comparative Studies, Faculty of Sharia UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, 1998-1999
  • Executive Secretary, Islamic Legal Assistance Centre, State Islamic University Jakarta, 1997-1999

Scholarly Publications:

(Books, Book Chapters, Journal Articles, Reviews and Policy Papers)

1.Salim, A. et. al. (forthcoming). Sharia, Citizenship and Minorities in Aceh. Notre Dame University Press.

2. Salim, A. (2021). “Adat and Islamic Law in Contemporary Aceh, Indonesia: Unequal Coexistence and Asymmetric Contestation”, Samarah: Jurnal Hukum Keluarga dan Hukum Islam, 5(2), 529-551.

3.Salim, A. et. al. (2020). “Islam and Dormant Citizenship: Soft Religious Ethno-Nationalism and Minorities in Aceh, Indonesia”. Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations, 31(2), 215-240.

4.Salim, A. (2020). “From Usul Fiqh to Legal Pluralism: An Autoethnography of Islamic Legal Thought” Mazahib Jurnal Pemikiran Hukum Islam, 19 (1), pp. 79-106.

5.Salim, A. and Marzi Afriko (2020) “Aceh’s Sharia Office: Bureaucratic Religious Authority and Social Development in Aceh” in The New Santri: Challenges to Traditional Religious Authority in Indonesia edited by Norshahril Saat and Ahmad Najib Burhani, Singapore: ISEAS, pp. 64-82.

6.Salim, A. (2020) “halal”, The SAGE Encyclopedia of the Sociology of Religion edited by Adam Possamai and Anthony Blasi, SAGE Thousand Oaks, CA.

7.Salim, A. (2020) “sharia” in The SAGE Encyclopedia of the Sociology of Religion edited by Adam Possamai and Anthony Blasi, SAGE Thousand Oaks, CA.

8.Salim, A. and John Bowen, eds. (2019) Women and Property Rights in Indonesian Legal Contexts. Leiden University Press.

9.Salim, A. (2019). “Disputing Marriage Payments in Indonesia: A Comparative Study of Aceh and South Sulawesi” in Women and Property Rights in Indonesian Legal Contexts. Edited by John Bowen and Arskal Salim. Leiden University Press.

10.Salim, A. et.al. (2019) “Prophetic Wet Cupping Practices for Degenerative Diseases at the Waroeng Sehat Tangerang Selatan: A Preliminary Study”, Asian Journal of Microbiotechnology Environmental Science 21 (4), pp. 245-249.

11.Salim, A. et.al. (2018) “Diasporic Chinese Community in Post-Conflict Aceh: Socio-Cultural Identities, and Social Relations with Acehnese Muslim Majority”, Al-Jami`ah Journal of Islamic Studies 56 (2), pp. 395-420.

12.Salim, A. (2018) “The Special Status of Islamic Aceh” in Routledge Handbook of Contemporary Indonesia edited by Robert W. Hefner, London UK: Routledge.

13.Salim, A. et.al. (2018). Bekam sebagai Kedokteran Profetik: Dalam tinjauan hadis, sejarah dan kedokteran berbasis bukti, Jakarta: Rajawali Press.

14.Salim, A. and Euis Nurlaelawati (2017). “Female Judges at Indonesian Religious Courtrooms: Opportunities and Challenges to Gender Equality” in Women Judges in the Muslim World. Edited by Nadia Sonneveld and Monica Lindbekk. Leiden: Brill.

15.Salim, A. (2017) “Competing Political Ideologies on the Implementation of Islamic Law in Indonesia: Historical and Legal Pluralist Perspectives”, Ahkam 17 (1).

16.Salim, A. et.al. (2017) “Comparing Efficiency and Productivity In Islamic Banking: Case Study In Indonesia, Malaysia And Pakistan” Al-Iqtishad: Jurnal Ilmu Ekonomi Syariah (Journal of Islamic Economics) 9 (2)

17.Salim, A. (2017) Pertimbangan Hakim dalam Perselisihan Ekonomi Syariah: Antara Keadilan Dan Kepastian Hukum” Jurnal Peradilan Agama

18.Salim, A. (2017) "Pluralisme Hukum Islam Sebagai Kerangka Analisis Studi Politik Hukum Islam" BIJAK: JURNAL ALUMNI UIN, volume 5, no. 1. pp. 103-112.

19.Salim, A. et. al. eds. (2016) Permata dari Surga: Potret Kehidupan Beragama di Indonesia. Kemenlu RI dan UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta.

20.Salim, A. (2016). “The Islamisation of Regional Regulations and its Impact on Good Governance in Contemporary Indonesia” in Religion, Law and Intolerance in Indonesia. Edited by Tim Lindsey and Helen Pausacker, London Routledge.

21.Salim, A. (2015) Contemporary Islamic Law in Indonesia: Sharia and Legal Pluralism.  Edinburgh, UK: Edinburgh University Press.

22.Salim, A. (2015) “The Constitutionalization of Shari’a In Muslim Societies: Comparing Indonesia, Tunisia And Egypt' in Sociology of Shari`a: Case Studies From Around The World edited by Adam Possamai et.al.  London: Springer.

