Inherent requirements for Engineering

These inherent requirements apply to the following courses:

  • Bachelor of Engineering (3621, 3689)
  • Bachelor of Engineering Advanced (Honours) (3666, 3690)
  • Bachelor of Engineering Science (3664, 3691)

Introduction

The Western Sydney University School of Computing, Engineering and Mathematics (SCEM) strongly supports the right of all people to pursue an engineering course to achieve their potential and career objectives. The School is committed to making reasonable adjustments to teaching and learning, assessment, laboratory practice, fieldwork and industrial experience to address the impact of students' disabilities so that they are able to participate in their course.

To support potential and current students' decision making, a series of inherent requirement statements has been developed. These statements specify the course requirements of the engineering program for student admission and progression. The statements are clustered under eight domains consisting of ethical behaviour, behavioural stability, legal, communication, cognition, sensory abilities, strength and mobility and sustainable performance. Some of the activities that you will be associated with whilst participating in this course are time sensitive, where the capacity to undertake certain activities within specified time limits is required to reduce or avoid risks to an individual's safety and wellbeing. The safety and wellbeing of you and others is always of paramount importance.

As an Engineers Australia accreditation requirement, students are required to complete 12 weeks industrial experience before graduation. Successfully completing the course enables you to apply for graduate membership of Engineers Australia.

The inherent requirements outlined below provide a guide for students and staff when deciding whether you are able to meet these requirements and the type of reasonable adjustments that could be put in place to allow you to complete the course without compromising the academic integrity of the course.

How to read the inherent requirement statements

If you are intending to enrol in an undergraduate engineering course at the School of Computing, Engineering and Mathematics (SCEM), you should look at these inherent requirement statements and think about whether you may experience challenges in meeting these requirements. If you think you may experience challenges related to your disability, chronic health condition or any other reason, you should discuss your concerns with a campus Disability Advisor or the SCEM staff, such as the Director of Academic Program, Academic Course Advisor or School Disability Coordinator. These staff can work collaboratively with you to determine reasonable adjustments to assist you to meet the Inherent Requirements. In the case where it is determined that Inherent Requirements cannot be met with reasonable adjustments, the University staff can provide guidance regarding other study options.

These inherent requirements should be read in conjunction with other course information and Engineers Australia (opens in a new window) guidelines such as the Engineers Australia Code of Ethics (opens in a new window).

Each inherent requirement is made up of the following five levels:

  • Level 1 - introduction to the inherent requirement
  • Level 2 - description of what the inherent requirement is
  • Level 3 - explanation of why this is an inherent requirement of the course
  • Level 4 - the nature of any adjustments that may be made to allow you to meet the requirement
  • Level 5 - examples of things you must be able to do to show you've met the requirement

There are eight domains of inherent requirements in the undergraduate engineering courses. Some domains have a number of sub-domains.

  • Ethical behaviour
  • Behavioural stability
  • Legal
  • Communication
  • Cognition
  • Sensory ability
  • Strength and mobility
  • Sustainable performance

Inherent requirement statements

Ethical behaviour

  Inherent requirements statements
1

Engineering is a profession governed by codes, guidelines and policies where engineering students are both accountable and responsible for ensuring professional behaviour in all contexts.

2

Student demonstrates knowledge of, and engages in ethical behaviour in practice.

3

Justification of inherent requirement:

» Compliance with the codes, guidelines and policies facilitates safe, competent interactions and relationships for students and/or the people they engage with. This ensures the physical, psychological, emotional and spiritual wellbeing of the individual is not placed at risk

4 Adjustments must not compromise codes and standards or result in unethical behaviour.
5

Exemplars:

» Complying with academic and non-academic misconduct policies
» Demonstrating appropriate behaviour in lectures, tutorials, laboratories and in group settings

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Behavioural stability

  Inherent requirements statements
1 Behavioural stability is required to function and adapt effectively and sensitively in academic and engineering practice settings.
2 Student demonstrates behavioural stability to work constructively in diverse and changing academic and engineering practice settings.
3

Justification of inherent requirement:

» Behavioural stability is required to work individually and in teams in changing and unpredictable environments. Engineering students will be exposed to demanding situations and community responsibilities and will be required to have behavioural stability to manage these events objectively and professionally

4 Adjustments must support stable, effective and professional behaviour in both academic and engineering practice settings.
5

Exemplars:

» Being receptive and responding appropriately to constructive feedback
» Coping with own emotions & behaviour effectively when dealing with individuals or teams in engineering practice settings

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Legal

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Communication

This course requires effective, verbal, non - verbal and written communication skills.

