Inherent requirements for TESOL


These inherent requirements apply to the following courses:

  • Master of Arts (TESOL) (1595)
  • Graduate Diploma in TESOL (1635)
  • Graduate Certificate in TESOL (1636)

Introduction

The Western Sydney University School of Humanities and Communication Arts (SoHCA) strongly supports the right of all people to pursue a Teachers of English to Speakers of Other Languages (TESOL) course at the SoHCA to achieve their potential and career objectives. The School is committed to making reasonable adjustments to teaching and learning, assessment and other activities to address the impact of students' disabilities so that they are able to participate in their course.

To support potential and current students' decision making, a series of inherent requirement statements has been developed. These statements specify the course requirements of the postgraduate TESOL courses for student admission and progression. The statements are clustered under six domains consisting of ethical behaviour, behavioural stability, communication, cognition, sensory abilities and sustainable performance. All three courses require an internship placement. Many of the activities associated with the required internship are time sensitive.

How to read the inherent requirement statements

If you are intending to enrol in a postgraduate TESOL program at the School of Humanities and Communication Arts (SoHCA), you should look at these inherent requirement statements and think about whether you may experience challenges in meeting these requirements. If you think you may experience challenges related to your disability, chronic health condition or any other reason, you should discuss your concerns with a campus Disability Advisor or SoHCA staff, such as the Director of Academic Program, Academic Course Advisor or School Disability Coordinator. These staff can work collaboratively with you to determine reasonable adjustments to assist you to meet the Inherent Requirements. In the case where it is determined that Inherent Requirements cannot be met with reasonable adjustments, the University staff can provide guidance regarding other study options.

These inherent requirements should be read in conjunction with other course information.

Each inherent requirement is made up of the following five levels:

  • Level 1 - introduction to the inherent requirement
  • Level 2 - description of what the inherent requirement is
  • Level 3 - explanation of why this is an inherent requirement of the course
  • Level 4 - the nature of any adjustments that may be made to allow you to meet the requirement
  • Level 5 - examples of things you must be able to do to show you've met the requirement

There are six domains of inherent requirements in the postgraduate TESOL courses. Some domains have a number of sub-domains.

  • Ethical behaviour
  • Behavioural stability
  • Communication
  • Cognition
  • Sensory ability
  • Sustainable performance

Inherent requirement statements

Ethical behaviour

  Inherent requirements statements
1 Students are governed by policies, procedures and guidelines and must be accountable and responsible for ensuring appropriate behaviour in all contexts.
2

Student demonstrates knowledge of, and engages in ethical behaviour.

3

Justification of inherent requirement:

» Compliance with the codes, guidelines and policies facilitates safe, competent interactions and relationships for students and/or the people they engage with. This ensures the physical, psychological, emotional and spiritual wellbeing of the individual is not placed at risk

4 Adjustments must not compromise policies, procedures and guidelines or result in unethical behaviour.
5

Exemplars:

» Complying with policies, procedures and guidelines of the University and other external agencies who engage with students for work placement  
» Demonstrating respect for the diversity of family and community values and practices within academic and work placement settings

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Behavioural stability

  Inherent requirements statements
1 Behavioural stability is required to function and adapt effectively and sensitively in academic and work placement settings.
2

Student demonstrates:
» Behavioural stability to work constructively in diverse and changing academic and work placement settings
» Consistency in responding to people from non English speaking backgrounds who may have experienced stressful and challenging situations 

3

Justification of inherent requirement:

» Behavioural stability is required to participate individually and in groups in diverse and changing learning environments. TESOL students will encounter people from various cultural and social backgrounds and will be required to have behavioural stability to manage these interactions objectively and professionally

4 Adjustments must support stable, effective and professional behaviour on both academic and work placement settings.
5

Exemplars:

» Being receptive and responding appropriately to constructive feedback in an academic context  
» Coping with own emotions and behaviour effectively when dealing with individuals in an academic and/or work placement settings

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Communication

This course requires effective, verbal, non-verbal and written communication skills.

