Dr Arskal Salim

Dr Arskal Salim

Contact arskal.salim@uinjkt.ac.id


Dr. Arskal Salim is a scholar of law in Muslim societies. He completed his early education mainly in Indonesia, and was trained in both Muslim traditional and modern school systems. Having graduated from the IAIN (State Institute for Islamic Studies) of Jakarta with a BA in Shari'ah law and an MA in Islamic Studies, he went to McGill University, Canada, for a two-semester postgraduate studentship. In late 2006, after receiving his PhD from Melbourne Law School, University of Melbourne, he took up a postdoctoral research fellowship at the Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology, Germany. He then moved to London in 2009 and was Assistant Professor at the Aga Khan University's Institute for the Study of Muslim Civilisations until 2012 when he left to take up his appointment at UWS. 
Arskal's early research focused on Islamic legal theory and political Islam. His area of research interest then shifted and expanded during the course of completing his PhD (2002-2006) and the postdoctoral ethnographic fieldwork in Aceh that followed (2007-2009). He began studying the interaction between Islamic jurisprudences and politics, constitutionalism, human rights and legal anthropology in various contexts within Indonesian Islam.  The events over the past two years associated with the Arab Spring has prompted a growing interest in the comparative constitutional law of Muslim countries. On numerous occasions, Arskal has been invited to present papers based on his comparison of the position of religious law (Sharia) in the respective constitutions of Tunisia, Egypt and Indonesia.  


BA (UIN Jakarta); MA (UIN Jakarta); and PhD (Univ. of Melbourne).

Professional Services

Since 2006, Dr. Salim has provided professional consultancy, training and expert opinion services for various programs organised by international as well as national agencies:

1. Post-Tsunami Legal Assistance (International Development Law Organization, 2006)  

2. Access to Justice in Aceh (United Nation Development Program, 2006, 2007) 

3. Legislative Drafting Skills for State Secretary Officials of Indonesia (Indonesian State Secretary and AMSAT, 2007)

4. Training of Trainers in Teaching Human Rights, Sharia and Law (University of Oslo, Norway, and UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, 2007)

5. Strengthening Women Capacity for Foundations and NGOs in Aceh (UNDP, 2007)

6. Addressing Land Issues After Natural Disasters (UN-HABITAT, 2007-2008)

7. Dynamics of Land Reforms in Africa, Asia and Latin America (Sajogyo Institute and UIN Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, 2008)

8. Research Methodology Training on Law and Religion (AusAID-Aceh Research Training Institute, 2008- 2009) 

9. Gender Sensitivity for Religious Judges in Indonesia (The Asia Foundation, 2009)

10. Posting to a Muslim country (German Federal Foreign Office and Aga Khan University, 2010, 2012)

11. Land Issues in the context of the resettlement in Kupang and Belu (UN-HABITAT, 2012)

Areas of Research Interests:

Legal anthropology; Political Islam; Law and society in Muslim contexts; Muslim family law; Comparative constitutional law, Islam and human rights, Indonesian laws and Islam in Southeast Asia.   

Teaching Expertise:

Islamic legal theory; Sunni and Shia Legal Traditions; Law, Politics and Religion in Muslim Countries; Indonesian laws; Islam and Constitutionalism. 

Research Grants / Fellowships

1. Asia Research Institute Senior Research Fellowship, Singapore (2011)
2. The British Academy Research Grant, United Kingdom (2010-2011)
3. Max Planck Institute Postdoctoral Fellowship, Germany (2006-2009)
4. Melbourne Law School Research Support Funds (2005)
5. Rockefeller Foundation & Asian Muslim Action Network Research Grant (2004-2005)
6. The Asia Foundation Research Grant (1998-1999) 

Current Projects

Based on fieldtrips to Aceh undertaken in the last four years, Dr. Salim is completing a monograph provisionally entitled: Disputes after Disaster: Managing Sharia and Legal Pluralism in the Post-Tsunami Aceh. This monograph deals with plural legal orders (i.e. Islamic Sharia, customary, national and transnational laws) in the context of disputes arising after the tsunami in Aceh. It is currently under consideration for publication by a university press in the UK. 
In addition, Arskal has been active in a 3-year (2011-2013) research project led by Professor Baudouin Dupret (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France), which is funded by the Agence Nationale de la Recherche (ANR) / French National Research Agency (EUR 209,000). This collaborative research project involves 12 leading scholars from different parts of the world and has an anthropological focus on the property rights of women in Muslim communities in four countries: Morocco, Sudan, India and Indonesia. For Indonesian case studies, Dr. Salim and Professor John Bowen (Washington University at St. Louis) are coordinating fieldwork in Aceh and South Sulawesi, as well as organising a conference in August 2013 in Jakarta.