Verbal
  Inherent requirements statements
1 Effective and efficient verbal communication, in English, is an essential requirement to enable the safe delivery of projects and services.
2 Student demonstrates:
» The ability to understand and respond to verbal communication accurately, appropriately and in a timely manner
» The ability to provide clear instructions in the context of the situation
» Timely clear feedback and reporting
3

Justification of inherent requirement:

» Adequate communication with engineers and team members is necessary for the safe execution of projects and the delivery of services
» Effective communication is necessary for building successful teams and professional relationships
» Timely, accurate and effective delivery of instructions is critical to professional service delivery

4 Adjustments for impaired verbal communication must address effectiveness, timeliness, clarity and accuracy issues.
5

Exemplars:

» Participating in safety briefs in the laboratory and tutorial settings as well as site visits  
» Responding appropriately to a request for assistance in the engineering practice setting

Non-verbal
  Inherent requirements statements
1 Effective non-verbal communication is fundamental to the successful execution of various engineering tasks and needs to be respectful, clear, attentive, empathetic, honest and non judgemental.
2 Student demonstrates:
» The capacity to recognise, interpret and respond appropriately to behavioural cues
» Displays consistent and appropriate awareness of own behaviours
» Sensitivity to individual differences
3

Justification of inherent requirement:

» The ability to observe and understand non-verbal cues assists with building a rapport with people and gaining their trust and respect in academic and professional relationships
» Displaying consistent and appropriate facial expressions, eye contact, being mindful of space, time boundaries and body movements and gestures promotes trust in academic and  professional relationships
» Being sensitive to individual differences displays respect and empathy to others and develops trusting relationships
» The ability to observe and understand non-verbal cues is essential for safe and successful execution of various engineering tasks

4 Adjustments must enable the recognition, initiation of or appropriate response to effective non-verbal communication in a timely and appropriate manner.
5

Exemplars:

» Recognising and responding appropriately in the classroom, laboratory and on-site visits
» Recognising and responding appropriately to cues in an engineering practice environment

Written
  Inherent requirements statements
1 Effective written communication is a fundamental responsibility with professional and legal ramifications.
2 Student demonstrates capacity to construct coherent written communication appropriate to the circumstances.
3

Justification of inherent requirement:

» Construction of written text based assessment tasks to reflect the required academic standards are necessary to convey knowledge and understanding of relevant subject matter for professional practice
» Accurate written communication, including record keeping, is vital to provide consistent and professional projects and service delivery

4 Adjustments must meet necessary standards of clarity, accuracy, accessibility, transferability and portability to ensure effective recording and transmission of information in both academic and engineering practice settings.
5

Exemplars:

» Constructing an assignment to academic standards
» Constructing an engineering report in a timely manner that meets professional standards

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Cognition

This course requires knowledge of theory and the skills of cognition, literacy and numeracy.

Knowledge and cognitive skills
  Inherent requirements statements
1 Consistent and effective knowledge and cognitive skills must be demonstrated to provide safe and appropriate engineering services.
2 Student demonstrates:
» The capacity to locate appropriate and relevant information
» The ability to process information relevant to practice
» The ability to integrate and implement knowledge in practice
3

Justification of inherent requirement:

» Safe and effective delivery of project and services is based on comprehensive knowledge that must be sourced, understood and applied appropriately

4 Adjustments must ensure that a clear demonstration of knowledge and cognitive skills is not compromised or impeded.
5

Exemplars:

» Ability to conceptualise and use appropriate knowledge in response to academic assessment items
» Appropriately applying knowledge of policy and procedures in engineering practice settings

Literacy (language)
  Inherent requirements statements
1 Competent literacy skills are essential to provide safe and effective delivery of engineering projects and services.
2 Student demonstrates:
» The ability to accurately acquire information and accurately convey appropriate, effective messages
» The ability to read and comprehend a range of literature and information
» The capacity to understand and implement academic conventions to construct written text in a scholarly manner
3

Justification of inherent requirement:

» The ability to acquire information and to accurately convey messages is fundamental to ensure safe and effective delivery of engineering projects and services
» The ability to read, decode, interpret and comprehend multiple sources of information is fundamental for safe and effective delivery of engineering projects and services

4 Adjustments to address literacy issues must demonstrate a capacity to effectively acquire, comprehend, apply and communicate accurate information.
5

Exemplars:

» Conveying a spoken message accurately and effectively in an engineering practice setting
» Paraphrasing, summarising and referencing in accordance with appropriate academic conventions in written assignments
» Producing accurate, concise and clear documentation which meets technical requirements

