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Tibet and it's People
Its borders coincide roughly with the actual zone of control of the government of Tibet before 1959.
Tibet is the second-largest province of China by area (spanning over 1,200,000 km²).
Culture and Language
Tibet has its own unique culture and language.
The Tibetan language is spoken in various dialects which are usually mutually comprehensible. Tibetan history is characterized by a special dedication to the Buddhist religion.
Religion Dalai Lama
History -The Key Milestones
Early humans inhabited the Tibetan Plateau from at least 20,000 years ago.
In the early VII century Tibet unified under Songtsän Gampo as an independent kingdom and sent an ambassador to China.
1247 - 1728 Tibet under Mongol control.
1913 - 1959 Tibetan self-rule in the areas of present Tibet Autonomous Region; other parts of historic Tibet were not under the administration of the Tibetan government during the XX century.
The flag of Tibet was used intermittently between 1912 and 1950. This version was introduced by the 13th Dalai Lama in 1912. The flag is outlawed in PRC.
1950 - the Chinese Army "liberated" the Tibetan area of Chamdo.
1951 - the Tibetan representatives signed a seventeen-point agreement with the Chinese Central People's Government affirming China's sovereignty over Tibet.
1956 - 1959 insurrection against Chinese rule.
1959 - Chinese crushed the insurrection and the 14th Dalai Lama and government principals fled into political exile in India.
1971 - PRC were admitted to UN and UN General Assembly; and the Republic of China expelled from the UN.
1972 - Nixon visits PRC and establishes diplomatic relations based on the "one China" policy.
Status of Tibet Today
Tibet is part of the People's Republic of China (PRC) (with a small part controlled by India).
Tibet is also officially claimed by the Republic of China (Taiwan).
The government of the People's Republic of China and the Government of Tibet in Exile still disagree over:
- when Tibet became a part of China, and
- whether the incorporation into China is legitimate according to international law.
The Dalai Lama seeks increased autonomy for Tibet.
There are significant human rights issues in Tibet.
At present there is unrest in Tibet and foreign journalists cannot visit Tibet.
PM Rudd condemned China's violation of human rights in Tibet.
He said in early April 2008 prior to his Beijing visit:
"It is absolutely clear that there are human rights abuses in Tibet. That's clear-cut; we need to be upfront and absolutely straight about what's going on."