Books / volumes

Salim, A. and Adlin Sila eds. (2010) Serambi Mekkah yang Berubah: Views from Within, Jakarta: Aceh Research Training Institute and Pustaka Alvabet.

Salim, A. et. al. (2009) 

Demi Keadilan dan Kesetaraan: Dokumentasi Program Sensitivitas Jender Hakim Agama 
di Indonesia 
[For Justice and Equality: A Documentary on Enhancing Gender Sensitivity of Religious Judges in Indonesia], Jakarta: Puskumham and the Asia Foundation.
Salim, A. (2008) Challenging the Secular State: The Islamization of Laws in Modern Indonesia, Honolulu: Hawaii University Press.
Salim, A. (2008) The Shift in the Zakat Practice in Indonesia: From piety to an Islamic socio-political-economic system. Chiang Mai: Silkworm Books.
Salim, A. (2006) Praktek Penyelesaian Formal dan Informal Masalah Pertanahan Kewarisan dan Perwalian Pasca Tsunami di Banda Aceh dan Aceh Besar [Formal and informal practices of dispute resolutions on land, inheritance and guardianship in the post-tsunami Banda Aceh and Aceh Besar], Banda Aceh: International Development Law Organization.
Salim, A.  and Azyumardi Azra eds. (2003) Shari'a and Politics in Modern Indonesia, Singapore: Institute of South East Asian Studies.
Salim, A. et.al. (2003) Pendidikan Kewargaan: Demokrasi, Hak Asasi Manusia & Masyarakat Madani, [Civic Education: Democracy, Human Rights and Civil Society], Jakarta: ICCE. 
Salim, A. and Jaenal Arifin eds. (2001) Hukum Pidana Islam di Indonesia [Islamic Penal Law in Indonesia], Jakarta: Pustaka Firdaus.
Salim, A. (1999) Partai Islam dan Relasi Agama Negara [Islamic Parties and The Relationship between the State and Religion], Jakarta: Puslit & JPPR.
Salim, A. (1999) Etika Intervensi Negara: Perspektif Etika Politik Ibn Taimiyah [The Ethics of State Intervention: Ibnu Taimiyah's Perspectives], Jakarta: Logos.

Chapters in books

Salim A. (2010) "Politik, Strafrecht und Islamisierung in Aceh" in Genia Findeisen, Kristina Großmann,  Nicole Weydmann (eds.), Herausforderungen für Indonesiens Demokratie: Bilanz und Perspektiven, Berlin: Regiospectra Verlag. 

Salim, A. (2010) "The influential legacy of Dutch Islamic policy on the formation of zakat (alms) law in modern Indonesia." J.C. Liow and N. Hosen (eds.), Islam in Southeast Asia: Critical Concept in Islamic Studies Volume I. London and New York, Routledge.
Salim, A. (2010) "Kata Pengantar: Membawa Kembali Syariat ke Habitat Muasalnya", in Merajam Dalil Syariat by Affan Ramli, Banda Aceh: Bandar Publishing. 
Salim, A. (2007) "'Muslim politics' in Indonesia's democratization: Religious majority and the rights of minorities in the post new order era." Democracy and the Promise of Good Governance. Indonesia Update Series 2006. Edited by Andrew MacIntyre and Ross McLeod. Singapore: Institute of South East Asian Studies.
Salim, A. (2007) "Legal Islamization and the Challenges of Human Rights in Indonesia." Enlightenment From Within: Discourses of Governance, Economics and Religion in Contemporary Indonesia, edited by Faried F. Saenong and Eko N.M. Saputro, Canberra: Minaret.
Salim, A. (2004) "Political Islam in Southeast Asia: An Inquiry into the Idea of an Islamic State in the Post-Soeharto Indonesia", in Seeking Alternative Perspectives of Southeast Asia, edited by Andrew TH Tan, Michael LR Smith and Khoo Kay Kim. Ipoh, Malaysia: Perak Academy.
Salim, A. and Azyumardi Azra, (2003) "The state and shari'a in the perspective of Indonesian legal politics", Shari'a and Politics in Modern Indonesia, edited by Salim and Azra, Singapore: Institute of 
South East Asian Studies.
Salim, A. (2003) "Zakat Administration in Politics of Indonesian New Order" Shari'a and Politics in Modern Indonesia, edited by Salim and Azra, Singapore: Institute of South East Asian Studies.
Salim, A. (2003) "Shari'a in Indonesia's Current Transition" Shari'a and Politics in Modern Indonesia, edited by Salim and Azra, Singapore: Institute of South East Asian Studies.