Numeracy
  Inherent requirements statements
1 Competent and accurate numeracy skills are essential for safe and effective delivery of engineering projects and services.
2 Student interprets and correctly applies data, measurements and numerical criteria.
3

Justification of inherent requirement:

» Competent application of numeracy skills is essential in engineering to facilitate the safe and effective delivery of projects and services

4 Adjustments must demonstrate a capacity to interpret and apply concepts and processes appropriately in a timely, accurate and effective manner.
5

Exemplars:

» Performing accurate calculations that represent an engineering system
» Demonstrate accurate interpretation of engineering system response data 

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Sensory ability

Visual
  Inherent requirements statements
1 Adequate visual acuity is required to undertake safe and effective engineering practices
2 Student demonstrates sufficient visual acuity to undertake the required range of tasks.
3

Justification of inherent requirement:

» Sufficient visual acuity is necessary to demonstrate the required range of skills, through the performance of relevant  tasks and assessments whilst maintaining consistent, accurate and safe care to self and others 
» Visual observations, examination and assessment are fundamental to safe and effective engineering practice

4 Adjustments should facilitate functional effectiveness, safety of self and others and a capacity to provide safe engineering services. These adjustments may include, but are not limited to adaptive equipment, assistive technology, practical assistant personnel or modifications to the task which do not impact upon the academic knowledge and skills required to complete it.
5

Exemplars:

» Accurately using instrumentation for measurements
» Observing and detecting subtle changes in responses to engineering systems using instrumentation 

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Strength and mobility

This course requires strength and mobility involving fine and gross motor skills.

Gross motor
  Inherent requirements statements
1 Utilisation of appropriate gross motor skills is required in engineering practice to complete various tasks.
2 Student demonstrates the ability to complete gross motor tasks to function within scope of practice.
3

Justification of inherent requirement:

» Sufficient gross motor skills are necessary to complete various engineering tasks. Tasks that involve gross motor skills include carrying, pushing, pulling, standing, and bending. Students must be able to demonstrate these tasks consistently and safely to reduce the risk of harm to self and others

4 Adjustments should facilitate functional effectiveness, safety of self and others and a capacity to provide safe engineering services. These adjustments may include, but are not limited to adaptive equipment, assistive technology, practical assistant personnel or modifications to the task which do not impact upon the academic knowledge and skills required to complete it.
5

Exemplars:

» Repair of engineering systems
» Transporting field equipment during data collection phase of engineering projects

Fine motor
  Inherent requirements statements
1 Engineering is a profession that requires manual dexterity and the ability to complete fine motor skills is fundamental in providing adequate engineering services.
2 Student demonstrates the ability to use fine motor skills to complete various engineering tasks.
3

Justification of inherent requirement:

» Sufficient fine motor skills are necessary to complete various engineering tasks. Tasks that include fine motor skills include being able to grasp, press, push, turn, squeeze and manipulate various objects. Students must be able to demonstrate these tasks consistently and safely to reduce the risk of harm to self and others

4 Adjustments should facilitate functional effectiveness, safety of self and others and a capacity to provide safe engineering services. These adjustments may include, but are not limited to adaptive equipment, assistive technology, practical assistant personnel or modifications to the task which do not impact upon the academic knowledge and skills required to complete it.
5

Exemplars:

» Manipulating instruments in tests and measurements
» Using knobs and dials in equipment used for field data collection

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Sustainable performance

  Inherent requirements statements
1 Engineering practice requires both physical and mental performance at a consistent and sustained level to meet individual needs over time.
2 Student demonstrates:
» Consistent and sustained level of physical energy to complete a specific task in a timely manner and over time
» The ability to perform repetitive activities with a level of concentration that ensures a capacity to focus on the activity until it is completed appropriately
» The capacity to maintain consistency and quality of performance throughout the designated engineering practice
3

Justification of inherent requirement:

» Sufficient physical and mental endurance is an essential requirement needed to perform multiple tasks in an assigned period to provide safe and appropriate engineering services

4 Adjustments must ensure that performance is consistent and sustained over a given period.
5

Exemplars:

» Participating in tutorials, lectures, and laboratories throughout the day
» Providing consistent engineering practices over a negotiated time frame

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*Developed from: Johnson, A., Allan,T., Phillips,K., Azzopardi,T., Dickson,C., Goldsmith,M & Hengstberger-Sims, C. (2011). Inherent Requirements of Nursing Education (IRONE), Western Sydney University School of Nursing & Midwifery and Student Equity & Disability Services.


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