23.Salim, A. (2015) “Debate as Learning Teaching Method: A Survey Literature”, Tarbiya Journal of Education in Muslim Society 2 (1).

24.Salim, A. (2014) “Law, Women and Property Rights in Indonesia: A Document”, Studia Islamika Journal 21 (1)

25.Salim, A. and Nurlaelawati, E. (2014) “Gendering Islamic Judiciary: Female Judges in the Religious Courts of Indonesia”, Al-Jami’ah 51 (2).

26.Salim, A. (2013) “The Impact of Islamization of Regional Laws in the Post-Suharto Democratization Era”, Gesellschaft für Arabisches und Islamisches Recht e. V. pp. 162-174.

27.Salim, A. (2012) “Which and Whose Shari’a: Historical and Political Perspectives of Legal Articulation of Islam in Indonesia”, Jurnal Indo-Islamika 2 (1).

28.Salim, A. (2012) "Indonesia, Sharīʿah in." In Oxford Islamic Studies Online. Oxford Islamic Studies Online. .

29.Salim, A. (2011) “Between ICMI and NU: The Contested Representation of Muslim Civil Society in Indonesia, 1990-2001” Al Jamiah 49 (2).

30.Salim, A. (2010) “Dynamic Legal Pluralism in Indonesia: Contested Plural Legal Orders of Contemporary Aceh”.  Journal of Legal Pluralism 61: 1-30.

31.Salim, A. (2010) Book Review of Muslim Legal Thought in Modern Indonesia by Michael Feener. Islamic Law and Society 18 (1).

32.Salim, A. (2010) “Politik, Strafrecht und Islamisierung in Aceh” in Genia Findeisen, Kristina Großmann,  Nicole Weydmann (eds.), Herausforderungen für Indonesiens Demokratie: Bilanz und Perspektiven, Berlin: Regiospectra Verlag.

33.Salim, A. and Adlin Sila eds. (2010) Serambi Mekkah yang Berubah: Views from Within, Jakarta: Aceh Research Training Institute and Pustaka Alvabet.

34.Salim, A. (2010) “The influential legacy of Dutch Islamic policy on the formation of zakat (alms) law in modern Indonesia.” J.C. Liow and N. Hosen (eds.), Islam in Southeast Asia: Critical Concept in Islamic Studies volume I. London and New York, Routledge.

35.Salim, A. (2010) “Kata Pengantar: Membawa Kembali Syariat ke Habitat Muasalnya”, in Merajam Dalil Syariat by Affan Ramli, Banda Aceh: Bandar Publishing.

36.Salim, A. (2009) “Politics, Criminal Justice and Islamisation in Aceh”, Australian Research Council Federation Fellowship Islam Syariah and Governance Background Paper, no. 3.

37.Salim, A. (2009) “Dynamic Legal Pluralism in Indonesia: The Shift in Plural Legal Orders of Contemporary Aceh”, Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology Working Papers, no. 110.

38.Salim, A. et. al. (2009) Demi Keadilan dan Kesetaraan: Dokumentasi Program Sensitivitas Jender Hakim Agama di Indonesia [For Justice and Equality: A Documentary on Enhancing Gender Sensitivity of Religious Judges in Indonesia], Jakarta: Puskumham and the Asia Foundation.

39.Salim, A. (2008) Challenging the Secular State: The Islamization of Laws in Modern Indonesia, Honolulu: Hawaii University Press.

40.Salim, A. (2008) The Shift in the Zakat Practice in Indonesia: From piety to an Islamic socio-political-economic system. Chiang Mai: Silkworm Books.

41.Salim, A. (2008) “The Shari`a Bylaws and Human Rights of Individuals, Women and Non-Muslim Minorities in Indonesia” Studia Islamika: Indonesian Journal for Islamic Studies 15 (1)

42.Salim, A. (2008) “Discourses on Democracy within Debates on Islam-State Relations in Indonesia”, Journal of Indonesian Islam 2 (1)

43.Salim, A. (2008) “Perda Berbasis Agama dan Perlindungan Konstitusional Penegakan HAM” [The Bylaws based on religion and constitutional protection of human rights], Journal Perempuan 60 (September).

44.Salim, A. (2008) “Pluralisme Hukum di Indonesia: Keberadaan Hukum Islam dalam Perundang-undangan Nasional”, [Legal Pluralism in Indonesia: Islamic Law in National Legal System], Jurnal Harmoni 28 (Okt-Des).

45.Salim, A. (2007) “‘Muslim politics’ in Indonesia’s democratization: Religious majority and the rights of minorities in the post new order era.” Democracy and the Promise of Good Governance. Indonesia Update Series 2006. Edited by Andrew MacIntyre and Ross McLeod. Singapore: Institute of South East Asian Studies.

46.Salim, A. (2007) “Legal Islamization and the Challenges of Human Rights in Indonesia.” Enlightenment From Within: Discourses of Governance, Economics and Religion in Contemporary Indonesia, edited by Faried F. Saenong and Eko N.M. Saputro, Canberra: Minaret.