Salim, A. and Azyumardi Azra, (2003) "Negara dan Syariat dalam Perspektif Politik Hukum Indonesia" Syariat Islam: Pandangan Muslim Liberal [Islamic Sharia: Liberal Muslim Views], edited by Burhanuddin, Jakarta: Jaringan Islam Liberal. 

Salim, A. (2003) "Mengungkap Sisi Teologis Pemikiran Hukum Islam: Telaah Atas konsep Husn dan Qubh" in Abuddin Nata (ed.) Masail Al-Fiqhiyah, Jakarta: Kencana.

Salim, A. (2003) "Pengelolaan Zakat dalam Politik Orde Baru" in Problematika Zakat Kontemporer: Artikulasi Proses Sosial Bangsa, edited by Muhtar Sadili and Amru. Jakarta: Forum Zakat.
Salim, A. (2002) "Islam di Antara Dua Demokrasi" [Islam between Two Democracies] in Wajah Liberal Islam di Indonesia [The Liberal Face of Islam in Indonesia] edited by Luthfi Assyaukanie, Jakarta: Islam Liberal.

Salim, A. (2012) "Indonesia, Shari'ah in." In Oxford Islamic Studies Online, Apr 16, 2012. 

Salim, A. (2011) "Between ICMI and NU: The Contested Representation of Muslim Civil Society in Indonesia, 1990-2001" Al Jamiah 49 (2).
Salim, A. (2010) "Dynamic Legal Pluralism in Indonesia: Contested Plural Legal Orders of Contemporary Aceh".  Journal of Legal Pluralism 61: 1-30.
Salim, A. (2010) Book Review of Muslim Legal Thought in Modern Indonesia by Michael Feener. Islamic Law and Society 18 (1). 
Salim, A. (2009) "Dynamic Legal Pluralism in Indonesia: The Shift in Plural Legal Orders of Contemporary Aceh", Max Planck Institute for Social Anthropology Working Papers, no. 110. 
Salim, A. (2008) "The Shari`a Bylaws and Human Rights of Individuals, Women and Non-Muslim Minorities in Indonesia" Studia Islamika: Indonesian Journal for Islamic Studies 15 (1)
Salim, A. (2008) "Discourses on Democracy within Debates on Islam-State Relations in Indonesia", Journal of Indonesian Islam 2 (1)
Salim, A. (2008) "Perda Berbasis Agama dan Perlindungan Konstitusional Penegakan HAM" [The Bylaws based on religion and constitutional protection of human rights], Journal Perempuan 60 (September).
Salim, A. (2008) "Pluralisme Hukum di Indonesia: Keberadaan Hukum Islam dalam Perundang-undangan Nasional", [Legal Pluralism in Indonesia: Islamic Law in National Legal System], Jurnal Harmoni 28 (Okt-Des).
Salim, A. (2006) "The influential legacy of Dutch Islamic policy on the formation of zakat (alms) law in modern Indonesia." Pacific Rim Law and Policy Journal 15 (3).
Salim, A. (2005) "Perkembangan Awal Hukum Islam di Nusantara" [The Early Developments of Islamic Law in the Archipelago], Jurnal Hukum Respublica, 5 (1).
Salim, A. (2005) "Islamic Law and the Issue of Gender Equality in Indonesia", Book Review, John Bowen, Islam, Law and Equality in Indonesia. The Australian Journal of Asian Law 7 (2) pp. 187-197.
Salim, A. (2004) "Shari'a from Below in Aceh 1930s-1960s: Islamic Identity and the Right to Self Determination with Comparative Reference to the Moro Islamic Liberation Front (MILF)", in Indonesia and Malay World 32 (1).
Salim, A. (1999) "Min Nizam al-Qada' al-Munfarid Ila Nizam Majlis al-Qudat" [From the Solitary Judge to the Council Judge], Studia Islamika: Indonesian Journal for Islamic Studies 6 (2).
Salim, A. (1999) "Pembebasan Perempuan di Dunia Muslim: Pemikiran Qasim Amin" [Liberating Women in the Muslim World: Qasim Amin's Thoughts], Jurnal Perempuan 10 (Feb-April).
Salim, A. (1998) "Mengungkap Aspek Teologis Pemikiran Hukum Islam: Studi Konsep Husn dan Qubh" [Exploring Theological Aspects of Islamic Legal Thought: A Study of the Concept of Husn and Qubh],
Jurnal Mimbar Agama 
dan BudayaXV (36).
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