Verbal
  Inherent requirements statements
1 Effective and efficient verbal communication, in English, is an essential requirement for TESOL in both academic and work placement settings.
2

Student demonstrates:
» Effective verbal communication at formal and informal levels in tutorials, with peers and lecturers/tutors in small and large groups
» The ability to provide clear instructions and presentation of ideas to individuals and large groups relevant to the learning context
» The ability to understand and respond to verbal communication accurately, appropriately and in a timely manner
» The ability to communicate effectively with diverse linguistic and cultural groups and individuals across a range of social contexts

3

Justification of inherent requirement:

» Interactivity of communication is fundamental to the educational process
» Adequate verbal communication is essential in developing and maintaining effective relationships with all educational stakeholders
» Timely, accurate and effective delivery of information provides clear instruction and initiation of learning and understanding

4 Adjustments for impaired verbal communication must address effectiveness, timeliness, clarity and accuracy issues.
5

Exemplars:

» Communicating in English effectively and appropriately in tutorials, lectures and in work placement settings  
» Responding appropriately to a request in the work placement setting

Non-verbal
  Inherent requirements statements
1 Effective understanding and use of non-verbal communication is fundamental to the TESOL student. Non-verbal behaviours need to be respectful, clear, attentive, empathetic, honest and non judgemental.
2 Student demonstrates:
» The capacity to observe, understand, interpret and respond appropriately to behavioural cues of others
» The ability to apply non-verbal cues to enhance meaning and communication in English
» Sensitivity to individual and cultural differences in relation to non-verbal communication
3

Justification of inherent requirement:

» The ability to observe and understand non-verbal cues assists with building a rapport with people and gaining their trust and respect in academic and professional relationships
» Displaying consistent and appropriate facial expressions, eye contact, being mindful of space, time boundaries and body movements and gestures promotes trust in academic and professional relationships
» Being sensitive to individual differences displays respect and empathy to others and develops trusting relationships
» Effective TESOL teaching practice requires the ability to observe, interpret and respond appropriately to non-verbal communication, particularly in situations where the student may not be able to verbalise distress, discomfort or lack of understanding

4 Adjustments must enable the recognition, initiation of, or appropriate response to effective non-verbal communication in a timely and appropriate manner.
5

Exemplars:

» Using appropriate non-verbal cues when interacting with peers, colleagues and students
» Demonstrating awareness of cross-cultural differences in non-verbal communication

Written
  Inherent requirements statements
1 Effective written communication in English is required to effectively access and undertake course content and participate in work placement settings.
2 Student demonstrates capacity to construct and model coherent written communication appropriate to the circumstances.
3

Justification of inherent requirement:

» Construction of written text based assessment tasks to reflect the required academic standards are necessary to convey knowledge and understanding of relevant subject matter for professional practice
» Students are required to produce accurate, responsive and diligent reports, student profiles, record keeping, lesson material, curriculum plans, assessments and evaluations necessary for the provision of an effective learning environment

4 Adjustments must meet necessary standards of clarity, accuracy and accessibility to ensure effective recording and transmission of information in both academic professional settings.
5

Exemplars:

» Constructing an essay to reflect academic standards
» Demonstrating the capacity to produce accurate legible written materials in work placement settings

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Cognition

This course requires knowledge of theory and the skills of cognition and numeracy.