47.Salim, A. (2006) “The influential legacy of Dutch Islamic policy on the formation of zakat (alms) law in modern Indonesia.” Pacific Rim Law and Policy Journal 15 (3).

48.Salim, A. (2006) Praktek Penyelesaian Formal dan Informal Masalah Pertanahan Kewarisan dan Perwalian Pasca Tsunami di Banda Aceh dan Aceh Besar [Formal and informal practices of dispute resolutions on land, inheritance and guardianship in the post-tsunami Banda Aceh and Aceh Besar], Banda Aceh: International Development Law Organization.

49.Salim, A. (2005) “Perkembangan Awal Hukum Islam di Nusantara” [The Early Developments of Islamic Law in the Archipelago], Jurnal Hukum Respublica, 5 (1)

50.Salim, A. (2005) “Islamic Law and the Issue of Gender Equality in Indonesia”, Book Review, John Bowen, Islam, Law and Equality in Indonesia. The Australian Journal of Asian Law 7 (2) pp. 187-197.

51.Salim, A. (2004) “Political Islam in Southeast Asia: An Inquiry into the Idea of an Islamic State in the Post-Soeharto Indonesia”, in Seeking Alternative Perspectives of Southeast Asia, edited by Andrew TH Tan, Michael LR Smith and Khoo Kay Kim. Ipoh, Malaysia: Perak Academy

52.Salim, A. (2004) “Shari’a from Below in Aceh 1930s-1960s: Islamic Identity and the Right to Self Determination with Comparative Reference to the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF)”, in Indonesia and Malay World 32 (1)

53.Salim, A.  and Azyumardi Azra eds. (2003) Shari’a and Politics in Modern Indonesia, Singapore: Institute of South East Asian Studies.

54.Salim, A. and Azyumardi Azra, (2003) “The state and shari'a in the perspective of Indonesian legal politics”, Shari’a and Politics in Modern Indonesia, edited by Salim and Azra, Singapore: Institute of South East Asian Studies.

55.Salim, A. (2003) “Zakat Administration in Politics of Indonesian New Order” Shari’a and Politics in Modern Indonesia, edited by Salim and Azra, Singapore: Institute of South East Asian Studies.

56.Salim, A. (2003) “Shari'a in Indonesia's Current Transition” Shari’a and Politics in Modern Indonesia, edited by Salim and Azra, Singapore: Institute of South East Asian Studies.

57.Salim, A. et.al. (2003) Pendidikan Kewargaan: Demokrasi, Hak Asasi Manusia & Masyarakat Madani, [Civic Education: Democracy, Human Rights and Civil Society], Jakarta: ICCE.

58.Salim, A. and Azyumardi Azra, (2003) “Negara dan Syariat dalam Perspektif Politik Hukum Indonesia” Syariat Islam: Pandangan Muslim Liberal [Islamic Sharia: Liberal Muslim Views], edited by Burhanuddin, Jakarta: Jaringan Islam Liberal.

59.Salim, A. (2003) “Mengungkap Sisi Teologis Pemikiran Hukum Islam: Telaah Atas Konsep Husn dan Qubh” in Abuddin Nata (ed.) Masail Al-Fiqhiyah, Jakarta: Kencana

60.Salim, A. (2003) “Pengelolaan Zakat dalam Politik Orde Baru” in Problematika Zakat Kontemporer: Artikulasi Proses Sosial Bangsa, edited by Muhtar Sadili and Amru. Jakarta: Forum Zakat

61.Salim, A. (2002) “Islam di Antara Dua Demokrasi” [Islam between Two Democracies] in Wajah Liberal Islam di Indonesia [The Liberal Face of Islam in Indonesia] edited by Luthfi Assyaukanie, Jakarta: Islam Liberal.

62.Salim, A. and Jaenal Arifin eds. (2001) Hukum Pidana Islam di Indonesia [Islamic Penal Law in Indonesia], Jakarta: Pustaka Firdaus.

63.Salim, A. (1999) Partai Islam dan Relasi Agama Negara [Islamic Parties and The Relationship between the State and Religion], Jakarta: Puslit & JPPR.

64.Salim, A. (1999) Etika Intervensi Negara: Perspektif Etika Politik Ibn Taimiyah [The Ethics of State Intervention: Ibnu Taimiyah’s Perspectives], Jakarta: Logos.

65.Salim, A. (1999) “Min Nizam al-Qada’ al-Munfarid Ila Nizam Majlis al-Qudat” [From the Solitary Judge to the Council Judge], Studia Islamika: Indonesian Journal for Islamic Studies 6 (2)

66.Salim, A. (1999) “Pembebasan Perempuan di Dunia Muslim: Pemikiran Qasim Amin” [Liberating Women in the Muslim World: Qasim Amin’s Thoughts], Jurnal Perempuan 10 (Feb-April)

67.Salim, A. (1998) “Mengungkap Aspek Teologis Pemikiran Hukum Islam: Studi Konsep Husn dan Qubh” [Exploring Theological Aspects of Islamic Legal Thought: A Study of the Concept of Husn and Qubh], Jurnal Mimbar Agama dan Budaya XV (36)

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