Knowledge and cognitive skills
  Inherent requirements statements
1 Consistent and effective knowledge and cognitive skills must be demonstrated to provide accurate and complete TESOL teaching.
2 Student demonstrates:
» Capacity to locate appropriate and relevant information within an academic context
» The ability to process information relevant to practice
» The ability to integrate and implement knowledge in practice
3

Justification of inherent requirement:

» Delivery of teaching content is based on comprehensive knowledge that must be sourced, understood and applied appropriately to ensure the demonstration of effective TESOL teaching skills

4 Adjustments must ensure that a clear demonstration of knowledge and cognitive skills is not compromised or impeded.
5

Exemplars:

» Ability to conceptualise and use appropriate knowledge in response to academic assessment items
» Appropriately applying knowledge of practice in the work placement setting

Literacy (language)
  Inherent requirements statements
1 TESOL students require competent English language and academic literacy skills in order to participate in academic and work placement settings.
2 Student demonstrates:
» The ability to accurately acquire information and generate appropriately structured verbal and written responses
» The ability to read and comprehend a range of literature and information for teaching and learning purposes
» The capacity to understand and implement academic conventions to construct written text in a scholarly manner
3

Justification of inherent requirement:

» The ability to acquire information and to accurately convey messages is fundamental to the learning in the academic environment and to teaching in work placement settings
» The ability to read, decode, interpret and comprehend multiple sources of information is fundamental for effective study, preparation and teaching

4 Adjustments to address literacy issues must support the student's capacity to effectively acquire, comprehend, apply and communicate accurate information in English in a given time frame.
5

Exemplars:

» Communicating clearly with colleagues in work placement settings
» Competently constructing and sharing a range of texts in academic and work placement settings
» Quoting, paraphrasing, summarising and referencing in accordance with appropriate academic conventions in written assignments

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Sensory abilities

This course requires adequate visual and auditory abilities.

Visual
  Inherent requirements statements
1 Adequate visual acuity is required to be responsive to the demands of the work placement settings
2 Student demonstrates sufficient visual function to undertake the required range of skills.
3

Justification of inherent requirement:

» Sufficient visual acuity is necessary to demonstrate the required range of skills, tasks and assessments 
» Visual observations, examinations and assessments are fundamental to safe and effective TESOL practice

4 Adjustments must address the need to perform the required range of tasks involved in TESOL units, and work placement settings effectively and consistently.
5

Exemplars:

» Being able to view a student's written work and provide feedback whilst on placement
» Being able to sufficiently see which enables movement of students in an emergency situation 

Auditory
  Inherent requirements statements
1 Adequate auditory ability is required to be responsive to the demands of the work placement settings
2 Student demonstrates sufficient aural function to undertake the required range of skills.
3

Justification of inherent requirement:

» Sufficient auditory ability is necessary to monitor and assess students' spoken English in the work placement setting consistently and accurately 
» Demonstrates sufficient auditory ability to gather information and accurately feedback and monitor students consistently and accurately whilst on work placement

4 Adjustments must address the need to perform the required range of tasks involved classroom tasks, assessments, practicum and professional experience work. Any strategies to address the effects of a Hearing Impairment must be consistent  and not compromise the effectiveness of work required as TESOL student
5

Exemplars:

» Observing and detecting changes in a student's pronunciation of words and correcting errors
» Being able to detect and act on a student's request in a noisy environment during work placement 

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Sustainable performance

  Inherent requirements statements
1 TESOL is a profession that requires both physical and mental performance at a consistent and sustained level to meet needs over time.
2 Student demonstrates:
» Consistent and sustained level of physical energy to complete a specific task in a timely manner and over time
» The ability to perform repetitive activities with a level of concentration that ensures a capacity to focus on the activity until it is completed appropriately
» The capacity to maintain consistency and quality of performance throughout the designated time period
3

Justification of inherent requirement:

» Sufficient mental and physical endurance over a designated time period is an essential requirement for the demonstration of TESOL skills to provide competent and accurate information to others

4 Adjustments must ensure that performance is consistent and sustained over a given period.
5

Exemplars:

» Providing consistent teaching preparation and instruction to classes over a designated time period
» Assisting in supervising students on a school excursion

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*Developed from: Johnson, A., Allan,T., Phillips,K., Azzopardi,T., Dickson,C., Goldsmith,M & Hengstberger-Sims, C. (2011). Inherent Requirements of Nursing Education (IRONE), Western Sydney University School of Nursing & Midwifery and Student Equity & Disability Services.


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